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A Contribution to the flora of Rajouri and Poonch districts in the Pir Panjal Himalaya (Jammu & Kashmir), India

A Contribution to the flora of Rajouri and Poonch districts in the Pir Panjal Himalaya (Jammu... Check List 10(2): 317–328, 2014 © 2014 Check List and Authors Chec List ISSN 1809-127X (available at www.checklist.org.br) Journal of species lists and distribution A Contribution to the Flora of Rajouri and Poonch ie Districts in the Pir Panjal Himalaya (Jammu & Kashmir), India 1* 2 2 Gh. Hassan Dar , Akhtar H. Malik and Anzar A. Khuroo 1 Mahatma Gandhi Chair on Ecology & Environment, Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah University, Rajouri-185 234, Jammu & Kashmir, India. 2 Centre for Biodiversity and Taxonomy, University of Kashmir, Hazratbal, Srinagar -190 006, Jammu & Kashmir, India. * Corresponding author. E-mail: profdar99@gmail.com Abstract: The current paper provides a taxonomic inventory of the vascular plant species collected by the authors during the last two decades from the Rajouri and Poonch districts, located along the Pir Panjal range in the Indian Himalayan State of Jammu and Kashmir. The inventory records a total of 352 species, which belong to 270 genera in 83 families. Of the total taxa, the angiosperms are represented by 331 species in 253 genera and 77 families; gymnosperms by 12 species in 9 genera and 3 families; and pteridophytes by 9 species in 7 genera and 3 families. Asteraceae is the largest family, contributing 42 species; while Artemisia is the largest genus, with 5 species. The inventory is expected to provide baseline scientific data for further studies on plant diversity in these two border districts, and can be used to facilitate the long-term conservation and sustainable use of plant resources in this Himalayan region. Introduction Trikuta hills, presenting a good floristic account of the Of the various environmental problems faced in modern plants harboring these hills and the surroundings of Shri times, the loss of biodiversity is the most serious one. The Vaishno Devi Shrine. Swami and Gupta (1998) published unprecedented rate of species extinction, mainly driven by the Flora of Udhampur district, which is a useful treatise unbridled human activities, is fraught with grave economic on the higher plants of this region. Bhellum and Magotra and ecological consequences. The global diversity of biota (2012) catalogued the flowering plants of Doda, Kishtwar on the planet Earth is, however, so vast that only 1.7 % and Ramban districts, dealing with floristic richness of of it is scientifically known (Dar and Farooq 1997); this these three adjacent districts in the Chenab Valley. poses problems in assessing the taxa that are lost. Given The Rajouri and Poonch, however, are floristically such a perilous state of affairs, taxonomic inventory of the least surveyed districts in the Jammu province, with biodiversity has gained much urgency worldwide. The scanty and scattered information available on their flora situation is particularly pronounced in the developing [Singh and Kirn (1981); Kirn (1992); Singh (1992); Vir world, which coincidentally harbors the richest but the Jee et al. (1984); Dar et al. (2009); Malik et al. (2010)]. All most threatened biodiversity (Khuroo et al. 2008). these publications are preliminary short communications, In the Himalaya, recognized as a global biodiversity none having attempted an inventory of plants occurring hotspot (Mittermeier et al. 2005), crucial taxonomic in these two districts. To bridge this knowledge gap, the information about many of its regions is still not available. results of the plant surveys and collections from these The Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir (J & K) in the two districts for over two decades are consolidated in the Western Himalaya is one such region which has been present paper, with a view to facilitate complete floristic recognized as floristically under-explored by the Botanical inventorization of the whole region. Survey of India (Dar et al. 2012). Biogeographically, J & K State comprises three distinct provinces: the subtropical Materials and Methods Jammu, the predominantly temperate Kashmir, and the Study Area cold-arid Ladakh. Owing to great variety of habitats all The Rajouri and Poonch districts are located on the along these provinces, the State is very rich in floristic southerly foothills of the Pir Panjal Himalaya in the Indian diversity. Its flora has attracted the attention of many State of Jammu and Kashmir. The two districts represent foreign and local botanists since the last about two a transition zone between the subtropical Jammu and centuries. Many of its plants are cited in the illustrious the temperate Kashmir provinces. Whereas the Rajouri works of Hooker (1872-97) and Stewart (1972). district is located at 32°57 to 33°34’ N latitudes and In J & K State, Jammu province possesses the greatest 74°00′ to 74°48′ E longitudes, the Poonch district is floristic richness. Several taxonomic studies dealing with located between 33°28’ to 34°00 N latitudes and 73°56′ floristic diversity of this province have been carried out to 74°32′ E longitudes (Figure 1). The Rajouri district over the last three decades. Sharma and Kachroo (1981- comprises seven tehsils, which cover a total area of 2,630 2 2 82) published the Flora of Jammu and adjacent areas, km , out of which forests constitute 1,267 km (48.17 providing taxonomic details in Vol. 1 and illustrations %). The Poonch district on the other hand comprises in Vol. 2. Kapur and Sarin (1990) dealt with the flora of four tehsils, which cover a total area of 1,674 km out of L Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India herbarium techniques, and identified at the Centre for Biodiversity and Taxonomy, University of Kashmir, using relevant Floras and other available taxonomic literature (Hooker, 1872-97; Stewart, 1972; Sharma and Kachroo, 1981-82) and online resources, such as Flora of Pakistan and Flora of China. Identifications were in some cases verified against previously identified herbarium specimens at the Kashmir University Herbarium (KASH). The exsiccatae of all the plant species included in this paper are deposited in KASH. Results The present paper for the first time provides an inventory of 352 species of vascular plants collected by the authors from various areas in the Rajouri and Poonch districts of Jammu provice in the J & K State. Taxonomic enumeration The sequence of plant groups in this enumeration starts with pteridophytes, followed by gymnosperms and then angiosperms. Within each of these plant groups, the families, genera and species are arranged alphabetically Figure 1. Location map of the study area: a) Jammu and Kashmir (J & K) State, India; b) Rajouri and Poonch districts. in tabular form. For each of the species, its current valid name and author citation is provided in the first column; while in the second column details of exsiccatae are given, which forests are spread over 951 km (56.81 %). Both inculding district and local area of collection, altitude of these districts are strongly undulated to mountainous, the area, date of collection, name of the collector(s) and with most of the population (about 96 %) living in isolated collection number (s) [Table 1]. For some species, brief villages (Anonymous, 2012). The topography is varied and helpful field/lab taxonomic notes are also appended. with peculiar physical features; most of the cultivated land exisiting in upland areas, with maize being the staple food Discussion of people in the area. The climate in both these districts Rajouri and Poonch, two border districts located is broadly subtropical, although the foothill areas along on southerly foothills of the Pir Panjal Himalaya are the Pir Panjal range show dry temperate conditions, while botanically the least surveyed areas in the Jammu province subalpine and alpine conditions prevail higher up in the of Jammu & Kashmir State, with very little and preliminary mountains. information available on their flora. Singh and Kirn (1981) The vegetation usually comprises Chir-pine (Pinus provided a list of some alpine plants of Poonch; Kirn roxburghii) forests, broad-leaved deciduous forests, broad- (1992) presented a brief account of some medicinal plants leaved evergreen forests, scrub forests, interspersed with of Pir Panjal Range; Singh (1992) gave an introductory frequent grassland patches and agricultural croplands. account of some wild flowering plants of Rajouri; Vir Jee The Pir Panjal mountain range, generally with steep slopes et al. (1984) reported their concise taxo-ethnobotanical and gradual ascendance in altitude, exhibits a climatic observations made in some rural areas of Rajouri; Dar gradient from temperate through subalpine to alpine in et al. (2009) published an abstract of the inventory of the uppermost reaches. Commensurate with these wide higher plants of Rajouri; while Malik et al. (2010) listed climatic conditions, the flora of the region depicts rich some woody plants of Rajouri and Poonch in their paper diversity. on woody flora of Jammu & Kashmir. To augment the floristic knowledge of these areas, the present studies Taxonomic identification were undertaken. The present paper is the result of detailed field studies In the present paper, the results of plant surveys and made during the floristic surveys conducted in the Rajouri- collections made from Rajouri-Poonch districts during the Poonch districts from 1987-1988, in 1993, and again from last two to three decades are consolidated, with a view to 2008-2010. During these surveys, plants were collected facilitate documentation of their overall floristic diversity. from diverse habitats in different areas of the twin The inventory provided here records a total of 352 species districts. During collection, detailed field observations of vascular plants, which belong to 270 genera in 83 were recorded, including notes on ethnobotanical uses families. Ethnobotanical notes are also appended with of various plants by the local people. The collected plant some taxa to document their traditional uses. specimens were properly processed following standard 318 Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India Table 1. Enumeration of plants collected from Rajouri and Poonch districts in Jammu & Kashmir State of India. PLANT TAXA DETAILS OF EXSICCATAE Pteridophytes Aspleniaceae Asplenium adiantum-nigrum L. Poonch, Bufliaz, 2000 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1074. Equisetaceae Equisetum arvense L. Poonch, Bufliaz,1900 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 990. Pteridaceae Adiantum capillus-veneris L. Poonch, Bufliaz,1900 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1274. Adiantum incisum Forssk. Poonch, Behramgali, 2300 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 913. Cyrtomium caryotideum Presl. Poonch, 950 m, 8.8.1986, Kachroo 9796. Dryopteris barbigera O. Kze. Poonch, Behramgali, 2300 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 912. Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth. Poonch, Surankote, 1500 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1075. Pteris cretica L. Poonch, Behramgali, 2150 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1201. Pteris vittata L. Poonch, Behramgali, 2150 m, 8. 1.2010, Akhtar 901. Gymnosperms Cupressaceae Cryptomeria japonica D. Don Poonch, Govt. Degree College, 950 m, 18.1.1993, Mukhtar s. n.; Rajouri, Agriculture Dept. Office, 910 m, 9.1.1993, G. H. Dar 9954. Cupressus funebris Endl. Poonch, District Forest Office, 950 m, 4.1.1993, G. H. Dar 9997. Cupressus sempervirens L. Rajouri, District Forest Office, 910 m, 4.1.1993, Mukhtar s. n. Cupressus torulosa D. Don Rajouri, District Forest Office, 910 m, 4.1.1993, G. H. Dar 9994. Juniperus chinensis Linn. Rajouri, District Forest Office, 910 m, 4.1.1993, G. H. Dar 9997. Cycadaceae Cycas revoluta Thunb. Poonch, Govt. Degree College, 950 m, 18.1.1993, Mukhtar s. n. Pinaceae Abies pindrow Royle Poonch, Lohren, 2220 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1161. Cedrus deodara (Roxb.) G. Don Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 2000 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1267. Picea smithiana (Wall.) Boiss. Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 2100 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1667. Pinus roxburghii Sargent Poonch, Mendhar, 950 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1208. Pinus wallichiana A.B. Jackson Poonch, Lohren, 2250 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1237. Taxaceae Taxus wallichiania Zucc. Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 2150 m, 8.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9796. Angiosperms: Dicotyledons Acanthaceae Aechmanthera tomentosa Nees. Rajouri, Dudag, 1000 m, 20.1.2010, Akhtar 1058. Hemigraphis latebrosa Nees Rajouri, Darhal,1650 m, 7.1.2010, Akhtar 1042. Justicia adhatoda L. Rajouri, Sunderbani, 600 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1103. Justicia simplex D. Don Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9783. Lepidagathis incurva Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don Rajouri, Chingus (Nowshera), 860 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1109; Rajouri, Chowdhary Nar, 1100 m, 2.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9613. Amaranthaceae Amaranthus caudatus L. Rajouri, Darhal-Poonch Road, 1300 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1623. Amaranthus spinosus L. Rajouri, City, wastelands and roadsides, 950 m, 23.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9327. Amaranthus tricolor L. Rajouri, Behrote 1000 m, 22.12.1987, G. H. Dar 9499; Rajouri, Chowdhary Nar, 1050 m, 15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9359, 9368; Rajouri, 20.11.1987, G. H. Dar 9467. Amaranthus viridis L. Rajouri, Kalakote, 750 m, 20.11.1987, G. H. Dar 9472; Rajouri, Palma, 950 m, 20.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9449. Achyranthes aspera L. Poonch, Bufliaz, 1900 m, 12.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9260. Achyranthes aspera var. argentea Hook. f. Rajouri, Shahdara Sharief, 1560 m, grassy roadsides, 16.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9285. Aerua sanguinilenta (L.) Blume Rajouri, Kheora. 1000 m, 16.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9375. Alternanthera sessilis (L.) DC. Rajouri, near Airport, 950 m, masonry bunds along roadsides, 4.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9240; Rajouri, 20.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9741. Celosia argentea L. Rajouri, Fatehpur, 960 m, 23.11.1987, G. H. Dar 9480. Gomphrena celosioides Hart. Rajouri, near Darhal bridge, along roadsides, 1200 m, 6.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9420. Apiaceae Bupleurum linearifolium DC. Noorichumb, 2200 m, 12.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9274. Coriandrum sativum L. Rajouri, Thanna Mandi, 1450 m, cultivated, 29.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9611; Rajouri, Fatehpur, 1100 m, 22.11.1987, G. H. Dar 9477; Rajouri, Behrote, 1100 m, 3.1.1988, G. H. Dar 9505. Daucus carota L. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1408. Foeniculum vulgare Miller Rajouri, 950 m, 20.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9582. Pimpinella stewartii (Dunn) E. Nasir Rajouri, 950 m, single plant in flower bed, flowers white, 31.8.1988, G. H. Dar 9761. 319 Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India Table 1. Continued. PLANT TAXA DETAILS OF EXSICCATAE Scandix pectin-veneris L. Rajouri, 950 m, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9657; Rajouri, Jawhar Nagar, 970 m, 15.