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Survival of children with a Wilms tumor in Blantyre, Malawi

Survival of children with a Wilms tumor in Blantyre, Malawi AbstractWilms tumor (WT) has a survival rate above 90% in high income countries. Reported survival rates in sub-Saharan Africa are much lower and long-term outcome is not well known as follow-up is challenging. In Blantyre, Malawi, an adapted WT treatment guideline with preoperative chemotherapy, supportive care, and strategies to enable children and parents to complete treatment was introduced in 2006. Between 2006 and 2011, 73 children with a unilateral WT were treated. Follow-up, including home visits when needed, was done. Median follow-up time is 5 years (range 14–95 months). Two and five-year event free survivals are 46 and 42%. Causes of treatment failure are: 7% (5/73) abandonment of treatment, 15% (11/73) death during treatment and 30% (22/73) disease-related deaths (persistent disease and relapse). Long-term follow-up is challenging but necessary to be able to assess outcome and the true impact of interventions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Pediatric Hematology & Oncology Taylor & Francis

Survival of children with a Wilms tumor in Blantyre, Malawi

Survival of children with a Wilms tumor in Blantyre, Malawi

Pediatric Hematology & Oncology , Volume 35 (3): 7 – Nov 20, 2018

Abstract

AbstractWilms tumor (WT) has a survival rate above 90% in high income countries. Reported survival rates in sub-Saharan Africa are much lower and long-term outcome is not well known as follow-up is challenging. In Blantyre, Malawi, an adapted WT treatment guideline with preoperative chemotherapy, supportive care, and strategies to enable children and parents to complete treatment was introduced in 2006. Between 2006 and 2011, 73 children with a unilateral WT were treated. Follow-up, including home visits when needed, was done. Median follow-up time is 5 years (range 14–95 months). Two and five-year event free survivals are 46 and 42%. Causes of treatment failure are: 7% (5/73) abandonment of treatment, 15% (11/73) death during treatment and 30% (22/73) disease-related deaths (persistent disease and relapse). Long-term follow-up is challenging but necessary to be able to assess outcome and the true impact of interventions.

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References (12)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
© 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
ISSN
1521-0669
eISSN
0888-0018
DOI
10.1080/08880018.2018.1498564
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractWilms tumor (WT) has a survival rate above 90% in high income countries. Reported survival rates in sub-Saharan Africa are much lower and long-term outcome is not well known as follow-up is challenging. In Blantyre, Malawi, an adapted WT treatment guideline with preoperative chemotherapy, supportive care, and strategies to enable children and parents to complete treatment was introduced in 2006. Between 2006 and 2011, 73 children with a unilateral WT were treated. Follow-up, including home visits when needed, was done. Median follow-up time is 5 years (range 14–95 months). Two and five-year event free survivals are 46 and 42%. Causes of treatment failure are: 7% (5/73) abandonment of treatment, 15% (11/73) death during treatment and 30% (22/73) disease-related deaths (persistent disease and relapse). Long-term follow-up is challenging but necessary to be able to assess outcome and the true impact of interventions.

Journal

Pediatric Hematology & OncologyTaylor & Francis

Published: Nov 20, 2018

Keywords: Wilms tumor; low income countries; survival; abandonment; adapted treatment guidelines

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