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On the Shortcomings of Shortened Tests: A Literature Review

On the Shortcomings of Shortened Tests: A Literature Review To efficiently assess multiple psychological constructs and to minimize the burden on respondents, psychologists increasingly use shortened versions of existing tests. However, compared to the longer test, a shorter test version may have a substantial impact on the reliability and the validity of the test scores in psychological research and individual decision making. In this study, we reviewed the psychological literature for recent trends in the use of short tests and examined in depth how and to what extent test constructors and test users addressed the impact on reliability and validity, other potential consequences of using short tests. The sample consisted of shortened tests found in six peer-reviewed psychological journals in the period 2005–2010. Based on our review, we provided recommendations for psychologists considering test shortening. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Testing Taylor & Francis

On the Shortcomings of Shortened Tests: A Literature Review

26 pages

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References (62)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
ISSN
1532-7574
eISSN
1530-5058
DOI
10.1080/15305058.2012.703734
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

To efficiently assess multiple psychological constructs and to minimize the burden on respondents, psychologists increasingly use shortened versions of existing tests. However, compared to the longer test, a shorter test version may have a substantial impact on the reliability and the validity of the test scores in psychological research and individual decision making. In this study, we reviewed the psychological literature for recent trends in the use of short tests and examined in depth how and to what extent test constructors and test users addressed the impact on reliability and validity, other potential consequences of using short tests. The sample consisted of shortened tests found in six peer-reviewed psychological journals in the period 2005–2010. Based on our review, we provided recommendations for psychologists considering test shortening.

Journal

International Journal of TestingTaylor & Francis

Published: Jul 1, 2013

Keywords: literature review; psychological tests; reliability of short tests; test shortening; validity of short tests

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