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Understanding the communication network of farmers to ensure the sustainable use of pesticides

Understanding the communication network of farmers to ensure the sustainable use of pesticides India is an agricultural nation and the most populous country in the world, which puts constant pressure on its natural resources to meet the demands. Despite this, the growing population further emphasises the need to increase food production. To increase the productivity of food crops, synthetic inputs like fertilisers and pesticides were introduced into modern agriculture. However, their excessive and indiscriminate use has resulted in severe environmental degradation and greatly threatens humans and non-human biota. In the present study, we tried to document the pesticide usage pattern of rice farmers and their sources of information for pesticide application through social network analysis (SNA). The results indicated excessive and inappropriate pesticide use by the farmers. When we probed into their communication source for pesticide usage, we found that local input dealers were regarded as the most crucial source of communication by 479 farmers. It is also worth mentioning that 133 farmers trust the advice of spray men for their pesticide usage. From the findings, it is evident that it is high time for the diffusion of sustainable agricultural practices (SAPs), and for the diffusion process, informal sources like input dealers and spray men should also be included in the communication channel. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences Springer Journals

Understanding the communication network of farmers to ensure the sustainable use of pesticides

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References (73)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © AESS 2023. Springer Nature or its licensor (e.g. a society or other partner) holds exclusive rights to this article under a publishing agreement with the author(s) or other rightsholder(s); author self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of this article is solely governed by the terms of such publishing agreement and applicable law.
ISSN
2190-6483
eISSN
2190-6491
DOI
10.1007/s13412-023-00861-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

India is an agricultural nation and the most populous country in the world, which puts constant pressure on its natural resources to meet the demands. Despite this, the growing population further emphasises the need to increase food production. To increase the productivity of food crops, synthetic inputs like fertilisers and pesticides were introduced into modern agriculture. However, their excessive and indiscriminate use has resulted in severe environmental degradation and greatly threatens humans and non-human biota. In the present study, we tried to document the pesticide usage pattern of rice farmers and their sources of information for pesticide application through social network analysis (SNA). The results indicated excessive and inappropriate pesticide use by the farmers. When we probed into their communication source for pesticide usage, we found that local input dealers were regarded as the most crucial source of communication by 479 farmers. It is also worth mentioning that 133 farmers trust the advice of spray men for their pesticide usage. From the findings, it is evident that it is high time for the diffusion of sustainable agricultural practices (SAPs), and for the diffusion process, informal sources like input dealers and spray men should also be included in the communication channel.

Journal

Journal of Environmental Studies and SciencesSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 1, 2024

Keywords: Pesticides; Information sources; Social network analysis; Correspondence analysis; Paddy farmers

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