Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Subscribe now for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Micro-CT reveals hidden morphology and clarifies the phylogenetic position of Baltic amber water scavenger beetles (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae)

Micro-CT reveals hidden morphology and clarifies the phylogenetic position of Baltic amber water... Water scavenger beetles (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae) are a broadly distributed group with high extant diversity. However, reliable records from Baltic amber (Eocene) are scarce and limited to two undescribed species previously reported in the literature. Here we study these two specimens plus four additional ones. All specimens were sub-optimal in terms of preservation and visibility of their morphology using traditional light microscopy. Opaque bubbles, cracks in the amber pieces and contracted appendages obscured most of the crucial characters, preventing their formal description and making them prone to misidentification. Here we used X-ray micro-computed tomography (μCT) to reconstruct the morphology of the embedded specimens and described three new species: Anacaena morla sp. nov., Crenitis profechuyi sp. nov. and Helochares fog sp. nov. Micro-CT reconstructions allowed us to visualise the morphology of the specimens to an extent where it was possible to hypothesise possible phylogenetic relations of the new taxa as well as the biogeographic implications of these relationships. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Historical Biology Taylor & Francis

Micro-CT reveals hidden morphology and clarifies the phylogenetic position of Baltic amber water scavenger beetles (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae)

Micro-CT reveals hidden morphology and clarifies the phylogenetic position of Baltic amber water scavenger beetles (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae)

Historical Biology , Volume 33 (9): 17 – Sep 2, 2021

Abstract

Water scavenger beetles (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae) are a broadly distributed group with high extant diversity. However, reliable records from Baltic amber (Eocene) are scarce and limited to two undescribed species previously reported in the literature. Here we study these two specimens plus four additional ones. All specimens were sub-optimal in terms of preservation and visibility of their morphology using traditional light microscopy. Opaque bubbles, cracks in the amber pieces and contracted appendages obscured most of the crucial characters, preventing their formal description and making them prone to misidentification. Here we used X-ray micro-computed tomography (μCT) to reconstruct the morphology of the embedded specimens and described three new species: Anacaena morla sp. nov., Crenitis profechuyi sp. nov. and Helochares fog sp. nov. Micro-CT reconstructions allowed us to visualise the morphology of the specimens to an extent where it was possible to hypothesise possible phylogenetic relations of the new taxa as well as the biogeographic implications of these relationships.

Loading next page...
 
/lp/taylor-francis/micro-ct-reveals-hidden-morphology-and-clarifies-the-phylogenetic-4S331DRkEg

References (60)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
© 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
ISSN
1029-2381
eISSN
0891-2963
DOI
10.1080/08912963.2019.1699921
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Water scavenger beetles (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae) are a broadly distributed group with high extant diversity. However, reliable records from Baltic amber (Eocene) are scarce and limited to two undescribed species previously reported in the literature. Here we study these two specimens plus four additional ones. All specimens were sub-optimal in terms of preservation and visibility of their morphology using traditional light microscopy. Opaque bubbles, cracks in the amber pieces and contracted appendages obscured most of the crucial characters, preventing their formal description and making them prone to misidentification. Here we used X-ray micro-computed tomography (μCT) to reconstruct the morphology of the embedded specimens and described three new species: Anacaena morla sp. nov., Crenitis profechuyi sp. nov. and Helochares fog sp. nov. Micro-CT reconstructions allowed us to visualise the morphology of the specimens to an extent where it was possible to hypothesise possible phylogenetic relations of the new taxa as well as the biogeographic implications of these relationships.

Journal

Historical BiologyTaylor & Francis

Published: Sep 2, 2021

Keywords: Eocene; Hydrophiloidea; Chaetarthriinae; Acidocerinae; X-ray μCT

There are no references for this article.