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The Political Genesis of Air Raid Precautions and the York Raid of 1942

The Political Genesis of Air Raid Precautions and the York Raid of 1942 Northern History, XXXVI: 2, September 2000 THE POLITICAL GENESIS OF AIR RAID PRECAUTIONS AND THE YORK RAID OF 1942 CHRISTOPHER PRICE York ON THE EARLY MORNING of 29 April 1942 the city of York endured its only large-scale air raid of World War Two, one of the 'Baedeker' series aimed at English cultural centres. The sounding of sirens and the first fall of bombs occurred simultaneously at 2.42 a.m., and the undefended city was then subjected to a harrowing night of violence in which 100 people were killed and as many more seriously injured. This was a heavy toll, comparable to assaults on larger population centres. But the raid was also a grim audit of the political and budgetary conflicts which had shaped Air Raid Precautions CARP) before the War. The impact of these formative troubles was particularly evident in York. The ancient city was a county borough, responsible for its own ARP, and this, coupled, with its openness to assault provides almost a laboratory example of the effects of pre-war British policy in civil defence. In that sense, the experience of York tells much of the political culture of a nation pushed reluctantly towards war. The German attack http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Northern History Taylor & Francis

The Political Genesis of Air Raid Precautions and the York Raid of 1942

Northern History , Volume 36 (2): 19 – Sep 1, 2000
19 pages

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Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
© 2000 Maney Publishing
ISSN
1745-8706
eISSN
0078-172X
DOI
10.1179/007817200790177851
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Northern History, XXXVI: 2, September 2000 THE POLITICAL GENESIS OF AIR RAID PRECAUTIONS AND THE YORK RAID OF 1942 CHRISTOPHER PRICE York ON THE EARLY MORNING of 29 April 1942 the city of York endured its only large-scale air raid of World War Two, one of the 'Baedeker' series aimed at English cultural centres. The sounding of sirens and the first fall of bombs occurred simultaneously at 2.42 a.m., and the undefended city was then subjected to a harrowing night of violence in which 100 people were killed and as many more seriously injured. This was a heavy toll, comparable to assaults on larger population centres. But the raid was also a grim audit of the political and budgetary conflicts which had shaped Air Raid Precautions CARP) before the War. The impact of these formative troubles was particularly evident in York. The ancient city was a county borough, responsible for its own ARP, and this, coupled, with its openness to assault provides almost a laboratory example of the effects of pre-war British policy in civil defence. In that sense, the experience of York tells much of the political culture of a nation pushed reluctantly towards war. The German attack

Journal

Northern HistoryTaylor & Francis

Published: Sep 1, 2000

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