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Screening for the Early Detection of Cancer

Screening for the Early Detection of Cancer Cancer Investigation, 4(3), 225-238 (1986) BlOSTATlSTlCS Screening for the Early Detection of Cancer Philip C. Prorok, Ph.D. and Robert J. Connor, D.Eng. Biometry Branch Division of Cancer Prevention and Control National Cancer Institute Bethesda, Maryland 20892-4200 INTRODUCTION DEFINITION OF CANCER SCREENING The early detection of disease has long been a goal of In any discussion of screening, one must first be clear medical scientists. Moving the point of diagnosis backward about the definition being used. Several definitions of in time so that disease is treated at an earlier stage is com- screening have been offered (1,2). The definition recom- monly believed to result in therapy which is more effec- mended here is that screening is the testing of apparently tive than when initiated at a later stage. This is particularly healthy volunteers from the general population for the pur- true when the disease being detected early is cancer. Thus, pose of separating them into groups with high and low there is a strong belief that the development of cancer probabilities of having a given disorder. The encounter screening programs will result in a decline in cancer mor- is initiated by those who do the tests with the objective tality. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cancer Investigation Taylor & Francis

Screening for the Early Detection of Cancer

Cancer Investigation , Volume 4 (3): 14 – Jan 1, 1986

Screening for the Early Detection of Cancer

Cancer Investigation , Volume 4 (3): 14 – Jan 1, 1986

Abstract

Cancer Investigation, 4(3), 225-238 (1986) BlOSTATlSTlCS Screening for the Early Detection of Cancer Philip C. Prorok, Ph.D. and Robert J. Connor, D.Eng. Biometry Branch Division of Cancer Prevention and Control National Cancer Institute Bethesda, Maryland 20892-4200 INTRODUCTION DEFINITION OF CANCER SCREENING The early detection of disease has long been a goal of In any discussion of screening, one must first be clear medical scientists. Moving the point of diagnosis backward about the definition being used. Several definitions of in time so that disease is treated at an earlier stage is com- screening have been offered (1,2). The definition recom- monly believed to result in therapy which is more effec- mended here is that screening is the testing of apparently tive than when initiated at a later stage. This is particularly healthy volunteers from the general population for the pur- true when the disease being detected early is cancer. Thus, pose of separating them into groups with high and low there is a strong belief that the development of cancer probabilities of having a given disorder. The encounter screening programs will result in a decline in cancer mor- is initiated by those who do the tests with the objective tality.

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References (58)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
© 1986 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted
ISSN
1532-4192
eISSN
0735-7907
DOI
10.3109/07357908609018453
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Cancer Investigation, 4(3), 225-238 (1986) BlOSTATlSTlCS Screening for the Early Detection of Cancer Philip C. Prorok, Ph.D. and Robert J. Connor, D.Eng. Biometry Branch Division of Cancer Prevention and Control National Cancer Institute Bethesda, Maryland 20892-4200 INTRODUCTION DEFINITION OF CANCER SCREENING The early detection of disease has long been a goal of In any discussion of screening, one must first be clear medical scientists. Moving the point of diagnosis backward about the definition being used. Several definitions of in time so that disease is treated at an earlier stage is com- screening have been offered (1,2). The definition recom- monly believed to result in therapy which is more effec- mended here is that screening is the testing of apparently tive than when initiated at a later stage. This is particularly healthy volunteers from the general population for the pur- true when the disease being detected early is cancer. Thus, pose of separating them into groups with high and low there is a strong belief that the development of cancer probabilities of having a given disorder. The encounter screening programs will result in a decline in cancer mor- is initiated by those who do the tests with the objective tality.

Journal

Cancer InvestigationTaylor & Francis

Published: Jan 1, 1986

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