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Diversity of commensals within nests of ants of the genus Neoponera (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae) in Bahia, Brazil

Diversity of commensals within nests of ants of the genus Neoponera (Hymenoptera: Formicidae:... SummaryNests of ants in the Ponerinae subfamily harbor a rich diversity of invertebrate commensals that maintain a range of interactions which are still poorly known in the Neotropical Region. This study aims to investigate the diversity of these invertebrates in nests of several species of the genus Neoponera and search for possible differences in their commensal fauna composition in two distinct habitats: the understory and the ground level of cocoa tree plantations. From March to December, 2017, nests of Neoponera spp. were collected through inspection of different substrates in a cocoa tree plantation. We compared the composition of the assemblage of commensal invertebrates according to the environment stratum, the substrate of nesting and the species of Neoponera. Twenty-one nests of four species were collected: N. apicalis (1), N. curvinodis (1), N. inversa (3) and N. verenae (16). The invertebrates recorded in the nests of the ants belong to the following taxa – Mollusca: Gastropoda; Annelida: Haplotaxida; Arachnida: Acari, Araneae, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpionida; Chilopoda: Scolopendromorpha; Collembola: Entomobryomorpha, Poduromorpha; Hemiptera; Psocoptera; Hymenoptera; Diptera; and Coleoptera. Nests of Neoponera harbor a large variety of commensals, such as previously unknown species of Collembola in the genera Cyphoderus, Friesea and other Poduromorpha. Differences regarding the diversity of these invertebrates between the two strata were highlighted. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France (N.S.) Taylor & Francis

Diversity of commensals within nests of ants of the genus Neoponera (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae) in Bahia, Brazil

Diversity of commensals within nests of ants of the genus Neoponera (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae) in Bahia, Brazil

Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France (N.S.) , Volume 55 (4): 9 – Jul 4, 2019

Abstract

SummaryNests of ants in the Ponerinae subfamily harbor a rich diversity of invertebrate commensals that maintain a range of interactions which are still poorly known in the Neotropical Region. This study aims to investigate the diversity of these invertebrates in nests of several species of the genus Neoponera and search for possible differences in their commensal fauna composition in two distinct habitats: the understory and the ground level of cocoa tree plantations. From March to December, 2017, nests of Neoponera spp. were collected through inspection of different substrates in a cocoa tree plantation. We compared the composition of the assemblage of commensal invertebrates according to the environment stratum, the substrate of nesting and the species of Neoponera. Twenty-one nests of four species were collected: N. apicalis (1), N. curvinodis (1), N. inversa (3) and N. verenae (16). The invertebrates recorded in the nests of the ants belong to the following taxa – Mollusca: Gastropoda; Annelida: Haplotaxida; Arachnida: Acari, Araneae, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpionida; Chilopoda: Scolopendromorpha; Collembola: Entomobryomorpha, Poduromorpha; Hemiptera; Psocoptera; Hymenoptera; Diptera; and Coleoptera. Nests of Neoponera harbor a large variety of commensals, such as previously unknown species of Collembola in the genera Cyphoderus, Friesea and other Poduromorpha. Differences regarding the diversity of these invertebrates between the two strata were highlighted.

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References (53)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
© 2019 Société entomologique de France
ISSN
2168-6351
eISSN
0037-9271
DOI
10.1080/00379271.2019.1629837
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

SummaryNests of ants in the Ponerinae subfamily harbor a rich diversity of invertebrate commensals that maintain a range of interactions which are still poorly known in the Neotropical Region. This study aims to investigate the diversity of these invertebrates in nests of several species of the genus Neoponera and search for possible differences in their commensal fauna composition in two distinct habitats: the understory and the ground level of cocoa tree plantations. From March to December, 2017, nests of Neoponera spp. were collected through inspection of different substrates in a cocoa tree plantation. We compared the composition of the assemblage of commensal invertebrates according to the environment stratum, the substrate of nesting and the species of Neoponera. Twenty-one nests of four species were collected: N. apicalis (1), N. curvinodis (1), N. inversa (3) and N. verenae (16). The invertebrates recorded in the nests of the ants belong to the following taxa – Mollusca: Gastropoda; Annelida: Haplotaxida; Arachnida: Acari, Araneae, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpionida; Chilopoda: Scolopendromorpha; Collembola: Entomobryomorpha, Poduromorpha; Hemiptera; Psocoptera; Hymenoptera; Diptera; and Coleoptera. Nests of Neoponera harbor a large variety of commensals, such as previously unknown species of Collembola in the genera Cyphoderus, Friesea and other Poduromorpha. Differences regarding the diversity of these invertebrates between the two strata were highlighted.

Journal

Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France (N.S.)Taylor & Francis

Published: Jul 4, 2019

Keywords: myrmecophily; ant nest; host–parasite interactions; Neotropical; agroforestry; Collembola

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