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Trauma, Family Factors and the Mental Health of Homeless Adolescents

Trauma, Family Factors and the Mental Health of Homeless Adolescents Family factors, such as poor family functioning and trauma, have been associated with negative outcomes for homeless adolescents. Further study is needed to better understand how family factors and trauma jointly relate to mental health problems and externalizing behaviors among homeless adolescents. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the influence of trauma (encompassing traumatic events experienced prior to, and after, becoming homeless) and family factors (poor family functioning and family conflict) on mental health problems and externalizing behaviors (substance use, delinquent behaviors, and sexual risk) among 201 homeless adolescents, ages 12 to 17 years. Trauma, poor family functioning, and family conflict significantly predicted greater mental health problems, delinquent behaviors, high-risk sexual behaviors and substance use. Overall, the findings suggest that family factors appear to be key to understanding mental health problems and externalizing behaviors among homeless adolescents. Implications, limitations and future directions are addressed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma Springer Journals

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References (101)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer International Publishing AG
Subject
Psychology; Child and School Psychology; Social Work; Public Health
ISSN
1936-1521
eISSN
1936-153X
DOI
10.1007/s40653-017-0157-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Family factors, such as poor family functioning and trauma, have been associated with negative outcomes for homeless adolescents. Further study is needed to better understand how family factors and trauma jointly relate to mental health problems and externalizing behaviors among homeless adolescents. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the influence of trauma (encompassing traumatic events experienced prior to, and after, becoming homeless) and family factors (poor family functioning and family conflict) on mental health problems and externalizing behaviors (substance use, delinquent behaviors, and sexual risk) among 201 homeless adolescents, ages 12 to 17 years. Trauma, poor family functioning, and family conflict significantly predicted greater mental health problems, delinquent behaviors, high-risk sexual behaviors and substance use. Overall, the findings suggest that family factors appear to be key to understanding mental health problems and externalizing behaviors among homeless adolescents. Implications, limitations and future directions are addressed.

Journal

Journal of Child & Adolescent TraumaSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 22, 2017

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