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9560; Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1408. Araliaceae Hedera nepalensis Koch. Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 2200 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1246; Rajouri, Palma, 1900 m, G. H. Dar 9299. Asclepiadaceae Pergularia extensa N.E. Brown Rajouri, roadsides, 950 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1105 a. Vincetoxicum hirundinaria Medicus Rajouri, Nowshera road, 800 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1105 b. Asteraceae Achillea millefolium L. Rajouri, Shahdara Sharief, 1550 m, grassy slopes along road, 16.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9286; Poonch, Bufliaz, 2100 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1238. Anaphalis cinnamomea C. B. Clarke Rajouri, Ujhan, 1100 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9772; Rajouri, Kheora, 1100 m, 20.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9447. Anaphalis contorta Hook. f. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1100 m, 20.11.1987, G. H. Dar 9476. Arctium lappa L. Poonch, Bufliaz, 1800 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 940. Artemisia absinthium L. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1240. Artemisia vulgaris L. Rajouri: Dangri, and Poonch: Lohren, 2100 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1081. Artemisia nilagirica (Clarke) Pamp. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9375. Artemisia parviflora Roxb. Rajouri, Palma, 1000 m, 15.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9431; Rajouri, Ujhan, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9777. Artemisia tournefortiana Reichb. Rajouri, Rathal, 1210 m, 21.1.2010, Akhtar 1065. Aster albescens Hand.-Mazz. Poonch, 950 m, 16.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9865. Bidens chinensis (L.) Willd. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, rays white, disk yellow, 19.10.1988, G. H. Dar 9796. Bidens tripartita L. Rajouri, Shahdara-Sharief, 1550 m, 20.1.2010, Akhtar 1062; Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 15.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9665. Calendula officinalis L. Poonch, 950 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 959, cultivated. Carduus edelbergii Rech. f. Poonch, Lohren, 2200 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 955. Centaurea iberica Trev.ex Spreng. Poonch, Lohren, 2200 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 950. Cichorium intybus L. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 20.8.1988, G. H. Dar 9745. Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. Poonch, Lohren, 2150 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1555. Cirsium falconeri (Hook. f.) Petrak Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 2200 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1555. Cirsium wallichii DC. Rajouri: Budhal, and Poonch: Lohren, 2150 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1155. Conyza bonariensis (L.) Cronquist Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, 22.9.1987, G. H. Dar 4515; Poonch, Mendhar, 1000 m, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9528. Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist Rajouri, Ujhan, 1100 m, 20.8.1988, G. H. Dar 9776; Rajouri, Shahdara Sharief, 1550 m, gravel slopes along road 16.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9287. Cotula anthemoides L. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1643 a. Crepis sancta Babc. Poonch , Lohren road, 1800 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1643 b. Echinops cornigerus DC. Poonch, Bufliaz, 2200 m, 20.10.2005, Z. S. Khan 1234. Galinsoga parviflora Cav. Rajouri, Shahdara Sharief, 1500 m, 12.7.1988. G. H. Dar 9569; Rajouri, Behrote, 1200 m, 10.1.1988, G. H. Dar 9506; Poonch, Lohren forest, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1243. Gnaphalium luteo-album L. Rajouri, Jawhar Nagar,950 m, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9637; Rajouri, Darhal ,1600 m, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9626 and 25.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9748; Moradpur, Nowshera , 830 m, 10.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9705. Helianthus annuus L. Rajouri, Rathal, 1200 m, 21.1.2010, Akhtar 1565, cultivated. Inula cappa (Ham.) DC. Rajouri, Palma, 1000 m, 20.10.1987. G. H. Dar 9452; Rajouri, Ujhan, 1100 m, 15.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9433; Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, shrubby plant growing along stony slopes, flowers yellow, 19.10.1988, G. H. Dar 9795. Ixeris polycephala Cass. Poonch, Mendhar, 950 m, heads yellow, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9520. Lactuca dissecta D. Don Poonch-Bufliaz road, 1800 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 957. Lactuca serriola L. Rajouri, Kalakote, 780 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1079. Launaea procumbens (Roxb.) Ram. & Raj. Rajouri, Chowdhary Nar, 1100 m, 24.11.1987, G. H. Dar 9482. Myriactis nepalensis Less Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, 25.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9749. Parthenium hysterophorus L. Rajouri, Nowshera-Poonch roadsides, 900 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1100. Saussurea heteromalla (D. Don) Hand.-Mazz. Rajouri, Chingus, 860 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1081. Sonchus arvensis L Poonch, Mendhar, 950 m, sides of water courses, heads yellow, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9521. Siegesbeckia orientalis L. Rajouri, Behrote, 1000 m, 27.12.1987, G. H. Dar 9502. Tagetes minuta L. Poonch, Pheeri Jhalas, Mendhar, 1150 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1162. Taraxacum officinale Weber Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9620; Poonch, Bufliaz, 2100 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar Tussilago farfara L. Poonch, Lohren forest, 2250 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1245. Vernonia cinerea (L.) Lees. Rajouri, 950 m, 20. 03.1988, G. H. Dar 9684. Xanthium strumarium L. Rajouri, Revenue Colony, 950 m, 1.12.1987, G. H. Dar 9487. 320 Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India Table 1. Continued. PLANT TAXA DETAILS OF EXSICCATAE Balsaminaceae Impatiens balsamina L. Rajouri, Darhal, Bodharoo, 1550 m, 20.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9400; Rajouri, Chowdhary Nar, 15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9316; Poonch, Lohren, 2200 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1258. Berberidaceae Berberis glaucocarpa Stapf. Rajouri , Muradpur, Nowshera, 830 m, 15.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9670. Berberis lycium Royle Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, 20.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9682; Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar Boraginaceae Anchusa arvensis (L.) Bieb. ssp. orientalis (L.) Rajouri, roadsides, 950 m, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9648. Nordh Cynoglossum glochidiatum Wall. ex Benth. Poonch, Bufliaz, 2000 m, 12.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9258. Trichodesma indicum (L.) R. Br. var. amplexicaule Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, exposed slopes; flowers light blue, 15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9371. (Roth) T. Cooke Brassicaceae Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, flowers white, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9538. Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. & Coss. Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, cultivated, flowers yellow, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9525 Brassica rapa L ssp. campestris (L.) Clapham. Rajouri , Fatehpur ,1000 m, 21.11.1987, G. H. Dar 9475. Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9542; Rajouri, Jawhar Nagar, 1000 m, 15.7.1988, G. H. Dar 9550. Cardamine impatiens L. Rajouri, Thanna Mandi,1400 m, 15.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9727. Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm. Rajouri, City, Ward 10, 950 m, Masonry bunds along vegetable fields, 25.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9338. Eruca sativa Mill. Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, in cultivated mustard fields, flowers yellowish, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9526; Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, 26.2.1988. G. H. Dar 9599. Lepidium capitatum Hook. f. & Thomson Rajouri, Shahdara Sharief, 1550 m, 17.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9572; Rajouri, Behrote, 1100 m, 1.1.1988. G. H. Dar 9503. Lepidium sativum L. Rajouri, Darhal, 1550, 23.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9587. Lepidium virginicum L. Rajouri City, near Army Theater, roadsides slopes, 950 m, 22.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9313 Nasturtium officinale R. Br. Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, 15.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9730. Buxaceae Buxus wallichiana Baill. Rajouri, Gabar Forest, Budhal; Poonch, Bufliaz , 2000 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1198. Basellaceae Basella rubra L. Rajouri, Gabar Forest, Budhal, 2000 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 992. Caesalpiniaceae Bauhinia variegata L. Rajouri, main road, 950 m, 5. 1.2010, Akhtar 1219. Cassia occidentalis L. Rajouri, 950 m, flowers pure yellow, 2.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9385 a. Cassia tora L. Rajouri, 950 m, 20.9.1987, flowers pure yellow, G. H. Dar 9385 b. Campanulaceae Campanula pallida Wallich Rajouri, Jawhar Nagar, 950 m, 15.4.1988 , G. H. Dar 9731. Cannabaceae Cannabis sativa L. Rajouri, 950 m, near bus stand, abundant on wastelands, roadsides and along vegetable fields, 22.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9318; Poonch, Lohren road 1900 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1290. Capparaceae Cleome viscosa L. Poonch, 950 m, sandy slopes, flowers yellow, 18.10.1988, G. H. Dar 9793. Caprifoliaceae Viburnum grandiflorum Wall. ex DC. Rajouri, 950 m, 5.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9243; Poonch, Lohren, 1900 m, 09. 01. 2010, Akhtar 1218. Caryophyllaceae Cerastium cerastoides (L.) Britton Poonch, Surankote nullah, 1500 m, 7.1.2010, Akhtar 1256. Dianthus crinitus Smith Rajouri, 950 m, 30.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9652. Stellaria media (L.) Vill. Rajouri, Budhal, 2000 m, 20.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9583; Poonch, Lohren, 2000 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar Silene conoidea L. Rajouri, Sora, Behrote, 1000 m, 20.12.1987, G. H. Dar 9494 Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 918. Vaccaria pyramidata Medik Rajouri, 950 m, 30.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9752. Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium album L. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1503. Chenopodium botrys L. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1 2010, Akhtar 1261. Chenopodium foliosum (Moench) Aschers. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 09. 01. 2010, Akhtar 961. Chenopodium hybridum L. Poonch, Bufliaz, 2000 m, 9.1 2010, Akhtar 965. Chenopodium murale L. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 962. Kochia scoparia (L.) Schrad. Rajouri, 950 m, 20.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9395. Convolvulaceae Convolvulus arvensis L. Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 2000 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1507. 321 Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India Table 1. Continued. PLANT TAXA DETAILS OF EXSICCATAE Ipomoea crassicaulis (Benth.) B. L. Robinson Rajouri, 950 m, gregarious milky shrub, 15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9372. Ipomoea hispida (Vahl) Roem. & Schult. Rajouri, Khoblan ,1000 m, 26.12.1987, G. H. Dar 9501 Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth Rajouri, 950 m, 22. 08. 1987, G. H. Dar 9324; 20.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9455. Ipomoea purpurea Roth Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 2000 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 907, 1401. Cucurbitaceae Diplocyclos palmatus (L.) C. Jaffery Rajouri, Sunderbani, 600 m, climbing along hedges, 2.9.1987, G. H. Dar Ehretiaceae Ehretia aspera Roxb. Nowshera, Moradpur, 820 m, 10.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9704. Ericaceae Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Poonch, Kanglie, Surankote, 1280 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1122. Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia helioscopia L. Rajouri, Shahdara Sharief, 1550 m, waste ground 17.8.1988, G. H. Dar 9566. Euphorbia hispida Boiss. Poonch, Surankote, 1300 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1250. Euphorbia wallichii Hook. f. Poonch, Lohren, 2200 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1249. Phyllanthus emblica L. (Emblica officinalis Rajouri, Dak Bunglaw, 950 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1220. Gaertn.) Fagaceae Quercus baloot Griffith Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 2000 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1138. Quercus incana Roxb. Poonch, Khataoyian, Mendhar, 1190 m, 10.1.2010., Akhtar 1133. Quercus glauca Thunb. Rajouri, Haryan, Budhal, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1098. Fumariaceae Fumaria indica (Haussk.) Pugsley Rajouri, 950 m, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9638; Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1280. Gentianaceae Swertia angustifolia Buch.-Ham ex D. Don Rajouri, Chowdhary Nar, 1100 m, 15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 8361; Rajouri, Ujhan, 1100 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9779. Gentiana aprica Decne. Rajouri, 950 m, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9629. Gentiana carinata Griseb. Poonch, Bufliaz, Mughal road, 2250 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 980. Gentiana argentea (Royle ex D. Don) DC. Poonch, Surankote, 1300 m, grassy slopes, 15.4 1988, G. H. Dar 9733. Geraniaceae Geranium rotundifolium L. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9619; Rajouri, Nowshera, 800 m, 20.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9736. Hypericaceae Hypericum perforatum L. Rajouri, Fatehpur, 1000 m, 22.11.1987, G. H. Dar 9478. Hippocastanaceae Aesculus indica (Wall. ex Cambess.) Hook. f. Poonch, Bufliaz, 2000 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1234. Hamamelidaceae Parrotiopsis jacquemontiana (Dcne.) Rehder Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 2100 m, 7.1.2010, Akhtar 1233. Lamiaceae Ajuga bracteosa Wall. ex Benth. Rajouri, Chowdhary Nar, 1050 m, dry slopes, 15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9370. Ajuga parviflora Benth. Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, borders of cultivated fields, 20.3. 1988, G. H. Dar 9680; Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1102. Clinopodium umbrosum (M. Bieb.) C. Koch Rajouri, 950 m, in cultivated fields, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9650; Kheora, Rajouri 30.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9697. Colebrookea oppositifolia Smith Rajouri, Moradpur, Nowshera, 820 m, 10.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9706; Mendhar, Pokrow, 1350 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar1134. Isodon rugosus (Wall. ex Benth.) Codd Rajouri, 950 m, sandy slopes, 20.