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Unconventional Rac-GEF activity is mediated through the Dock180–ELMO complex

Unconventional Rac-GEF activity is mediated through the Dock180–ELMO complex Mammalian Dock180 and ELMO proteins, and their homologues in Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila melanogaster, function as critical upstream regulators of Rac during development and cell migration. The mechanism by which Dock180 or ELMO mediates Rac activation is not understood. Here, we identify a domain within Dock180 (denoted Docker) that specifically recognizes nucleotide-free Rac and can mediate GTP loading of Rac in vitro. The Docker domain is conserved among known Dock180 family members in metazoans and in a yeast protein. In cells, binding of Dock180 to Rac alone is insufficient for GTP loading, and a Dock180–ELMO1 interaction is required. We can also detect a trimeric ELMO1–Dock180–Rac1 complex and ELMO augments the interaction between Dock180 and Rac. We propose that the Dock180–ELMO complex functions as an unconventional two-part exchange factor for Rac. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nature Cell Biology Springer Journals

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References (33)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 by Nature Publishing Group
Subject
Life Sciences; Life Sciences, general; Cell Biology; Cancer Research; Developmental Biology; Stem Cells
ISSN
1465-7392
eISSN
1476-4679
DOI
10.1038/ncb824
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Mammalian Dock180 and ELMO proteins, and their homologues in Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila melanogaster, function as critical upstream regulators of Rac during development and cell migration. The mechanism by which Dock180 or ELMO mediates Rac activation is not understood. Here, we identify a domain within Dock180 (denoted Docker) that specifically recognizes nucleotide-free Rac and can mediate GTP loading of Rac in vitro. The Docker domain is conserved among known Dock180 family members in metazoans and in a yeast protein. In cells, binding of Dock180 to Rac alone is insufficient for GTP loading, and a Dock180–ELMO1 interaction is required. We can also detect a trimeric ELMO1–Dock180–Rac1 complex and ELMO augments the interaction between Dock180 and Rac. We propose that the Dock180–ELMO complex functions as an unconventional two-part exchange factor for Rac.

Journal

Nature Cell BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 15, 2002

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