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Oral status, oral infections and some lifestyle factors as risk factors for oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. A population-based case-control study in southern Sweden

Oral status, oral infections and some lifestyle factors as risk factors for oral and... Conclusion. Our results show that average and poor oral hygiene and inadequate dental status are independent risk factors for oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OOSCC), irrespective of tobacco and alcohol consumption. Objective. To evaluate a possible relationship between oral cancer, oral hygiene, dental status, oral mucosal lesions and some lifestyle factors in a population-based case-control study. Material and methods. Between September 2000 and January 2004, 132/165 (80%) of all incident cases of OOSCC and 320/396 (81%) of the intended eligible matched controls participated in the study. Cases and controls were subjected to an identical oral examination. A standardized protocol specially designed for the study was used. Results. After adjusting for tobacco and alcohol consumption, average oral hygiene (OR 2.0; 95% CI 1.1–3.6) and poor oral hygiene (OR 5.3; 95% CI 2.5–11.3) emerged as significant risk factors for OOSCC. More than 20 lost teeth (OR 3.4; 95% CI 1.4–8.5), >5 defective teeth (OR 3.1; 95% CI 1.2–8.2) and poorly fitting or defective complete dentures (OR 3.8; 95% CI 1.3–11.4) were significant risk factors. Regular dental check-ups were associated with a decreased risk of OOSCC (OR 0.4; 95% CI 0.2–0.6). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Acta Oto-Laryngologica Taylor & Francis

Oral status, oral infections and some lifestyle factors as risk factors for oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. A population-based case-control study in southern Sweden

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References (29)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
© 2005 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted
ISSN
1651-2251
eISSN
0001-6489
DOI
10.1080/00016480510012273
pmid
16303683
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Conclusion. Our results show that average and poor oral hygiene and inadequate dental status are independent risk factors for oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OOSCC), irrespective of tobacco and alcohol consumption. Objective. To evaluate a possible relationship between oral cancer, oral hygiene, dental status, oral mucosal lesions and some lifestyle factors in a population-based case-control study. Material and methods. Between September 2000 and January 2004, 132/165 (80%) of all incident cases of OOSCC and 320/396 (81%) of the intended eligible matched controls participated in the study. Cases and controls were subjected to an identical oral examination. A standardized protocol specially designed for the study was used. Results. After adjusting for tobacco and alcohol consumption, average oral hygiene (OR 2.0; 95% CI 1.1–3.6) and poor oral hygiene (OR 5.3; 95% CI 2.5–11.3) emerged as significant risk factors for OOSCC. More than 20 lost teeth (OR 3.4; 95% CI 1.4–8.5), >5 defective teeth (OR 3.1; 95% CI 1.2–8.2) and poorly fitting or defective complete dentures (OR 3.8; 95% CI 1.3–11.4) were significant risk factors. Regular dental check-ups were associated with a decreased risk of OOSCC (OR 0.4; 95% CI 0.2–0.6).

Journal

Acta Oto-LaryngologicaTaylor & Francis

Published: Jan 1, 2005

Keywords: Dental status; education; epidemiology; human papillomavirus; mucosal lesions; oral cancer; oral hygiene

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