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9384. Lamium amplexicaule L. Rajouri, Jawhar Nagar, 950 m, along vegetable fields 5.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9512; Shahdara Sharief, 1550 m, 17.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9567. Lycopus europaeus L. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, damp fields, 15. 9. 1987, G. H. Dar 9354. Leucas cephalotes (Roth) Spreng. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, scrubby slopes, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9622. Leucas mollissima Wall. ex Benth. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 20.5.1988, G. H. Dar 9754. Mentha longifolia (L.) L. Poonch, Gabbar forest, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1427. Mentha royleana Benth. Rajouri, Chowdhary Nar, 1050 m, boarders of cultivated fields, 15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9365. Micromeria biflora (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, sandy slopes, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9531; Rajouri, Fatehpur, 1000 m, dry Benth. slopes, 24 11.1987, G. H. Dar 9481. Nepeta hindostana (Roth) Haines Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 4.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9617. Ocimum basilicum L. Rajouri, Manjakot, 1000 m, in cultivated fields, 20.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9689. Origanum vulgare L. Rajouri, Shahdara Sharief, 1550 m, gravel slopes along roadsides, flowers white, 16.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9290. Prunella vulgaris L. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, moist roadsides, 27. 09. 1988, G. H. Dar 9785; Poonch, Gabber forest, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 927. 322 Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India Table 1. Continued. PLANT TAXA DETAILS OF EXSICCATAE Stachys emodi Hedge Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, moist roadsides, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9783. Thymus linearis Benth. Poonch, Lohren forest, 2200 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1501. Juglandaceae Julglans regia L. Poonch, Gabbar forest, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar1201. Buddlejaceae Buddleja asiatica Lour. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1050 m, 3.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9614; Poonch proper, 950 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1278. Buddleja crispa Benth. Poonch Road, 950 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1210. Lythraceae Woodfordia fruticosa (L.) S. Kurz Poonch, Noorichumb, 2200 m, 12.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9267. Malvaceae Abutilon bidendatum Hochst. ex A. Rich. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9782 (seeds 3 per mericarp). Hibiscus schizopetalus (Masters) Hook. f. Rajouri, City, Ward No. 10, 950 m, grown as ornamental shrub, flowers red, 22.8.1987, G. H. Dar Malva neglecta Wallr. Poonch, Lohren, 2200 m, 9. 1.2010, Akhtar 923. Malva parviflora L. Shahdara Sharief, Rajouri, 1550 m, plants not more than 30 cm high; flowers purplish-pink, 17.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9563; Thanna Mandi, plants to 50 cm high, flowers pinkish, 22.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9330. The present collections represent the first authentic specimens of this species in KASH, because all its earlier reports from the Jammu and Kashmir State have been found to be based on misidentification of its allied species, M. microcarpa Pers. (see Naqshi et al. 1988: 1514). The main distinguishing character of M. parviflora is its mericarps having winged and distinctly hooked margins. Malvastrum coromandelianum (L.) Garcke Rajouri city, near bus stand, 950 m, abundant along roadsides, lawns, cultivated fields, wastelands, etc., flowers yellow, 22.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9323; Rajouri, Jawharnagar, 0950 m, 15.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9725; Rajouri city, Kitchen garden sides, 22.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9326; Rajouri, Dack Banglow lawn, abundant, plants ascending to erect, flowers yellow, 31.8.1988, G. H. Dar 9758; Ujhan, Rajouri 15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9353 and 20.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9408b; Rajouri, Nowshera, 820 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1110. Sida cordata (Burm. f.) Borssum Waalkes Rajouri, 950 m, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9628. Sida rhombifolia L. (S. yunnanensis Hu.) Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, roadside slopes, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9787. Meliaceae Melia azedarach L. Rajouri, 950, roadsides, 20.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9691; Rajouri, 950 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1299. The drupes are persistent through the winter and fall by ending February. Toona ciliata Roem. Rajouri, Darhal road, 1400 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1221. Moraceae Ficus carica L. Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m and Poonch, Surankote, 1300 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar1222. Ficus palmata Frossk. Rajouri, Budhal, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1153. Morus alba L. Poonch, Lohren, 2000 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1223. Myrtaceae Callistemon citrinus (Curtis) Stapf Budhal, Haryan, 1800 m, 5.1.2 010, Akhtar 1140. Eucalyptus alba Reinw. ex Bl. Poonch, Dak Bunglow, 950 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1123. Eucalyptus globulus Labbil. Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, and Poonch road, 950 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1645. Eucalyptus tereticornis Sm. Rajouri road, 950 m, 7.10.2006, Z. S. Khan 1345. Mimosaceae Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. Poonch, Surankote road, 1350 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1221. Oleaceae Olea ferruginea Royle Rajouri Biodiversity Park, 960 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1224. Onagraceae Oenothera rosea Soland. Rajouri, Soland, 10.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9721; Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 2000 m, 12.1.2010, Akhtar Oxalidaceae Oxalis corniculata L. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 27. 02. 1988, G. H. Dar 9681. Papilionaceae Astragalus grahamianus Royle ex Benth. Poonch, Bufliaz road, 2000 m, 9.1 2010, Akhtar 934. Lotus corniculatus L. Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9540. Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Muell. Nowshera, Rajouri, 820 m, 6.1 2010, Akhtar 1107 Melilotus indica (L.) All. Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, flowers yellow, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9539. Trifolium fragiferum L. Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, cultivated as fodder, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9541. Trifolium pratense L. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1271. Trifolium repens L. Rajouri, Jawahar Nagar, 0950 m, 30.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9696; Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9529; Poonch, Lohren forest, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1264. Lathyrus aphaca L. Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, 10.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9548. 323 Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India Table 1. Continued. PLANT TAXA DETAILS OF EXSICCATAE Indigofera cassioides Rottl. ex DC. Rajouri, Nowshera, 820 m, 30.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9685. Indigofera heterantha Wall. ex Brandis Poonch, Dookrie ,1700 m, 11.1.2010, Akhtar 1227. Indigofera cordifolia Heyne ex. Roth Rajouri, 950 m, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9632. Vicia sativa L. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 26.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9592; Poonch, Bufliaz road, 1700 m, 7.1.2010, Akhtar 1459. Medicago lupulina L. Rajouri, 950 m, 15.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9678. Medicago polymorpha L. Rajouri, Jawhar Nagar, 0950 m, 10.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9658. Medicago sativa L. Poonch, Bufliaz road,1800 m, 7.1.2010, Akhtar 1453. Tephrosia strigosa (Dalz.) Sant. & Maheshw. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, 27.7.1988, G. H. Dar 9770. Robinia pseudoacacia L. Rajouri, Gabber forest, Budhal, 1800 m, Akhtar 1202. Desmodium laxiflorum DC. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9788. Crotalaria medicaginea Lamk. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9780. Lespedeza juncea (L. f.) Pers. Rajouri, Fatehpur, 1000 m, 20.11.1987, G. H. Dar 9470. Plantaginaceae Plantago lanceolata L. Rajouri, Budhal, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1511. Plantago major L Rajouri, Budhal, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1512. Platanaceae Platanus orientalis L Rajouri, Darhal, 1560 m, 6.1 2010, Akhta 1581 Papaveraceae Argemone mexicana L. Rajouri, City, 950 m, roadside slopes, flowers purple, anthers yellow, 25.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9342. Pittosporaceae Pittosporum nepaulense (DC.) Rehder & Wilson Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9537. Plumbaginaceae Plumbago zeylanica L. Rajouri, 950 m, scrubby slopes, 20.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9295. Podophyllaceae Podophyllum hexandrum Royle. Poonch, Lohren forest, 2200 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 951. Polygonaceae Fagopyrum esculentum Moench Rajouri, Rathal, 1200 m, 20.1.2010, Akhtar 1057. Oxyria digyna (L.) Hill Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 951. Polygonum orientale L. Rajouri, Rathal, 1200 m, 20.1.2010, Akhtar 1056. Rumex acetosa L. Poonch, Bufliaz, 1800 m, 10. 01. 2010, Akhtar 1465. Rumex dentatus L. Poonch, Bufliaz, 1800 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 965. Rumex hastatus D. Don Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, and Poonch, Bufliaz, 1800 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1310. Rumex nepalensis Spreng. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1254. Polygonum affine D. Don Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 954. Polygonum hydropiper L. Rajouri, Palma, 1000 m, 20.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9454. Polygonum plebejum R. Br. Rajouri, 950 m, grasslands, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9649. Portulacaceae Portulaca oleracea L. Rajouri, city, 950 m, waste ground near bus stand, 22.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9306. Primulaceae Anagallis arvensis L. Rajouri, Jawharnagar, 1100 m, 10.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9546. Androsace rotundifolia Hardw. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1054. Androsace umbellata (Lour.) Merr. Poonch; Mendhar, 900 m, along water courses, flowers white, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9537. Punicaceae Punica granatum L. Rajouri, Nowshera, 820 m, growing wild on hillocks, 20.9.1987, G. H. Dar 993 ; Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 6.1 2010, Akhtar 1225. Ranunculaceae Anemone obtusiloba D. Don Rajouri, Budhal forest, 2200 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1549. Aquilegia fragrans Benth. Rajouri, Budhal forest, 2200 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1550. Caltha palustris L. var. alba (Jacq. ex Camb.) Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.10.2010, Akhtar 1609. Hook. f. and Thoms. Clematis gouriana Roxb. Rajouri, Moradpur Nowshera, 820 m, 10.4 1988, G. H. Dar 9713; Ujhan Rajouri, 20.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9409. Clematis grata Wall. Rajouri, 950 m, 20.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9457. Thalictrum alpinum L. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1254. Ranunculus arvensis L. Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, common, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9533. Ranunculus hirtellus Royle Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1609 Ranunculus laetus Wall. ex Hook. f. & Thoms Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1409. Ranunculus sceleratus L. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 15.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9666. 324 Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India Table 1. Continued. PLANT TAXA DETAILS OF EXSICCATAE Resedaceae Oligomeris linifolia (Vahl.) Macbride Rajouri, Haryan, Budhal, 1800 m, 5.1 2010, Akhtar 1151. Rhamnaceae Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk. Rajouri, in front of D.C. office, 950 m, large shrub, up to 3 m, leaves leathery, green above, brownish beneath, 10.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9430, ‘Ber’; Poonch, Bufliaz, 1900 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. var. fruticosa (Haines) Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, roadside hedges, 8.10 1987, fruits yellowish-green, G. H. Dar 9426. Seb. and Balak. Ziziphus oxyphylla Edgew. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, roadside hedges, mature fruits red, 8.10.1987 G. H. Dar 9424. Rosaceae Cydonia oblonga Mill. Poonch, Surankote, 1350 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1426. Cotoneaster nummularia Fisch. & C. A. Mey. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2 010, Akhtar 1209. Duchesnia indica (Andr.) Focke, Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 20.5.1988, G. H. Dar 9753; Poonch Mendhar, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9544. Fragaria nubicola Lindley ex Lacaita Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1251. Geum roylei Bolle Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1212. Prinsepia utilis Royle Rajouri, Haryan Budhal, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1365. Potentilla nepalensis Hook. Rajouri, Deragali, 1800 m, flowers red, 12.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9276. Prunus armeniaca L. Rajouri,, Haryan Budhal, 1800 m, 5.1 2010, Akhtar 1565 Pyrus pashia Buch.- Ham. ex D. Don Poonch, Bufliaz road, 1800 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1225. Malus domestica Borkh Poonch, Bufliaz, 2000 m, 9.1.2010. Akhtar 1424. Prunus persica (L.) Batsch. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1527. Prunus cerasus L. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1528. Prunus tomentosa Thunb. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1528. Rosa webbiana Wall. ex Royle Poonch, Bufliaz, 2000 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1252. Rubus niveus Thunb. Poonch, Lohren, 2200 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1407. Rubus ulmifolius Schott Poonch, Surankote, 1350 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1421. Rubus ellipticus Smith Rajouri, Jawharnagar, 0950 m, 20.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9580. Spiraea bella Sims Rajouri, Haryan, Budhal, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1834. Rubiaceae Galium asperifolium Wall. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 22.1.2010, Akhtar 1315. Oldenlandia retrorsa Boiss. Rajouri, Thani Mundi, 1400 m, 20.1.2010, Akhtar 1074. Rubia cordifolia L. Rajouri: Kheora, 1000 m, along hedges, 8.