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Wooden Artifacts from Asx̂aana x̂ Cave, Islands of the Four Mountains, Alaska

Wooden Artifacts from Asx̂aana x̂ Cave, Islands of the Four Mountains, Alaska Abstract: Asx̂aana x̂ Cave, a burial cave in the Islands of the Four Mountains, was excavated in 1990. One radiocarbon date for a burial in the front area of the cave is 700±60 BP (Beta-39962). Due to the conditions in the cave, there was excellent preservation of organic materials, though these had been considerably disturbed. Wooden artifacts include boat parts and paddles, bent-wood and carved trays, bowls and baskets, netting tools, and ceremonial objects. The iqya-x̂ (baidarkas) are definitely Unangan but with peculiarities unique to the Islands of the Four Mountains; the carved Halibut bowl and many of the ceremonial objects bear strong resemblance to artifacts from Karluk One on Kodiak. The distribution of the wooden artifacts within the cave deposits suggests that the three areas excavated within the cave were used for burial by different family groups. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Arctic Anthropology University of Wisconsin Press

Wooden Artifacts from Asx̂aana x̂ Cave, Islands of the Four Mountains, Alaska

Arctic Anthropology , Volume 53 (2) – Apr 21, 2016

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Publisher
University of Wisconsin Press
Copyright
University of Wisconsin System
ISSN
1933-8139
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Abstract

Abstract: Asx̂aana x̂ Cave, a burial cave in the Islands of the Four Mountains, was excavated in 1990. One radiocarbon date for a burial in the front area of the cave is 700±60 BP (Beta-39962). Due to the conditions in the cave, there was excellent preservation of organic materials, though these had been considerably disturbed. Wooden artifacts include boat parts and paddles, bent-wood and carved trays, bowls and baskets, netting tools, and ceremonial objects. The iqya-x̂ (baidarkas) are definitely Unangan but with peculiarities unique to the Islands of the Four Mountains; the carved Halibut bowl and many of the ceremonial objects bear strong resemblance to artifacts from Karluk One on Kodiak. The distribution of the wooden artifacts within the cave deposits suggests that the three areas excavated within the cave were used for burial by different family groups.

Journal

Arctic AnthropologyUniversity of Wisconsin Press

Published: Apr 21, 2016

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