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Discouraged vs. added workers: Variation by gender, age, and marital status

Discouraged vs. added workers: Variation by gender, age, and marital status AbstractThis paper analyzes the relationship between aggregate unemployment and the labor force participation of males and females of differing ages and marital circumstances. According to the discouraged-worker effect, a higher unemployment rate causes some workers to leave the labor force leading to a reduction in both the labor-force participation rate and the unemployment rate. To shed light on this statistical incongruity, a unique data set consisting of monthly observations from the Current Population Survey is used to extract the labor force participation rates of males and females of three different age categories and three different marital classifications. Impulse functions from vector error-correction models indicate that discouraged workers are more likely though not exclusively to consist of married males and females between 50 and 65 years of age. No statistically significant evidence of a net added-worker effect is found among married females or males in any age group. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Social Science Journal Taylor & Francis

Discouraged vs. added workers: Variation by gender, age, and marital status

Social Science Journal , Volume 52 (3): 12 – Sep 1, 2015

Discouraged vs. added workers: Variation by gender, age, and marital status

Social Science Journal , Volume 52 (3): 12 – Sep 1, 2015

Abstract

AbstractThis paper analyzes the relationship between aggregate unemployment and the labor force participation of males and females of differing ages and marital circumstances. According to the discouraged-worker effect, a higher unemployment rate causes some workers to leave the labor force leading to a reduction in both the labor-force participation rate and the unemployment rate. To shed light on this statistical incongruity, a unique data set consisting of monthly observations from the Current Population Survey is used to extract the labor force participation rates of males and females of three different age categories and three different marital classifications. Impulse functions from vector error-correction models indicate that discouraged workers are more likely though not exclusively to consist of married males and females between 50 and 65 years of age. No statistically significant evidence of a net added-worker effect is found among married females or males in any age group.

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References (9)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
© 2015 Western Social Science Association
ISSN
1873-5355
eISSN
0362-3319
DOI
10.1016/j.soscij.2015.01.001
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractThis paper analyzes the relationship between aggregate unemployment and the labor force participation of males and females of differing ages and marital circumstances. According to the discouraged-worker effect, a higher unemployment rate causes some workers to leave the labor force leading to a reduction in both the labor-force participation rate and the unemployment rate. To shed light on this statistical incongruity, a unique data set consisting of monthly observations from the Current Population Survey is used to extract the labor force participation rates of males and females of three different age categories and three different marital classifications. Impulse functions from vector error-correction models indicate that discouraged workers are more likely though not exclusively to consist of married males and females between 50 and 65 years of age. No statistically significant evidence of a net added-worker effect is found among married females or males in any age group.

Journal

Social Science JournalTaylor & Francis

Published: Sep 1, 2015

Keywords: Discouraged workers; Added workers; Gender; Age; Marital status

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