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9421. According to Hara and Williams (1977), the correct name for our species is R. wallichiana Decne (which is characterized by smaller, whitish, or grayish-white flowers and blakish fruits) - R. cordifolia is said to have red fruits and not occurring in our area. Rutaceae Zanthoxylum armatum DC. Rajouri, Thania Mandi, 1400 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1227. Salicaceae Populus ciliata Wall. ex Royle Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1204. Salix alba L. Poonch, Bufliaz road, 1800 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1206. Salix babylonica L. Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m and Poonch, Surankote, 1350 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1205. Sapindaceae Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn. Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1228. Scrophulariaceae Limosella aquatica L. Rajouri Air field, 950 m, 4.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9235. Lindenbergia indica (L.) Vatke Rajouri, Shahdara Sharief, 1550 m, 16.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9281. On gravel and sandy slopes along road to shrine, flowers yellow. Lindernia crustacea (L.) F.V. Mueller Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, moist places, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9774; Rajouri Kheora, moist roadsides, flowers purple, 10.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9428; 05. 03. 1988, G. H. Dar 9640; Degree College campus, 1.10.1988, G. H. Dar 9792 (flowers white); Deragali, Poonch, 12.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9256. Mimulus strictus Benth. Rajouri, 950 m, moist places in paddy fields. Flowers light purple, (stated to be white or pale blue in Indian plants) 18.1.1988, G. H. Dar 9509. Mazus japonicas (Thunb.) O. Ktze Rajouri, Bonati, 1000 m, along cultivated fields, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 965; Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, sides of water courses in cultivated fields, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9543. Mazus surculosus D. Don. Poonch, Noorichumb, 2200 m, often grassy hill slopes, 12.8.1987. G. H. Dar 9251. A diffuse, stoloniferous plant with ± rounded leaf blades and rounded teeth or lobes. Veronica biloba L. Poonch, Lohren road, 1900 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 927. Veronica persica Poir. Rajouri, 950 m, along vegetable fields, 20.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9500; Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, common, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9534; Budhal, Rajouri, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1159. Veronica melissifolia Desf. ex Poir. (V. laxa Mendhar, Saki Maidian, Poonch, 900 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1127. Benth.). Veronica beccabunga L. Rajouri, Budhal, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1502. 325 Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India Table 1. Continued. PLANT TAXA DETAILS OF EXSICCATAE Wulfenia amherstiana Wall. ex Benth. Noorichumb, Poonch, 2200 m, flowers violet blue 12.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9258. An interesting plant with ± horizontal flowers and far exserted filiform styles, especially conspicuous after falling of corolla. Simaroubaceae Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle Poonch, Surankote, 1350 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1215. Solanaceae Atropa acuminata Royle Poonch, Lohren forest, 2450 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1225. Cestrum nocturnum L. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 9.7.1987, G. H. Dar 9790. Datura stramonium L. Rajouri city roadsides and waste places, 950 m, flowers white, tube bluish, 22.8.1987, G. H. Dar Hyoscyamus niger L. Poonch, Lohren forest, 2300 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 925. Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Viv. Rajouri, Sora, 1000 m, 20.12.1987, G. H. Dar 9495. Physalis minima L. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 9.7.1987, G. H. Dar 9390. Solanum miniatum Bernh. ex Willd. Rajouri, roadsides, 950 m, 5. 3.1988, G. H. Dar 964; Rajouri city, along Kitchen gardens, flowers white, peduncles longer than pedicels, berries black, 28.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9325 (other forms with peduncles shorter than pedicles, and berries red are seen at Noorichumb); Rajouri, Budhal, 1900 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1502. Solanum incanum L. Rajouri, Kalakote, 780 m, waste places, flowers cream-white, 1.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9346. Solanum pseudocapsicum L. Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1589. Solanum erianthum D. Don Poonch, Lohren, 2200 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1725. Theaceae Eurya acuminata DC. Poonch, Dera Ki Gali, 1800 m, 20.102006, Z. S. Khan 1234. Thymeleaceae Daphne oleoides Schreber Poonch, Lohren forest, 2200 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1247. Tiliaceae Grewia optiva Drummond ex Burret Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 30.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9686; Rajouri, 950 m, 20.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9458; Poonch road, 900 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1213; Rajouri, Budhal forest, 2200 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar Corchorus aestuans L. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, along cultivated and waste fields, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9781. A course fibre is occasionally extracted from this plant in parts of India which is of no commercial value. The roots and leaves are said to cure gonorrhoea and used in making an injection for urethral discharge. The seeds are stomachiac and used in treating pneumonia. Ulmaceae Celtis australis L. Rajouri, Budhal forest and Poonch, Surankote, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar1202. Ulmus villosa Brandis ex Gamble Poonch, Lohren, 2200 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1291; Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m a frequent tree, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9517. Urticaceae Debregeasia salicifolia (D. Don) Rendle Rajouri: Shahdara Sharief, 1550 m, common shrub with reddish brown, grey-tomentose branches and white-tomentose undersurface of leaves; male perianth light pink, 17.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9561. Pilea umbrosa Wedd. Poonch, Noorichumb, 2200 m, moist scrubby slopes, 12.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9278. Urtica dioica L. Poonch, Lohren, 2200 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1411. Violaceae Viola biflora L. Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 1800 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1249 b. Viola odorata L. Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1249 a. Angiosperms: Monocotyledons Alliaceae Allium jacquemontii Kunth Rajouri, 1000 m, sandy slopes along roadsides enroute to the Degree College, 25.4.1988, G. H.Dar Araceae Arisaema flavum (Forssk.) Schott. Pooonch, Noorichumb, 2200 m, common throughout, right from Rajouri, 12.8.1987, G. H. Dar Arecaceae Phoenix humilis Royle Rajouri city, lawns and parks, 950 m, 9.8.1993, G. H. Dar 9953. Cyperaceae Cyperus difformis L. Rajouri, Sora, 1000 m, 20.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9695. Cyperus exaltatus Retz. Rajouri, 950 m, 22.7.1987, G. H. Dar 9195. Cyperus rotundus L. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 22.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9295. Fimbristylis bisumbellata (Forssk.) Bub. Rajouri, 950 m, 30.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9945. Scirpus juncoides Roxb. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 21.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9795. Liliaceae Colchicum luteum Baker Poonch, Lohren forest, 2300 m, 9.1.2010. Akhtar 1294. Fritillaria imperialis L. Poonch, Lohren forest, 2300 m, 9.1.2010. Akhtar 1295. Orchidaceae 326 Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India Table 1. Continued. PLANT TAXA DETAILS OF EXSICCATAE Spiranthes lancea (Thunb.) Backer Rajouri, Thanna Mandi, 1500 m, 20.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9579. Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schlechter Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, moist sides of water channels, infrequent, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9545. A small annual herb, flowers white with reddish tinge. Poaceae Agrostis munroana Aitch. & Hemsl. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 20.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9439; Ujhan, Rajouri ,15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9352. Apluda mutica L. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 20.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9445. Arthraxon lancifolius (Trin.) Hochst. Rajouri, Chingus, Nowshera, 860 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1104. Bothriochloa ischaemum (L.) Keng Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, crop field, 9.1.2010, .Akhtar 1278. Brachiaria ramosa (L.) Griseb. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1100 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9879. Bromus japonicus Thunb. ex Murr. Poonch road, 950 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1405. Capillipedium assimile (Steud.) A. Camus Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 20.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9442. Chrysopogon gryllus Trin. ssp. echinulatus (Nees) Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, 6. 2.1988, G. H. Dar 9522. T. A. Cope Cymbopogon pospischilii (K. Schum.) C. E. Rajouri, Chowdhary Nar, 1050 m, 15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9356. Hubbard Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) Wats. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 20.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9391. Cymbopogon distans (Nees ex Steud.) Wat Rajouri, 950 m, 1.12.1987, G. H. Dar 9489. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1279. Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koel. Rajouri, 950 m, 30.8.1988, G. H. Dar 9948. Digtaria setigera Roth ex Roem. & Schult. Rajouri, Air field, 950 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9919. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Rajouri, 950 m, 30.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9345. Hemarthria compressa (L. f.) R. Br. Rajouri, 950 m, 31.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9763. Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeuschel Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 20.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9394. Isachne himalaica Hook. f. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1050 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9889. Lolium perenne L. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1268. Oplismenus compositus (L.) P. Beauv. Rajouri, 950 m, 31.8.1988, G. H. Dar 9997. Pennisetum orientale L. C. Rich. Rajouri, Chowdhary Nar, 1050 m, 20.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9358; Kheora, Rajouri, 20.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9359; Poonch , Noorichumb, 2200 m, 12.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9257. Phragmites karka (Retz.) Trin. ex Steud. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1050 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9989. Poa pratensis L. Poonch, Bufliaz, 1800 m, 8.1.2010. Akhtar 1269. Poa bulbosa L. Poonch, Bufliaz, 1800 m, 8.1.2010. Akhtar 1452. Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roem. & Schult. Rajouri, 950 m, 30.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9947. Setaria viridis (L.) P. Beauv. Rajouri, 950 m, 30.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9946. Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, crop field, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1674 Sorghum nitidum (Vahl) Pers. Poonch, Lohren, 950 m, crop field, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1675 Themeda anathera (Nees ex Steud.) Hack. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1050 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9789 a. Triticum aestivum L. Cultivated. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1050 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9789 b Stipa sibirica (L.) Lam. Poonch, Lohren forest, 2300 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1129. Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton perfoliatus L. Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, in water channels along with Chara species; 6. 2.1988, G. H. Dar 9518. Typhaceae Typha angustata Bory and Chaub. Poonch, Surankote, 1350 m, marshes and stream banks, 9.1.2010, Akhtar1621. Acknowledgments : We thank the Head, Department of Botany, Dar, G. H. and S. Farrooq. 1997. How diverse is biodiversity! Do we know? University of Kashmir, for facilitating this work. The first author is Oriental Science 2(1): 51–69. grateful to Prof. I. A. Hamal, Vice-Chancellor, BGSB University, Rajouri, Dar, G.H., Z.S. Khan and A.A. Khuroo. 2009. Documenting biodiversity: a for establishing the Mahatma Gandhi Chair on Ecology & Environment taxonomic inventory of the phanerogamic flora of Rajouri (Jammu in this University, and for providing working facilities to the staff of this & Kashmir), India; pp. 95–96, in: Souvenir & Abstracts of National Chair. The constant cheer provided by Prof. M. R. Chowdhary, Registrar of Conference on Biodiversity: Present Status and Future Challenges, 26- this University is greatly appreciated. Gratitude is due to the Ministry of 28 March, 2009. Department of Botany, University of Kashmir, Environment & Forests, Government of India, for sponsoring this Chair; Dar, G.H., A.A. Khuroo, C.S. Reddy and A.H. Malik. 2012. Impediment Dr. G. V. Subrahmanyam (Advisor) and Dr. Amit Love (Deputy Director) to taxonomy and its impact on biodiversity science: an Indian of this Ministry are especially thanked for their prompt help. The help perspective. Proceedings of National. Academy of Sciences,, India, received from Mukhtar Ahmed and Mohmad Bashir during field surveys Section B Biological Sciences 82: 235–240. and plant collection by Prof. Dar is also appreciated. The useful comments Hara, H. and L.H.J. Williams. 1977. An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of the two anonymous reviewers are gratefully acknowledged. of Nepal. Vol. 2. London: British Natural Histroy Museum. 207 pp. Hooker, J.D. 1872-97. The Flora of British India. Vols I-VII. London: L. Literature Cited Reeve and Co. Anonymous, 2012. Digest of Statistics. Directorate of Economics & Kapur, S.K. and Y.K. Sarin. 1990. Flora of Trikuta Hills (Shri Vaishno Devi Statistics, Planning and Development Department, Govt. of J & K, Shrine). Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India. 267 pp. India. Khuroo, A.A., G.H. Dar, Z.S. Khan and A.H. Malik. 2007. Exploring an Bhellum, B. L. and R. Magotra. 2012. A Catalogue of Flowering Plants of inherent interface between taxonomy and biodiversity: Current Doda, Kishtwar and Ramban Districts (Kashmir Himalayas). Bishen problems and future challenges. Journal for Nature Conservation 15: Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India, 286 pp. 256–261. 327 Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India Kirn, H. S. 1992. Pir Panjal Range, a paradise of medicinal plants; pp. 63– Singh, G. and H.S. Kirn. 1981. Alpine plants of Poonch-Kashmir; pp. 161– 65, in: M. P. Sharma (ed.). Bahar-e-Rajouri-92. Nehru Yuva Kendra, 179, in: B.M. Sharma and P. Kachroo, Flora of Jammu and Plants of Rajouri. Neighbourhood. Vol. I. Dehra Dun: Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. Naqshi, A.R., G.H. Dar, G.N. Javeid and P. Kachroo. 1988. Malvaceae of Singh, H. 1992. Wild flowers of Rajouri mountains; pp. 60–62, in: M.P. Jammu and Kashmir State, India. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Sharma (ed.), Bahar-e-Rajouri-92. Nehru Yuva Kendra, Rajouri, Garden 75 (4): 1499–1524. Stewart, R. R. 1972. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Malik, A.H., A.A. Khuroo, G.H. Dar and Z.S. Khan. 2010. The woody flora Pakistan and Kashmir; p. 1028 In: E. Nasir and S. I. Ali (eds.), Flora of of Jammu and Kashmir State, India: an updated checklist. Journal of West Pakistan. Fakhri Press, Karachi. Economic and Taxonomic Botany 34 (2): 274–297. Swami, A. and B.K. Gupta. 1998. Flora of Udhampur. Bishen Singh Mittermeier R.A., P.R. Gil, M. Hoffmann, J. Pilgrim, T. Brooks, C.G. Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India. 455 pp. Mittermeier, J. Lamoreux and G.A.B. Da Fonseca. 2005. Hotspots Vir Jee, G.H. Dar, P. Kachroo and G.M. Bhat. 1984. Taxo-ethnobotanical Revised: Earth’s Biologically Richest and most Threatened Terrestrial studies of the rural areas in district Rajouri (Jammu). Journal of Ecoregions. Conservation International. Accessible at http://www. Economic and Taxonomic Botany 5 (4): 831–838. biodiversityhotspots.org. Captured on 15 November 2012. Seth, C.M. 1992. Forgotten lakes of Pir Panjal; pp. 31–36, in: M. P. Sharma (ed.), Bahar-e Rajouri-92. Rajouri: Nehru Yuva Kendra. Received: December 2012 Sharma, B.M. and P. Kachroo. 1981-82. Flora of Jammu and Plants of Accepted : March 2014 Neighbourhood. Vols. I-II. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Published online : May 2014 Dun, India. Editorial responsibility : Paul A. Egan http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Check List Unpaywall

