Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Intelligent Transportation Systems-Enabled Optimal Emission Pricing Models for Reducing Carbon Footprints in a Bimodal Network

Intelligent Transportation Systems-Enabled Optimal Emission Pricing Models for Reducing Carbon... Scientists and policymakers intend worldwide emissions reduction of up to 80% of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the next four decades to stabilize atmospheric concentrations. Henceforth, an immediate response from the transportation sector, one of the largest producers of GHGs (up to 30% in the United States), is critical for GHGs reduction. Recent advancement in intelligent transportation systems (ITS) offers a technical solution to implement emission pricing effectively in a reasonable period of time. Further, this strategy can foster demand for efficient vehicles and high transit ridership while reducing GHGs emission and generating revenue. Therefore, in this study, we propose models for understanding the reduction of GHGs emission and shifts of private vehicle trips to transit by implementing ITS-based optimal emission pricing to reduce GHGs emission by a certain percentage in a composite transportation network (transit and highway network). The bilevel models presented in this study take into account the planner's policy decision and the road user's response to such policies in a simple and methodologically robust framework. The complex decision of choosing transit over private vehicle and road user behavior in the study has been studied by mode split functions and the classical user equilibrium principle. The performance of proposed models is compared to the base case (do nothing); reductions in total GHGs emission by optimal emission pricing shows efficacy of the models. The presented methodology in this article is generalizable and can be applied to any transportation network. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Taylor & Francis

Intelligent Transportation Systems-Enabled Optimal Emission Pricing Models for Reducing Carbon Footprints in a Bimodal Network

11 pages

Loading next page...
 
/lp/taylor-francis/intelligent-transportation-systems-enabled-optimal-emission-pricing-0CCv03SJfz

References (24)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
ISSN
1547-2442
eISSN
1547-2450
DOI
10.1080/15472450.2012.708618
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Scientists and policymakers intend worldwide emissions reduction of up to 80% of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the next four decades to stabilize atmospheric concentrations. Henceforth, an immediate response from the transportation sector, one of the largest producers of GHGs (up to 30% in the United States), is critical for GHGs reduction. Recent advancement in intelligent transportation systems (ITS) offers a technical solution to implement emission pricing effectively in a reasonable period of time. Further, this strategy can foster demand for efficient vehicles and high transit ridership while reducing GHGs emission and generating revenue. Therefore, in this study, we propose models for understanding the reduction of GHGs emission and shifts of private vehicle trips to transit by implementing ITS-based optimal emission pricing to reduce GHGs emission by a certain percentage in a composite transportation network (transit and highway network). The bilevel models presented in this study take into account the planner's policy decision and the road user's response to such policies in a simple and methodologically robust framework. The complex decision of choosing transit over private vehicle and road user behavior in the study has been studied by mode split functions and the classical user equilibrium principle. The performance of proposed models is compared to the base case (do nothing); reductions in total GHGs emission by optimal emission pricing shows efficacy of the models. The presented methodology in this article is generalizable and can be applied to any transportation network.

Journal

Journal of Intelligent Transportation SystemsTaylor & Francis

Published: Jan 1, 2013

Keywords: Greenhouse Gases; Mode Choice; Optimal Emission Pricing; Transit; User Equilibrium

There are no references for this article.