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IRRATIONAL EXUBERANCE?

IRRATIONAL EXUBERANCE? The 2010 Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) produced a Final Document calling for an extension of the principles of the nonproliferation norm as well as steps toward complete disarmament. This article looks beyond the rhetoric, however, to examine recent decisions by great powers to expand nuclear trade with non-NPT countries and the implications of these decisions on the traditional nonproliferation norm of restraint. This article seeks to contribute to constructivist theory by supplementing existing accounts of norm creation and establishment with a new model of norm change. The article develops a case study of the 2008 US-India nuclear deal to highlight the role of elite agency in key stages of norm change, including redefinition and constructive substitution through contestation. It concludes that the traditional nonproliferation norm may be evolving in new directions that are not well captured by existing theoretical frames. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Nonproliferation Review Taylor & Francis

IRRATIONAL EXUBERANCE?

The Nonproliferation Review , Volume 18 (2): 21 – Jul 1, 2011
21 pages

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References (69)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
Copyright The Monterey Institute of International Studies, Center for Nonproliferation Studies
ISSN
1746-1766
eISSN
1073-6700
DOI
10.1080/10736700.2011.583119
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The 2010 Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) produced a Final Document calling for an extension of the principles of the nonproliferation norm as well as steps toward complete disarmament. This article looks beyond the rhetoric, however, to examine recent decisions by great powers to expand nuclear trade with non-NPT countries and the implications of these decisions on the traditional nonproliferation norm of restraint. This article seeks to contribute to constructivist theory by supplementing existing accounts of norm creation and establishment with a new model of norm change. The article develops a case study of the 2008 US-India nuclear deal to highlight the role of elite agency in key stages of norm change, including redefinition and constructive substitution through contestation. It concludes that the traditional nonproliferation norm may be evolving in new directions that are not well captured by existing theoretical frames.

Journal

The Nonproliferation ReviewTaylor & Francis

Published: Jul 1, 2011

Keywords: Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons; history and theory; nonproliferation regime; India; United States; norms

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