A Contribution to the flora of Rajouri and Poonch districts in the Pir Panjal Himalaya (Jammu & Kashmir), India

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Check List 10(2): 317–328, 2014 © 2014 Check List and Authors Chec List ISSN 1809-127X (available at www.checklist.org.br) Journal of species lists and distribution A Contribution to the Flora of Rajouri and Poonch ie Districts in the Pir Panjal Himalaya (Jammu & Kashmir), India 1* 2 2 Gh. Hassan Dar , Akhtar H. Malik and Anzar A. Khuroo 1 Mahatma Gandhi Chair on Ecology & Environment, Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah University, Rajouri-185 234, Jammu & Kashmir, India. 2 Centre for Biodiversity and Taxonomy, University of Kashmir, Hazratbal, Srinagar -190 006, Jammu & Kashmir, India. * Corresponding author. E-mail: profdar99@gmail.com Abstract: The current paper provides a taxonomic inventory of the vascular plant species collected by the authors during the last two decades from the Rajouri and Poonch districts, located along the Pir Panjal range in the Indian Himalayan State of Jammu and Kashmir. The inventory records a total of 352 species, which belong to 270 genera in 83 families. Of the total taxa, the angiosperms are represented by 331 species in 253 genera and 77 families; gymnosperms by 12 species in 9 genera and 3 families; and pteridophytes by 9 species in 7 genera and 3 families. Asteraceae is the largest family, contributing 42 species; while Artemisia is the largest genus, with 5 species. The inventory is expected to provide baseline scientific data for further studies on plant diversity in these two border districts, and can be used to facilitate the long-term conservation and sustainable use of plant resources in this Himalayan region. Introduction Trikuta hills, presenting a good floristic account of the Of the various environmental problems faced in modern plants harboring these hills and the surroundings of Shri times, the loss of biodiversity is the most serious one. The Vaishno Devi Shrine. Swami and Gupta (1998) published unprecedented rate of species extinction, mainly driven by the Flora of Udhampur district, which is a useful treatise unbridled human activities, is fraught with grave economic on the higher plants of this region. Bhellum and Magotra and ecological consequences. The global diversity of biota (2012) catalogued the flowering plants of Doda, Kishtwar on the planet Earth is, however, so vast that only 1.7 % and Ramban districts, dealing with floristic richness of of it is scientifically known (Dar and Farooq 1997); this these three adjacent districts in the Chenab Valley. poses problems in assessing the taxa that are lost. Given The Rajouri and Poonch, however, are floristically such a perilous state of affairs, taxonomic inventory of the least surveyed districts in the Jammu province, with biodiversity has gained much urgency worldwide. The scanty and scattered information available on their flora situation is particularly pronounced in the developing [Singh and Kirn (1981); Kirn (1992); Singh (1992); Vir world, which coincidentally harbors the richest but the Jee et al. (1984); Dar et al. (2009); Malik et al. (2010)]. All most threatened biodiversity (Khuroo et al. 2008). these publications are preliminary short communications, In the Himalaya, recognized as a global biodiversity none having attempted an inventory of plants occurring hotspot (Mittermeier et al. 2005), crucial taxonomic in these two districts. To bridge this knowledge gap, the information about many of its regions is still not available. results of the plant surveys and collections from these The Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir (J & K) in the two districts for over two decades are consolidated in the Western Himalaya is one such region which has been present paper, with a view to facilitate complete floristic recognized as floristically under-explored by the Botanical inventorization of the whole region. Survey of India (Dar et al. 2012). Biogeographically, J & K State comprises three distinct provinces: the subtropical Materials and Methods Jammu, the predominantly temperate Kashmir, and the Study Area cold-arid Ladakh. Owing to great variety of habitats all The Rajouri and Poonch districts are located on the along these provinces, the State is very rich in floristic southerly foothills of the Pir Panjal Himalaya in the Indian diversity. Its flora has attracted the attention of many State of Jammu and Kashmir. The two districts represent foreign and local botanists since the last about two a transition zone between the subtropical Jammu and centuries. Many of its plants are cited in the illustrious the temperate Kashmir provinces. Whereas the Rajouri works of Hooker (1872-97) and Stewart (1972). district is located at 32°57 to 33°34’ N latitudes and In J & K State, Jammu province possesses the greatest 74°00′ to 74°48′ E longitudes, the Poonch district is floristic richness. Several taxonomic studies dealing with located between 33°28’ to 34°00 N latitudes and 73°56′ floristic diversity of this province have been carried out to 74°32′ E longitudes (Figure 1). The Rajouri district over the last three decades. Sharma and Kachroo (1981- comprises seven tehsils, which cover a total area of 2,630 2 2 82) published the Flora of Jammu and adjacent areas, km , out of which forests constitute 1,267 km (48.17 providing taxonomic details in Vol. 1 and illustrations %). The Poonch district on the other hand comprises in Vol. 2. Kapur and Sarin (1990) dealt with the flora of four tehsils, which cover a total area of 1,674 km out of L Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India herbarium techniques, and identified at the Centre for Biodiversity and Taxonomy, University of Kashmir, using relevant Floras and other available taxonomic literature (Hooker, 1872-97; Stewart, 1972; Sharma and Kachroo, 1981-82) and online resources, such as Flora of Pakistan and Flora of China. Identifications were in some cases verified against previously identified herbarium specimens at the Kashmir University Herbarium (KASH). The exsiccatae of all the plant species included in this paper are deposited in KASH. Results The present paper for the first time provides an inventory of 352 species of vascular plants collected by the authors from various areas in the Rajouri and Poonch districts of Jammu provice in the J & K State. Taxonomic enumeration The sequence of plant groups in this enumeration starts with pteridophytes, followed by gymnosperms and then angiosperms. Within each of these plant groups, the families, genera and species are arranged alphabetically Figure 1. Location map of the study area: a) Jammu and Kashmir (J & K) State, India; b) Rajouri and Poonch districts. in tabular form. For each of the species, its current valid name and author citation is provided in the first column; while in the second column details of exsiccatae are given, which forests are spread over 951 km (56.81 %). Both inculding district and local area of collection, altitude of these districts are strongly undulated to mountainous, the area, date of collection, name of the collector(s) and with most of the population (about 96 %) living in isolated collection number (s) [Table 1]. For some species, brief villages (Anonymous, 2012). The topography is varied and helpful field/lab taxonomic notes are also appended. with peculiar physical features; most of the cultivated land exisiting in upland areas, with maize being the staple food Discussion of people in the area. The climate in both these districts Rajouri and Poonch, two border districts located is broadly subtropical, although the foothill areas along on southerly foothills of the Pir Panjal Himalaya are the Pir Panjal range show dry temperate conditions, while botanically the least surveyed areas in the Jammu province subalpine and alpine conditions prevail higher up in the of Jammu & Kashmir State, with very little and preliminary mountains. information available on their flora. Singh and Kirn (1981) The vegetation usually comprises Chir-pine (Pinus provided a list of some alpine plants of Poonch; Kirn roxburghii) forests, broad-leaved deciduous forests, broad- (1992) presented a brief account of some medicinal plants leaved evergreen forests, scrub forests, interspersed with of Pir Panjal Range; Singh (1992) gave an introductory frequent grassland patches and agricultural croplands. account of some wild flowering plants of Rajouri; Vir Jee The Pir Panjal mountain range, generally with steep slopes et al. (1984) reported their concise taxo-ethnobotanical and gradual ascendance in altitude, exhibits a climatic observations made in some rural areas of Rajouri; Dar gradient from temperate through subalpine to alpine in et al. (2009) published an abstract of the inventory of the uppermost reaches. Commensurate with these wide higher plants of Rajouri; while Malik et al. (2010) listed climatic conditions, the flora of the region depicts rich some woody plants of Rajouri and Poonch in their paper diversity. on woody flora of Jammu & Kashmir. To augment the floristic knowledge of these areas, the present studies Taxonomic identification were undertaken. The present paper is the result of detailed field studies In the present paper, the results of plant surveys and made during the floristic surveys conducted in the Rajouri- collections made from Rajouri-Poonch districts during the Poonch districts from 1987-1988, in 1993, and again from last two to three decades are consolidated, with a view to 2008-2010. During these surveys, plants were collected facilitate documentation of their overall floristic diversity. from diverse habitats in different areas of the twin The inventory provided here records a total of 352 species districts. During collection, detailed field observations of vascular plants, which belong to 270 genera in 83 were recorded, including notes on ethnobotanical uses families. Ethnobotanical notes are also appended with of various plants by the local people. The collected plant some taxa to document their traditional uses. specimens were properly processed following standard 318 Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India Table 1. Enumeration of plants collected from Rajouri and Poonch districts in Jammu & Kashmir State of India. PLANT TAXA DETAILS OF EXSICCATAE Pteridophytes Aspleniaceae Asplenium adiantum-nigrum L. Poonch, Bufliaz, 2000 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1074. Equisetaceae Equisetum arvense L. Poonch, Bufliaz,1900 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 990. Pteridaceae Adiantum capillus-veneris L. Poonch, Bufliaz,1900 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1274. Adiantum incisum Forssk. Poonch, Behramgali, 2300 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 913. Cyrtomium caryotideum Presl. Poonch, 950 m, 8.8.1986, Kachroo 9796. Dryopteris barbigera O. Kze. Poonch, Behramgali, 2300 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 912. Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth. Poonch, Surankote, 1500 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1075. Pteris cretica L. Poonch, Behramgali, 2150 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1201. Pteris vittata L. Poonch, Behramgali, 2150 m, 8. 1.2010, Akhtar 901. Gymnosperms Cupressaceae Cryptomeria japonica D. Don Poonch, Govt. Degree College, 950 m, 18.1.1993, Mukhtar s. n.; Rajouri, Agriculture Dept. Office, 910 m, 9.1.1993, G. H. Dar 9954. Cupressus funebris Endl. Poonch, District Forest Office, 950 m, 4.1.1993, G. H. Dar 9997. Cupressus sempervirens L. Rajouri, District Forest Office, 910 m, 4.1.1993, Mukhtar s. n. Cupressus torulosa D. Don Rajouri, District Forest Office, 910 m, 4.1.1993, G. H. Dar 9994. Juniperus chinensis Linn. Rajouri, District Forest Office, 910 m, 4.1.1993, G. H. Dar 9997. Cycadaceae Cycas revoluta Thunb. Poonch, Govt. Degree College, 950 m, 18.1.1993, Mukhtar s. n. Pinaceae Abies pindrow Royle Poonch, Lohren, 2220 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1161. Cedrus deodara (Roxb.) G. Don Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 2000 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1267. Picea smithiana (Wall.) Boiss. Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 2100 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1667. Pinus roxburghii Sargent Poonch, Mendhar, 950 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1208. Pinus wallichiana A.B. Jackson Poonch, Lohren, 2250 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1237. Taxaceae Taxus wallichiania Zucc. Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 2150 m, 8.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9796. Angiosperms: Dicotyledons Acanthaceae Aechmanthera tomentosa Nees. Rajouri, Dudag, 1000 m, 20.1.2010, Akhtar 1058. Hemigraphis latebrosa Nees Rajouri, Darhal,1650 m, 7.1.2010, Akhtar 1042. Justicia adhatoda L. Rajouri, Sunderbani, 600 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1103. Justicia simplex D. Don Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9783. Lepidagathis incurva Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don Rajouri, Chingus (Nowshera), 860 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1109; Rajouri, Chowdhary Nar, 1100 m, 2.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9613. Amaranthaceae Amaranthus caudatus L. Rajouri, Darhal-Poonch Road, 1300 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1623. Amaranthus spinosus L. Rajouri, City, wastelands and roadsides, 950 m, 23.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9327. Amaranthus tricolor L. Rajouri, Behrote 1000 m, 22.12.1987, G. H. Dar 9499; Rajouri, Chowdhary Nar, 1050 m, 15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9359, 9368; Rajouri, 20.11.1987, G. H. Dar 9467. Amaranthus viridis L. Rajouri, Kalakote, 750 m, 20.11.1987, G. H. Dar 9472; Rajouri, Palma, 950 m, 20.