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Efficacy or inefficacy, that's the question: Burnout and work engagement, and their relationships with efficacy beliefs

Efficacy or inefficacy, that's the question: Burnout and work engagement, and their... Abstract We challenge traditional view that lack of efficacy — measured with the corresponding reversed efficacy scale (Maslach Burnout Inventory, MBI) — is a burnout dimension. Instead, we claim that in addition to exhaustion and cynicism, inefficacy — measured with a newly developed scale — characterizes burnout. MBI-efficacy is apparently related to work engagement, considered as the positive antithesis of burnout. We performed Structural Equation Modeling in two samples of Spanish (n=239) and Dutch (n=235) university students, and two Spanish employee samples, working in various jobs (n=342) and working with information and communication technologies (n=283). Our expectations were largely confirmed: (1) compared with efficacy beliefs inefficacy beliefs relate more strongly to the other two burnout components; (2) the alternative three-factor burnout model including inefficacy fits better to the data than the traditional model including efficacy; (3) a model with inefficacy loading on burnout and efficacy loading on engagement fits the data. It is suggested that an inefficacy scale rather than a reversed efficacy scale should be used to assess burnout in future studies. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png "Anxiety, Stress & Coping" Taylor & Francis

Efficacy or inefficacy, that's the question: Burnout and work engagement, and their relationships with efficacy beliefs

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References (66)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
ISSN
1477-2205
eISSN
1061-5806
DOI
10.1080/10615800701217878
pmid
17999223
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract We challenge traditional view that lack of efficacy — measured with the corresponding reversed efficacy scale (Maslach Burnout Inventory, MBI) — is a burnout dimension. Instead, we claim that in addition to exhaustion and cynicism, inefficacy — measured with a newly developed scale — characterizes burnout. MBI-efficacy is apparently related to work engagement, considered as the positive antithesis of burnout. We performed Structural Equation Modeling in two samples of Spanish (n=239) and Dutch (n=235) university students, and two Spanish employee samples, working in various jobs (n=342) and working with information and communication technologies (n=283). Our expectations were largely confirmed: (1) compared with efficacy beliefs inefficacy beliefs relate more strongly to the other two burnout components; (2) the alternative three-factor burnout model including inefficacy fits better to the data than the traditional model including efficacy; (3) a model with inefficacy loading on burnout and efficacy loading on engagement fits the data. It is suggested that an inefficacy scale rather than a reversed efficacy scale should be used to assess burnout in future studies.

Journal

"Anxiety, Stress & Coping"Taylor & Francis

Published: Jun 1, 2007

Keywords: Burnout; work engagement; efficacy; inefficacy

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