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Remote defect visualization of standard composite coupons using a mobile pulse-echo ultrasonic propagation imager

Remote defect visualization of standard composite coupons using a mobile pulse-echo ultrasonic... A new laser-ultrasonic-based defect monitoring system, a mobile pulse-echo ultrasonic propagation imager, has been developed to evaluate damage to composite and metallic structures. The system integrates a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser for the generation of thermoelastic waves, a laser Doppler vibrometry sensor for sensing ultrasound and a two-axis translation stage for raster scanning of the combined generation and sensing laser beams. The system allows scanning of both ultrasound generation and sensing laser beams simultaneously. Thus, a full-field pulse-echo ultrasound, as large as the scan area, can be generated that visualizes the longitudinal wave propagation through the thickness. The full-field pulse-echo ultrasonic wave propagation imaging algorithm is used for real-time structural damage evaluation. Four F-16 Lockheed Martin aircraft reference standard composite specimens with different shapes, sizes, thicknesses, compositions, and aspect ratio of damages were tested: the stepped graphite-to-aluminum, the graphite-to-graphite, and the steel-to-graphite composite panel with flat bottom holes and the graphite-to-aluminum core sandwich structure with core missing. Moreover, the effects of laser pulse energy on damage visualization using the system has been presented and tested on the 4-mm-thick aluminum plate with 2-mm-thick wall-thinning. The proposed system successfully detected and visualized all the artificially introduced defects in the standard coupons. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Advanced Composite Materials Taylor & Francis

Remote defect visualization of standard composite coupons using a mobile pulse-echo ultrasonic propagation imager

Remote defect visualization of standard composite coupons using a mobile pulse-echo ultrasonic propagation imager

Advanced Composite Materials , Volume 26 (sup1): 13 – May 10, 2017

Abstract

A new laser-ultrasonic-based defect monitoring system, a mobile pulse-echo ultrasonic propagation imager, has been developed to evaluate damage to composite and metallic structures. The system integrates a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser for the generation of thermoelastic waves, a laser Doppler vibrometry sensor for sensing ultrasound and a two-axis translation stage for raster scanning of the combined generation and sensing laser beams. The system allows scanning of both ultrasound generation and sensing laser beams simultaneously. Thus, a full-field pulse-echo ultrasound, as large as the scan area, can be generated that visualizes the longitudinal wave propagation through the thickness. The full-field pulse-echo ultrasonic wave propagation imaging algorithm is used for real-time structural damage evaluation. Four F-16 Lockheed Martin aircraft reference standard composite specimens with different shapes, sizes, thicknesses, compositions, and aspect ratio of damages were tested: the stepped graphite-to-aluminum, the graphite-to-graphite, and the steel-to-graphite composite panel with flat bottom holes and the graphite-to-aluminum core sandwich structure with core missing. Moreover, the effects of laser pulse energy on damage visualization using the system has been presented and tested on the 4-mm-thick aluminum plate with 2-mm-thick wall-thinning. The proposed system successfully detected and visualized all the artificially introduced defects in the standard coupons.

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References (23)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
© 2017 Japan Society for Composite Materials, Korean Society for Composite Materials and Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
ISSN
1568-5519
eISSN
0924-3046
DOI
10.1080/09243046.2017.1313574
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A new laser-ultrasonic-based defect monitoring system, a mobile pulse-echo ultrasonic propagation imager, has been developed to evaluate damage to composite and metallic structures. The system integrates a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser for the generation of thermoelastic waves, a laser Doppler vibrometry sensor for sensing ultrasound and a two-axis translation stage for raster scanning of the combined generation and sensing laser beams. The system allows scanning of both ultrasound generation and sensing laser beams simultaneously. Thus, a full-field pulse-echo ultrasound, as large as the scan area, can be generated that visualizes the longitudinal wave propagation through the thickness. The full-field pulse-echo ultrasonic wave propagation imaging algorithm is used for real-time structural damage evaluation. Four F-16 Lockheed Martin aircraft reference standard composite specimens with different shapes, sizes, thicknesses, compositions, and aspect ratio of damages were tested: the stepped graphite-to-aluminum, the graphite-to-graphite, and the steel-to-graphite composite panel with flat bottom holes and the graphite-to-aluminum core sandwich structure with core missing. Moreover, the effects of laser pulse energy on damage visualization using the system has been presented and tested on the 4-mm-thick aluminum plate with 2-mm-thick wall-thinning. The proposed system successfully detected and visualized all the artificially introduced defects in the standard coupons.

Journal

Advanced Composite MaterialsTaylor & Francis

Published: May 10, 2017

Keywords: mobile pulse-echo ultrasonic propagation imager; longitudinal wave propagation; combined generation and sensing laser beams; composite damage visualization; standard NDE coupons

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