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9449. Achyranthes aspera L. Poonch, Bufliaz, 1900 m, 12.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9260. Achyranthes aspera var. argentea Hook. f. Rajouri, Shahdara Sharief, 1560 m, grassy roadsides, 16.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9285. Aerua sanguinilenta (L.) Blume Rajouri, Kheora. 1000 m, 16.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9375. Alternanthera sessilis (L.) DC. Rajouri, near Airport, 950 m, masonry bunds along roadsides, 4.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9240; Rajouri, 20.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9741. Celosia argentea L. Rajouri, Fatehpur, 960 m, 23.11.1987, G. H. Dar 9480. Gomphrena celosioides Hart. Rajouri, near Darhal bridge, along roadsides, 1200 m, 6.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9420. Apiaceae Bupleurum linearifolium DC. Noorichumb, 2200 m, 12.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9274. Coriandrum sativum L. Rajouri, Thanna Mandi, 1450 m, cultivated, 29.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9611; Rajouri, Fatehpur, 1100 m, 22.11.1987, G. H. Dar 9477; Rajouri, Behrote, 1100 m, 3.1.1988, G. H. Dar 9505. Daucus carota L. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1408. Foeniculum vulgare Miller Rajouri, 950 m, 20.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9582. Pimpinella stewartii (Dunn) E. Nasir Rajouri, 950 m, single plant in flower bed, flowers white, 31.8.1988, G. H. Dar 9761. 319 Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India Table 1. Continued. PLANT TAXA DETAILS OF EXSICCATAE Scandix pectin-veneris L. Rajouri, 950 m, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9657; Rajouri, Jawhar Nagar, 970 m, 15.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9560; Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1408. Araliaceae Hedera nepalensis Koch. Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 2200 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1246; Rajouri, Palma, 1900 m, G. H. Dar 9299. Asclepiadaceae Pergularia extensa N.E. Brown Rajouri, roadsides, 950 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1105 a. Vincetoxicum hirundinaria Medicus Rajouri, Nowshera road, 800 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1105 b. Asteraceae Achillea millefolium L. Rajouri, Shahdara Sharief, 1550 m, grassy slopes along road, 16.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9286; Poonch, Bufliaz, 2100 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1238. Anaphalis cinnamomea C. B. Clarke Rajouri, Ujhan, 1100 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9772; Rajouri, Kheora, 1100 m, 20.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9447. Anaphalis contorta Hook. f. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1100 m, 20.11.1987, G. H. Dar 9476. Arctium lappa L. Poonch, Bufliaz, 1800 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 940. Artemisia absinthium L. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1240. Artemisia vulgaris L. Rajouri: Dangri, and Poonch: Lohren, 2100 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1081. Artemisia nilagirica (Clarke) Pamp. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9375. Artemisia parviflora Roxb. Rajouri, Palma, 1000 m, 15.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9431; Rajouri, Ujhan, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9777. Artemisia tournefortiana Reichb. Rajouri, Rathal, 1210 m, 21.1.2010, Akhtar 1065. Aster albescens Hand.-Mazz. Poonch, 950 m, 16.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9865. Bidens chinensis (L.) Willd. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, rays white, disk yellow, 19.10.1988, G. H. Dar 9796. Bidens tripartita L. Rajouri, Shahdara-Sharief, 1550 m, 20.1.2010, Akhtar 1062; Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 15.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9665. Calendula officinalis L. Poonch, 950 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 959, cultivated. Carduus edelbergii Rech. f. Poonch, Lohren, 2200 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 955. Centaurea iberica Trev.ex Spreng. Poonch, Lohren, 2200 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 950. Cichorium intybus L. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 20.8.1988, G. H. Dar 9745. Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. Poonch, Lohren, 2150 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1555. Cirsium falconeri (Hook. f.) Petrak Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 2200 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1555. Cirsium wallichii DC. Rajouri: Budhal, and Poonch: Lohren, 2150 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1155. Conyza bonariensis (L.) Cronquist Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, 22.9.1987, G. H. Dar 4515; Poonch, Mendhar, 1000 m, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9528. Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist Rajouri, Ujhan, 1100 m, 20.8.1988, G. H. Dar 9776; Rajouri, Shahdara Sharief, 1550 m, gravel slopes along road 16.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9287. Cotula anthemoides L. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1643 a. Crepis sancta Babc. Poonch , Lohren road, 1800 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1643 b. Echinops cornigerus DC. Poonch, Bufliaz, 2200 m, 20.10.2005, Z. S. Khan 1234. Galinsoga parviflora Cav. Rajouri, Shahdara Sharief, 1500 m, 12.7.1988. G. H. Dar 9569; Rajouri, Behrote, 1200 m, 10.1.1988, G. H. Dar 9506; Poonch, Lohren forest, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1243. Gnaphalium luteo-album L. Rajouri, Jawhar Nagar,950 m, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9637; Rajouri, Darhal ,1600 m, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9626 and 25.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9748; Moradpur, Nowshera , 830 m, 10.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9705. Helianthus annuus L. Rajouri, Rathal, 1200 m, 21.1.2010, Akhtar 1565, cultivated. Inula cappa (Ham.) DC. Rajouri, Palma, 1000 m, 20.10.1987. G. H. Dar 9452; Rajouri, Ujhan, 1100 m, 15.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9433; Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, shrubby plant growing along stony slopes, flowers yellow, 19.10.1988, G. H. Dar 9795. Ixeris polycephala Cass. Poonch, Mendhar, 950 m, heads yellow, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9520. Lactuca dissecta D. Don Poonch-Bufliaz road, 1800 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 957. Lactuca serriola L. Rajouri, Kalakote, 780 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1079. Launaea procumbens (Roxb.) Ram. & Raj. Rajouri, Chowdhary Nar, 1100 m, 24.11.1987, G. H. Dar 9482. Myriactis nepalensis Less Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, 25.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9749. Parthenium hysterophorus L. Rajouri, Nowshera-Poonch roadsides, 900 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1100. Saussurea heteromalla (D. Don) Hand.-Mazz. Rajouri, Chingus, 860 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1081. Sonchus arvensis L Poonch, Mendhar, 950 m, sides of water courses, heads yellow, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9521. Siegesbeckia orientalis L. Rajouri, Behrote, 1000 m, 27.12.1987, G. H. Dar 9502. Tagetes minuta L. Poonch, Pheeri Jhalas, Mendhar, 1150 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1162. Taraxacum officinale Weber Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9620; Poonch, Bufliaz, 2100 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar Tussilago farfara L. Poonch, Lohren forest, 2250 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1245. Vernonia cinerea (L.) Lees. Rajouri, 950 m, 20. 03.1988, G. H. Dar 9684. Xanthium strumarium L. Rajouri, Revenue Colony, 950 m, 1.12.1987, G. H. Dar 9487. 320 Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India Table 1. Continued. PLANT TAXA DETAILS OF EXSICCATAE Balsaminaceae Impatiens balsamina L. Rajouri, Darhal, Bodharoo, 1550 m, 20.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9400; Rajouri, Chowdhary Nar, 15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9316; Poonch, Lohren, 2200 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1258. Berberidaceae Berberis glaucocarpa Stapf. Rajouri , Muradpur, Nowshera, 830 m, 15.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9670. Berberis lycium Royle Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, 20.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9682; Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar Boraginaceae Anchusa arvensis (L.) Bieb. ssp. orientalis (L.) Rajouri, roadsides, 950 m, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9648. Nordh Cynoglossum glochidiatum Wall. ex Benth. Poonch, Bufliaz, 2000 m, 12.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9258. Trichodesma indicum (L.) R. Br. var. amplexicaule Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, exposed slopes; flowers light blue, 15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9371. (Roth) T. Cooke Brassicaceae Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, flowers white, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9538. Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. & Coss. Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, cultivated, flowers yellow, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9525 Brassica rapa L ssp. campestris (L.) Clapham. Rajouri , Fatehpur ,1000 m, 21.11.1987, G. H. Dar 9475. Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9542; Rajouri, Jawhar Nagar, 1000 m, 15.7.1988, G. H. Dar 9550. Cardamine impatiens L. Rajouri, Thanna Mandi,1400 m, 15.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9727. Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm. Rajouri, City, Ward 10, 950 m, Masonry bunds along vegetable fields, 25.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9338. Eruca sativa Mill. Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, in cultivated mustard fields, flowers yellowish, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9526; Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, 26.2.1988. G. H. Dar 9599. Lepidium capitatum Hook. f. & Thomson Rajouri, Shahdara Sharief, 1550 m, 17.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9572; Rajouri, Behrote, 1100 m, 1.1.1988. G. H. Dar 9503. Lepidium sativum L. Rajouri, Darhal, 1550, 23.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9587. Lepidium virginicum L. Rajouri City, near Army Theater, roadsides slopes, 950 m, 22.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9313 Nasturtium officinale R. Br. Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, 15.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9730. Buxaceae Buxus wallichiana Baill. Rajouri, Gabar Forest, Budhal; Poonch, Bufliaz , 2000 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1198. Basellaceae Basella rubra L. Rajouri, Gabar Forest, Budhal, 2000 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 992. Caesalpiniaceae Bauhinia variegata L. Rajouri, main road, 950 m, 5. 1.2010, Akhtar 1219. Cassia occidentalis L. Rajouri, 950 m, flowers pure yellow, 2.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9385 a. Cassia tora L. Rajouri, 950 m, 20.9.1987, flowers pure yellow, G. H. Dar 9385 b. Campanulaceae Campanula pallida Wallich Rajouri, Jawhar Nagar, 950 m, 15.4.1988 , G. H. Dar 9731. Cannabaceae Cannabis sativa L. Rajouri, 950 m, near bus stand, abundant on wastelands, roadsides and along vegetable fields, 22.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9318; Poonch, Lohren road 1900 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1290. Capparaceae Cleome viscosa L. Poonch, 950 m, sandy slopes, flowers yellow, 18.10.1988, G. H. Dar 9793. Caprifoliaceae Viburnum grandiflorum Wall. ex DC. Rajouri, 950 m, 5.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9243; Poonch, Lohren, 1900 m, 09. 01. 2010, Akhtar 1218. Caryophyllaceae Cerastium cerastoides (L.) Britton Poonch, Surankote nullah, 1500 m, 7.1.2010, Akhtar 1256. Dianthus crinitus Smith Rajouri, 950 m, 30.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9652. Stellaria media (L.) Vill. Rajouri, Budhal, 2000 m, 20.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9583; Poonch, Lohren, 2000 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar Silene conoidea L. Rajouri, Sora, Behrote, 1000 m, 20.12.1987, G. H. Dar 9494 Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 918. Vaccaria pyramidata Medik Rajouri, 950 m, 30.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9752. Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium album L. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1503. Chenopodium botrys L. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1 2010, Akhtar 1261. Chenopodium foliosum (Moench) Aschers. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 09. 01. 2010, Akhtar 961. Chenopodium hybridum L. Poonch, Bufliaz, 2000 m, 9.1 2010, Akhtar 965. Chenopodium murale L. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 962. Kochia scoparia (L.) Schrad. Rajouri, 950 m, 20.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9395. Convolvulaceae Convolvulus arvensis L. Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 2000 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1507. 321 Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India Table 1. Continued. PLANT TAXA DETAILS OF EXSICCATAE Ipomoea crassicaulis (Benth.) B. L. Robinson Rajouri, 950 m, gregarious milky shrub, 15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9372. Ipomoea hispida (Vahl) Roem. & Schult. Rajouri, Khoblan ,1000 m, 26.12.1987, G. H. Dar 9501 Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth Rajouri, 950 m, 22. 08. 1987, G. H. Dar 9324; 20.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9455. Ipomoea purpurea Roth Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 2000 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 907, 1401. Cucurbitaceae Diplocyclos palmatus (L.) C. Jaffery Rajouri, Sunderbani, 600 m, climbing along hedges, 2.9.1987, G. H. Dar Ehretiaceae Ehretia aspera Roxb. Nowshera, Moradpur, 820 m, 10.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9704. Ericaceae Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Poonch, Kanglie, Surankote, 1280 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1122. Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia helioscopia L. Rajouri, Shahdara Sharief, 1550 m, waste ground 17.8.1988, G. H. Dar 9566. Euphorbia hispida Boiss. Poonch, Surankote, 1300 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1250. Euphorbia wallichii Hook. f. Poonch, Lohren, 2200 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1249. Phyllanthus emblica L. (Emblica officinalis Rajouri, Dak Bunglaw, 950 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1220. Gaertn.) Fagaceae Quercus baloot Griffith Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 2000 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1138. Quercus incana Roxb. Poonch, Khataoyian, Mendhar, 1190 m, 10.1.2010., Akhtar 1133. Quercus glauca Thunb. Rajouri, Haryan, Budhal, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1098. Fumariaceae Fumaria indica (Haussk.) Pugsley Rajouri, 950 m, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9638; Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1280. Gentianaceae Swertia angustifolia Buch.