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Tidal-Scale Hydrodynamics within Mangrove Swamps

Tidal-Scale Hydrodynamics within Mangrove Swamps Both the drag force and the horizontal eddy viscosity play a dominant role in the tidal-scale hydrodynamics in mangrove wetlands. Using field observations and basic fluid mechanics laws, the drag coefficient and the coefficient of dynamic eddy viscosity are found to be predictable as a function of the Reynolds Number based on the characteristic length scale of the vegetation. The characteristic length scale of the vegetation varies greatly with vegetation species, vegetation density and tidal elevation. Both these coefficients decrease with increasing values of the Reynolds Number. At the low range of the Reynolds Number both these coefficients reach much higher values than those typical of vegetation-poor estuaries and rivers. Consequently, the tidal flow within mangrove areas depends to a large degree upon the submerged vegetation density that varies with the tidal stage. These findings may be applied also in other vegetated tidal wetlands, including salt marshes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Wetlands Ecology and Management Springer Journals

Tidal-Scale Hydrodynamics within Mangrove Swamps

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References (32)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer
Subject
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology; Conservation Biology/Ecology; Environmental Law/Policy/Ecojustice; Marine & Freshwater Sciences; Hydrology/Water Resources; Water Quality/Water Pollution
ISSN
0923-4861
eISSN
1572-9834
DOI
10.1007/s11273-005-0613-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Both the drag force and the horizontal eddy viscosity play a dominant role in the tidal-scale hydrodynamics in mangrove wetlands. Using field observations and basic fluid mechanics laws, the drag coefficient and the coefficient of dynamic eddy viscosity are found to be predictable as a function of the Reynolds Number based on the characteristic length scale of the vegetation. The characteristic length scale of the vegetation varies greatly with vegetation species, vegetation density and tidal elevation. Both these coefficients decrease with increasing values of the Reynolds Number. At the low range of the Reynolds Number both these coefficients reach much higher values than those typical of vegetation-poor estuaries and rivers. Consequently, the tidal flow within mangrove areas depends to a large degree upon the submerged vegetation density that varies with the tidal stage. These findings may be applied also in other vegetated tidal wetlands, including salt marshes.

Journal

Wetlands Ecology and ManagementSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 19, 2005

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