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Women's Paid Work and Intimate Partner Violence: Insights from Tanzania

Women's Paid Work and Intimate Partner Violence: Insights from Tanzania Theoretical and empirical research provide conflicting views on whether women who do paid work are less at risk from violence by an intimate partner in low- and middle-income countries. Economic household-bargaining models propose increased access to monetary resources will enhance women's “agency” and hence their bargaining power within the household, which reduces their vulnerability to intimate-partner violence. Feminist theorists also argue, however, that culture, context, and social norms can impede women's ability to access and benefit from employment. This study uses semi-structured interviews conducted in 2009 to explore the implications of paid work among women market traders in Dar es Salaam and Mbeya, Tanzania. While in this sample, informal-sector work did not result in women being able to fully exercise agency, their access to money did have a positive effect on their lives and reduced one major source of conflict and trigger for violence: that of negotiating money from men. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Feminist Economics Taylor & Francis

Women's Paid Work and Intimate Partner Violence: Insights from Tanzania

Feminist Economics , Volume 21 (1): 24 – Jan 2, 2015
24 pages

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References (28)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
© 2014 IAFFE
ISSN
1466-4372
eISSN
1354-5701
DOI
10.1080/13545701.2014.935796
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Theoretical and empirical research provide conflicting views on whether women who do paid work are less at risk from violence by an intimate partner in low- and middle-income countries. Economic household-bargaining models propose increased access to monetary resources will enhance women's “agency” and hence their bargaining power within the household, which reduces their vulnerability to intimate-partner violence. Feminist theorists also argue, however, that culture, context, and social norms can impede women's ability to access and benefit from employment. This study uses semi-structured interviews conducted in 2009 to explore the implications of paid work among women market traders in Dar es Salaam and Mbeya, Tanzania. While in this sample, informal-sector work did not result in women being able to fully exercise agency, their access to money did have a positive effect on their lives and reduced one major source of conflict and trigger for violence: that of negotiating money from men.

Journal

Feminist EconomicsTaylor & Francis

Published: Jan 2, 2015

Keywords: Bargaining power; employment; gender relations; violence against women; Tanzania; B54; C78; J16

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