-Ham ex D. Don Rajouri, Chowdhary Nar, 1100 m, 15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 8361; Rajouri, Ujhan, 1100 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9779. Gentiana aprica Decne. Rajouri, 950 m, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9629. Gentiana carinata Griseb. Poonch, Bufliaz, Mughal road, 2250 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 980. Gentiana argentea (Royle ex D. Don) DC. Poonch, Surankote, 1300 m, grassy slopes, 15.4 1988, G. H. Dar 9733. Geraniaceae Geranium rotundifolium L. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9619; Rajouri, Nowshera, 800 m, 20.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9736. Hypericaceae Hypericum perforatum L. Rajouri, Fatehpur, 1000 m, 22.11.1987, G. H. Dar 9478. Hippocastanaceae Aesculus indica (Wall. ex Cambess.) Hook. f. Poonch, Bufliaz, 2000 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1234. Hamamelidaceae Parrotiopsis jacquemontiana (Dcne.) Rehder Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 2100 m, 7.1.2010, Akhtar 1233. Lamiaceae Ajuga bracteosa Wall. ex Benth. Rajouri, Chowdhary Nar, 1050 m, dry slopes, 15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9370. Ajuga parviflora Benth. Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, borders of cultivated fields, 20.3. 1988, G. H. Dar 9680; Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1102. Clinopodium umbrosum (M. Bieb.) C. Koch Rajouri, 950 m, in cultivated fields, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9650; Kheora, Rajouri 30.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9697. Colebrookea oppositifolia Smith Rajouri, Moradpur, Nowshera, 820 m, 10.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9706; Mendhar, Pokrow, 1350 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar1134. Isodon rugosus (Wall. ex Benth.) Codd Rajouri, 950 m, sandy slopes, 20.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9384. Lamium amplexicaule L. Rajouri, Jawhar Nagar, 950 m, along vegetable fields 5.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9512; Shahdara Sharief, 1550 m, 17.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9567. Lycopus europaeus L. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, damp fields, 15. 9. 1987, G. H. Dar 9354. Leucas cephalotes (Roth) Spreng. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, scrubby slopes, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9622. Leucas mollissima Wall. ex Benth. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 20.5.1988, G. H. Dar 9754. Mentha longifolia (L.) L. Poonch, Gabbar forest, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1427. Mentha royleana Benth. Rajouri, Chowdhary Nar, 1050 m, boarders of cultivated fields, 15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9365. Micromeria biflora (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, sandy slopes, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9531; Rajouri, Fatehpur, 1000 m, dry Benth. slopes, 24 11.1987, G. H. Dar 9481. Nepeta hindostana (Roth) Haines Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 4.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9617. Ocimum basilicum L. Rajouri, Manjakot, 1000 m, in cultivated fields, 20.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9689. Origanum vulgare L. Rajouri, Shahdara Sharief, 1550 m, gravel slopes along roadsides, flowers white, 16.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9290. Prunella vulgaris L. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, moist roadsides, 27. 09. 1988, G. H. Dar 9785; Poonch, Gabber forest, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 927. 322 Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India Table 1. Continued. PLANT TAXA DETAILS OF EXSICCATAE Stachys emodi Hedge Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, moist roadsides, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9783. Thymus linearis Benth. Poonch, Lohren forest, 2200 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1501. Juglandaceae Julglans regia L. Poonch, Gabbar forest, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar1201. Buddlejaceae Buddleja asiatica Lour. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1050 m, 3.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9614; Poonch proper, 950 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1278. Buddleja crispa Benth. Poonch Road, 950 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1210. Lythraceae Woodfordia fruticosa (L.) S. Kurz Poonch, Noorichumb, 2200 m, 12.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9267. Malvaceae Abutilon bidendatum Hochst. ex A. Rich. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9782 (seeds 3 per mericarp). Hibiscus schizopetalus (Masters) Hook. f. Rajouri, City, Ward No. 10, 950 m, grown as ornamental shrub, flowers red, 22.8.1987, G. H. Dar Malva neglecta Wallr. Poonch, Lohren, 2200 m, 9. 1.2010, Akhtar 923. Malva parviflora L. Shahdara Sharief, Rajouri, 1550 m, plants not more than 30 cm high; flowers purplish-pink, 17.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9563; Thanna Mandi, plants to 50 cm high, flowers pinkish, 22.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9330. The present collections represent the first authentic specimens of this species in KASH, because all its earlier reports from the Jammu and Kashmir State have been found to be based on misidentification of its allied species, M. microcarpa Pers. (see Naqshi et al. 1988: 1514). The main distinguishing character of M. parviflora is its mericarps having winged and distinctly hooked margins. Malvastrum coromandelianum (L.) Garcke Rajouri city, near bus stand, 950 m, abundant along roadsides, lawns, cultivated fields, wastelands, etc., flowers yellow, 22.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9323; Rajouri, Jawharnagar, 0950 m, 15.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9725; Rajouri city, Kitchen garden sides, 22.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9326; Rajouri, Dack Banglow lawn, abundant, plants ascending to erect, flowers yellow, 31.8.1988, G. H. Dar 9758; Ujhan, Rajouri 15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9353 and 20.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9408b; Rajouri, Nowshera, 820 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1110. Sida cordata (Burm. f.) Borssum Waalkes Rajouri, 950 m, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9628. Sida rhombifolia L. (S. yunnanensis Hu.) Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, roadside slopes, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9787. Meliaceae Melia azedarach L. Rajouri, 950, roadsides, 20.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9691; Rajouri, 950 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1299. The drupes are persistent through the winter and fall by ending February. Toona ciliata Roem. Rajouri, Darhal road, 1400 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1221. Moraceae Ficus carica L. Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m and Poonch, Surankote, 1300 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar1222. Ficus palmata Frossk. Rajouri, Budhal, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1153. Morus alba L. Poonch, Lohren, 2000 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1223. Myrtaceae Callistemon citrinus (Curtis) Stapf Budhal, Haryan, 1800 m, 5.1.2 010, Akhtar 1140. Eucalyptus alba Reinw. ex Bl. Poonch, Dak Bunglow, 950 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1123. Eucalyptus globulus Labbil. Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, and Poonch road, 950 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1645. Eucalyptus tereticornis Sm. Rajouri road, 950 m, 7.10.2006, Z. S. Khan 1345. Mimosaceae Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. Poonch, Surankote road, 1350 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1221. Oleaceae Olea ferruginea Royle Rajouri Biodiversity Park, 960 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1224. Onagraceae Oenothera rosea Soland. Rajouri, Soland, 10.4.1988, G. H. Dar 9721; Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 2000 m, 12.1.2010, Akhtar Oxalidaceae Oxalis corniculata L. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 27. 02. 1988, G. H. Dar 9681. Papilionaceae Astragalus grahamianus Royle ex Benth. Poonch, Bufliaz road, 2000 m, 9.1 2010, Akhtar 934. Lotus corniculatus L. Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9540. Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Muell. Nowshera, Rajouri, 820 m, 6.1 2010, Akhtar 1107 Melilotus indica (L.) All. Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, flowers yellow, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9539. Trifolium fragiferum L. Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, cultivated as fodder, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9541. Trifolium pratense L. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1271. Trifolium repens L. Rajouri, Jawahar Nagar, 0950 m, 30.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9696; Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9529; Poonch, Lohren forest, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1264. Lathyrus aphaca L. Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, 10.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9548. 323 Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India Table 1. Continued. PLANT TAXA DETAILS OF EXSICCATAE Indigofera cassioides Rottl. ex DC. Rajouri, Nowshera, 820 m, 30.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9685. Indigofera heterantha Wall. ex Brandis Poonch, Dookrie ,1700 m, 11.1.2010, Akhtar 1227. Indigofera cordifolia Heyne ex. Roth Rajouri, 950 m, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9632. Vicia sativa L. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 26.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9592; Poonch, Bufliaz road, 1700 m, 7.1.2010, Akhtar 1459. Medicago lupulina L. Rajouri, 950 m, 15.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9678. Medicago polymorpha L. Rajouri, Jawhar Nagar, 0950 m, 10.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9658. Medicago sativa L. Poonch, Bufliaz road,1800 m, 7.1.2010, Akhtar 1453. Tephrosia strigosa (Dalz.) Sant. & Maheshw. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, 27.7.1988, G. H. Dar 9770. Robinia pseudoacacia L. Rajouri, Gabber forest, Budhal, 1800 m, Akhtar 1202. Desmodium laxiflorum DC. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9788. Crotalaria medicaginea Lamk. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9780. Lespedeza juncea (L. f.) Pers. Rajouri, Fatehpur, 1000 m, 20.11.1987, G. H. Dar 9470. Plantaginaceae Plantago lanceolata L. Rajouri, Budhal, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1511. Plantago major L Rajouri, Budhal, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1512. Platanaceae Platanus orientalis L Rajouri, Darhal, 1560 m, 6.1 2010, Akhta 1581 Papaveraceae Argemone mexicana L. Rajouri, City, 950 m, roadside slopes, flowers purple, anthers yellow, 25.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9342. Pittosporaceae Pittosporum nepaulense (DC.) Rehder & Wilson Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9537. Plumbaginaceae Plumbago zeylanica L. Rajouri, 950 m, scrubby slopes, 20.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9295. Podophyllaceae Podophyllum hexandrum Royle. Poonch, Lohren forest, 2200 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 951. Polygonaceae Fagopyrum esculentum Moench Rajouri, Rathal, 1200 m, 20.1.2010, Akhtar 1057. Oxyria digyna (L.) Hill Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 951. Polygonum orientale L. Rajouri, Rathal, 1200 m, 20.1.2010, Akhtar 1056. Rumex acetosa L. Poonch, Bufliaz, 1800 m, 10. 01. 2010, Akhtar 1465. Rumex dentatus L. Poonch, Bufliaz, 1800 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 965. Rumex hastatus D. Don Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, and Poonch, Bufliaz, 1800 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1310. Rumex nepalensis Spreng. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1254. Polygonum affine D. Don Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 954. Polygonum hydropiper L. Rajouri, Palma, 1000 m, 20.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9454. Polygonum plebejum R. Br. Rajouri, 950 m, grasslands, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9649. Portulacaceae Portulaca oleracea L. Rajouri, city, 950 m, waste ground near bus stand, 22.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9306. Primulaceae Anagallis arvensis L. Rajouri, Jawharnagar, 1100 m, 10.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9546. Androsace rotundifolia Hardw. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1054. Androsace umbellata (Lour.) Merr. Poonch; Mendhar, 900 m, along water courses, flowers white, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9537. Punicaceae Punica granatum L. Rajouri, Nowshera, 820 m, growing wild on hillocks, 20.9.1987, G. H. Dar 993 ; Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 6.1 2010, Akhtar 1225. Ranunculaceae Anemone obtusiloba D. Don Rajouri, Budhal forest, 2200 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1549. Aquilegia fragrans Benth. Rajouri, Budhal forest, 2200 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1550. Caltha palustris L. var. alba (Jacq. ex Camb.) Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.10.2010, Akhtar 1609. Hook. f. and Thoms. Clematis gouriana Roxb. Rajouri, Moradpur Nowshera, 820 m, 10.4 1988, G. H. Dar 9713; Ujhan Rajouri, 20.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9409. Clematis grata Wall. Rajouri, 950 m, 20.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9457. Thalictrum alpinum L. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1254. Ranunculus arvensis L. Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, common, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9533. Ranunculus hirtellus Royle Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1609 Ranunculus laetus Wall. ex Hook. f. & Thoms Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1409. Ranunculus sceleratus L. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 15.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9666. 324 Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India Table 1. Continued. PLANT TAXA DETAILS OF EXSICCATAE Resedaceae Oligomeris linifolia (Vahl.) Macbride Rajouri, Haryan, Budhal, 1800 m, 5.1 2010, Akhtar 1151. Rhamnaceae Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk. Rajouri, in front of D.C. office, 950 m, large shrub, up to 3 m, leaves leathery, green above, brownish beneath, 10.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9430, ‘Ber’; Poonch, Bufliaz, 1900 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. var. fruticosa (Haines) Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, roadside hedges, 8.10 1987, fruits yellowish-green, G. H. Dar 9426. Seb. and Balak. Ziziphus oxyphylla Edgew. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, roadside hedges, mature fruits red, 8.10.1987 G. H. Dar 9424. Rosaceae Cydonia oblonga Mill. Poonch, Surankote, 1350 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1426. Cotoneaster nummularia Fisch. & C. A. Mey. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2 010, Akhtar 1209. Duchesnia indica (Andr.) Focke, Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 20.5.1988, G. H. Dar 9753; Poonch Mendhar, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9544. Fragaria nubicola Lindley ex Lacaita Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1251. Geum roylei Bolle Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1212. Prinsepia utilis Royle Rajouri, Haryan Budhal, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1365. Potentilla nepalensis Hook. Rajouri, Deragali, 1800 m, flowers red, 12.