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Work Reintegration and Cardiovascular Disease: Medical and Rehabilitation Influences

Work Reintegration and Cardiovascular Disease: Medical and Rehabilitation Influences Introduction Research into work reintegration following cardiovascular disease onset is limited in its clinical and individual focus. There is no research examining worker experience in context during the return to work process. Methods Qualitative case study method informed by applied ethnography. Worker experience was assessed through longitudinal in-depth interviews with 12 workers returning to work following disabling cardiac illness. Workplace context (Canadian auto manufacturing plant) was assessed through site visits and meetings with stakeholders including occupational health personnel. Data was analyzed using constant comparison and progressive coding. Results Twelve men (43–63 years) participated in the study. Results revealed that unyielding production demands and performance monitoring pushed worker capacities and caused “insidious stress”. Medical reassurance was important in the workers’ decisions to return to work and stay on the job but medical restrictions were viewed as having limited relevance owing to limited understanding of work demands. Medical sanction was important for transient absence from the workplace as well as permanent disability. Cardiac rehabilitation programs were beneficial for lifestyle modification and building exercise capacity, but had limited benefit on work reintegration. Occupational health provided monitoring and support during work reintegration. Conclusions Medical reassurance can be an important influence on worker representations of disease threat. Medical advice as it pertained to work activities was less valued as it lacked considerations of work conditions. Cardiac rehabilitation lacked intensity and relevance to work demands. Occupational health was reassuring for workers and played an important role in developing return to work plans. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation Springer Journals

Work Reintegration and Cardiovascular Disease: Medical and Rehabilitation Influences

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References (65)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Rehabilitation; Clinical Psychology; Health Psychology; Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine
ISSN
1053-0487
eISSN
1573-3688
DOI
10.1007/s10926-011-9345-x
pmid
22124760
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Introduction Research into work reintegration following cardiovascular disease onset is limited in its clinical and individual focus. There is no research examining worker experience in context during the return to work process. Methods Qualitative case study method informed by applied ethnography. Worker experience was assessed through longitudinal in-depth interviews with 12 workers returning to work following disabling cardiac illness. Workplace context (Canadian auto manufacturing plant) was assessed through site visits and meetings with stakeholders including occupational health personnel. Data was analyzed using constant comparison and progressive coding. Results Twelve men (43–63 years) participated in the study. Results revealed that unyielding production demands and performance monitoring pushed worker capacities and caused “insidious stress”. Medical reassurance was important in the workers’ decisions to return to work and stay on the job but medical restrictions were viewed as having limited relevance owing to limited understanding of work demands. Medical sanction was important for transient absence from the workplace as well as permanent disability. Cardiac rehabilitation programs were beneficial for lifestyle modification and building exercise capacity, but had limited benefit on work reintegration. Occupational health provided monitoring and support during work reintegration. Conclusions Medical reassurance can be an important influence on worker representations of disease threat. Medical advice as it pertained to work activities was less valued as it lacked considerations of work conditions. Cardiac rehabilitation lacked intensity and relevance to work demands. Occupational health was reassuring for workers and played an important role in developing return to work plans.

Journal

Journal of Occupational RehabilitationSpringer Journals

Published: Nov 29, 2011

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