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9276. Prunus armeniaca L. Rajouri,, Haryan Budhal, 1800 m, 5.1 2010, Akhtar 1565 Pyrus pashia Buch.- Ham. ex D. Don Poonch, Bufliaz road, 1800 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1225. Malus domestica Borkh Poonch, Bufliaz, 2000 m, 9.1.2010. Akhtar 1424. Prunus persica (L.) Batsch. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1527. Prunus cerasus L. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1528. Prunus tomentosa Thunb. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1528. Rosa webbiana Wall. ex Royle Poonch, Bufliaz, 2000 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1252. Rubus niveus Thunb. Poonch, Lohren, 2200 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1407. Rubus ulmifolius Schott Poonch, Surankote, 1350 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1421. Rubus ellipticus Smith Rajouri, Jawharnagar, 0950 m, 20.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9580. Spiraea bella Sims Rajouri, Haryan, Budhal, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1834. Rubiaceae Galium asperifolium Wall. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 22.1.2010, Akhtar 1315. Oldenlandia retrorsa Boiss. Rajouri, Thani Mundi, 1400 m, 20.1.2010, Akhtar 1074. Rubia cordifolia L. Rajouri: Kheora, 1000 m, along hedges, 8.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9421. According to Hara and Williams (1977), the correct name for our species is R. wallichiana Decne (which is characterized by smaller, whitish, or grayish-white flowers and blakish fruits) - R. cordifolia is said to have red fruits and not occurring in our area. Rutaceae Zanthoxylum armatum DC. Rajouri, Thania Mandi, 1400 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1227. Salicaceae Populus ciliata Wall. ex Royle Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1204. Salix alba L. Poonch, Bufliaz road, 1800 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1206. Salix babylonica L. Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m and Poonch, Surankote, 1350 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1205. Sapindaceae Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn. Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1228. Scrophulariaceae Limosella aquatica L. Rajouri Air field, 950 m, 4.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9235. Lindenbergia indica (L.) Vatke Rajouri, Shahdara Sharief, 1550 m, 16.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9281. On gravel and sandy slopes along road to shrine, flowers yellow. Lindernia crustacea (L.) F.V. Mueller Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, moist places, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9774; Rajouri Kheora, moist roadsides, flowers purple, 10.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9428; 05. 03. 1988, G. H. Dar 9640; Degree College campus, 1.10.1988, G. H. Dar 9792 (flowers white); Deragali, Poonch, 12.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9256. Mimulus strictus Benth. Rajouri, 950 m, moist places in paddy fields. Flowers light purple, (stated to be white or pale blue in Indian plants) 18.1.1988, G. H. Dar 9509. Mazus japonicas (Thunb.) O. Ktze Rajouri, Bonati, 1000 m, along cultivated fields, 5.3.1988, G. H. Dar 965; Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, sides of water courses in cultivated fields, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9543. Mazus surculosus D. Don. Poonch, Noorichumb, 2200 m, often grassy hill slopes, 12.8.1987. G. H. Dar 9251. A diffuse, stoloniferous plant with ± rounded leaf blades and rounded teeth or lobes. Veronica biloba L. Poonch, Lohren road, 1900 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 927. Veronica persica Poir. Rajouri, 950 m, along vegetable fields, 20.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9500; Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, common, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9534; Budhal, Rajouri, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1159. Veronica melissifolia Desf. ex Poir. (V. laxa Mendhar, Saki Maidian, Poonch, 900 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1127. Benth.). Veronica beccabunga L. Rajouri, Budhal, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1502. 325 Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India Table 1. Continued. PLANT TAXA DETAILS OF EXSICCATAE Wulfenia amherstiana Wall. ex Benth. Noorichumb, Poonch, 2200 m, flowers violet blue 12.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9258. An interesting plant with ± horizontal flowers and far exserted filiform styles, especially conspicuous after falling of corolla. Simaroubaceae Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle Poonch, Surankote, 1350 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1215. Solanaceae Atropa acuminata Royle Poonch, Lohren forest, 2450 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1225. Cestrum nocturnum L. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 9.7.1987, G. H. Dar 9790. Datura stramonium L. Rajouri city roadsides and waste places, 950 m, flowers white, tube bluish, 22.8.1987, G. H. Dar Hyoscyamus niger L. Poonch, Lohren forest, 2300 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 925. Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Viv. Rajouri, Sora, 1000 m, 20.12.1987, G. H. Dar 9495. Physalis minima L. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 9.7.1987, G. H. Dar 9390. Solanum miniatum Bernh. ex Willd. Rajouri, roadsides, 950 m, 5. 3.1988, G. H. Dar 964; Rajouri city, along Kitchen gardens, flowers white, peduncles longer than pedicels, berries black, 28.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9325 (other forms with peduncles shorter than pedicles, and berries red are seen at Noorichumb); Rajouri, Budhal, 1900 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1502. Solanum incanum L. Rajouri, Kalakote, 780 m, waste places, flowers cream-white, 1.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9346. Solanum pseudocapsicum L. Rajouri, Darhal, 1550 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1589. Solanum erianthum D. Don Poonch, Lohren, 2200 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1725. Theaceae Eurya acuminata DC. Poonch, Dera Ki Gali, 1800 m, 20.102006, Z. S. Khan 1234. Thymeleaceae Daphne oleoides Schreber Poonch, Lohren forest, 2200 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1247. Tiliaceae Grewia optiva Drummond ex Burret Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 30.3.1988, G. H. Dar 9686; Rajouri, 950 m, 20.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9458; Poonch road, 900 m, 10.1.2010, Akhtar 1213; Rajouri, Budhal forest, 2200 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar Corchorus aestuans L. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1000 m, along cultivated and waste fields, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9781. A course fibre is occasionally extracted from this plant in parts of India which is of no commercial value. The roots and leaves are said to cure gonorrhoea and used in making an injection for urethral discharge. The seeds are stomachiac and used in treating pneumonia. Ulmaceae Celtis australis L. Rajouri, Budhal forest and Poonch, Surankote, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar1202. Ulmus villosa Brandis ex Gamble Poonch, Lohren, 2200 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1291; Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m a frequent tree, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9517. Urticaceae Debregeasia salicifolia (D. Don) Rendle Rajouri: Shahdara Sharief, 1550 m, common shrub with reddish brown, grey-tomentose branches and white-tomentose undersurface of leaves; male perianth light pink, 17.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9561. Pilea umbrosa Wedd. Poonch, Noorichumb, 2200 m, moist scrubby slopes, 12.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9278. Urtica dioica L. Poonch, Lohren, 2200 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1411. Violaceae Viola biflora L. Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 1800 m, 8.1.2010, Akhtar 1249 b. Viola odorata L. Poonch, Bufliaz forest, 1800 m, 5.1.2010, Akhtar 1249 a. Angiosperms: Monocotyledons Alliaceae Allium jacquemontii Kunth Rajouri, 1000 m, sandy slopes along roadsides enroute to the Degree College, 25.4.1988, G. H.Dar Araceae Arisaema flavum (Forssk.) Schott. Pooonch, Noorichumb, 2200 m, common throughout, right from Rajouri, 12.8.1987, G. H. Dar Arecaceae Phoenix humilis Royle Rajouri city, lawns and parks, 950 m, 9.8.1993, G. H. Dar 9953. Cyperaceae Cyperus difformis L. Rajouri, Sora, 1000 m, 20.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9695. Cyperus exaltatus Retz. Rajouri, 950 m, 22.7.1987, G. H. Dar 9195. Cyperus rotundus L. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 22.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9295. Fimbristylis bisumbellata (Forssk.) Bub. Rajouri, 950 m, 30.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9945. Scirpus juncoides Roxb. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 21.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9795. Liliaceae Colchicum luteum Baker Poonch, Lohren forest, 2300 m, 9.1.2010. Akhtar 1294. Fritillaria imperialis L. Poonch, Lohren forest, 2300 m, 9.1.2010. Akhtar 1295. Orchidaceae 326 Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India Table 1. Continued. PLANT TAXA DETAILS OF EXSICCATAE Spiranthes lancea (Thunb.) Backer Rajouri, Thanna Mandi, 1500 m, 20.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9579. Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schlechter Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, moist sides of water channels, infrequent, 6.2.1988, G. H. Dar 9545. A small annual herb, flowers white with reddish tinge. Poaceae Agrostis munroana Aitch. & Hemsl. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 20.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9439; Ujhan, Rajouri ,15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9352. Apluda mutica L. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 20.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9445. Arthraxon lancifolius (Trin.) Hochst. Rajouri, Chingus, Nowshera, 860 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1104. Bothriochloa ischaemum (L.) Keng Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, crop field, 9.1.2010, .Akhtar 1278. Brachiaria ramosa (L.) Griseb. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1100 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9879. Bromus japonicus Thunb. ex Murr. Poonch road, 950 m, 6.1.2010, Akhtar 1405. Capillipedium assimile (Steud.) A. Camus Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 20.10.1987, G. H. Dar 9442. Chrysopogon gryllus Trin. ssp. echinulatus (Nees) Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, 6. 2.1988, G. H. Dar 9522. T. A. Cope Cymbopogon pospischilii (K. Schum.) C. E. Rajouri, Chowdhary Nar, 1050 m, 15.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9356. Hubbard Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) Wats. Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 20.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9391. Cymbopogon distans (Nees ex Steud.) Wat Rajouri, 950 m, 1.12.1987, G. H. Dar 9489. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1279. Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koel. Rajouri, 950 m, 30.8.1988, G. H. Dar 9948. Digtaria setigera Roth ex Roem. & Schult. Rajouri, Air field, 950 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9919. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Rajouri, 950 m, 30.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9345. Hemarthria compressa (L. f.) R. Br. Rajouri, 950 m, 31.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9763. Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeuschel Rajouri, Kheora, 1000 m, 20.9.1987, G. H. Dar 9394. Isachne himalaica Hook. f. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1050 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9889. Lolium perenne L. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1268. Oplismenus compositus (L.) P. Beauv. Rajouri, 950 m, 31.8.1988, G. H. Dar 9997. Pennisetum orientale L. C. Rich. Rajouri, Chowdhary Nar, 1050 m, 20.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9358; Kheora, Rajouri, 20.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9359; Poonch , Noorichumb, 2200 m, 12.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9257. Phragmites karka (Retz.) Trin. ex Steud. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1050 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9989. Poa pratensis L. Poonch, Bufliaz, 1800 m, 8.1.2010. Akhtar 1269. Poa bulbosa L. Poonch, Bufliaz, 1800 m, 8.1.2010. Akhtar 1452. Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roem. & Schult. Rajouri, 950 m, 30.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9947. Setaria viridis (L.) P. Beauv. Rajouri, 950 m, 30.8.1987, G. H. Dar 9946. Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers. Poonch, Lohren, 2100 m, crop field, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1674 Sorghum nitidum (Vahl) Pers. Poonch, Lohren, 950 m, crop field, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1675 Themeda anathera (Nees ex Steud.) Hack. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1050 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9789 a. Triticum aestivum L. Cultivated. Rajouri, Ujhan, 1050 m, 27.9.1988, G. H. Dar 9789 b Stipa sibirica (L.) Lam. Poonch, Lohren forest, 2300 m, 9.1.2010, Akhtar 1129. Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton perfoliatus L. Poonch, Mendhar, 900 m, in water channels along with Chara species; 6. 2.1988, G. H. Dar 9518. Typhaceae Typha angustata Bory and Chaub. Poonch, Surankote, 1350 m, marshes and stream banks, 9.1.2010, Akhtar1621. Acknowledgments : We thank the Head, Department of Botany, Dar, G. H. and S. Farrooq. 1997. How diverse is biodiversity! Do we know? University of Kashmir, for facilitating this work. The first author is Oriental Science 2(1): 51–69. grateful to Prof. I. A. Hamal, Vice-Chancellor, BGSB University, Rajouri, Dar, G.H., Z.S. Khan and A.A. Khuroo. 2009. Documenting biodiversity: a for establishing the Mahatma Gandhi Chair on Ecology & Environment taxonomic inventory of the phanerogamic flora of Rajouri (Jammu in this University, and for providing working facilities to the staff of this & Kashmir), India; pp. 95–96, in: Souvenir & Abstracts of National Chair. The constant cheer provided by Prof. M. R. Chowdhary, Registrar of Conference on Biodiversity: Present Status and Future Challenges, 26- this University is greatly appreciated. Gratitude is due to the Ministry of 28 March, 2009. Department of Botany, University of Kashmir, Environment & Forests, Government of India, for sponsoring this Chair; Dar, G.H., A.A. Khuroo, C.S. Reddy and A.H. Malik. 2012. Impediment Dr. G. V. Subrahmanyam (Advisor) and Dr. Amit Love (Deputy Director) to taxonomy and its impact on biodiversity science: an Indian of this Ministry are especially thanked for their prompt help. The help perspective. Proceedings of National. Academy of Sciences,, India, received from Mukhtar Ahmed and Mohmad Bashir during field surveys Section B Biological Sciences 82: 235–240. and plant collection by Prof. Dar is also appreciated. The useful comments Hara, H. and L.H.J. Williams. 1977. An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of the two anonymous reviewers are gratefully acknowledged. of Nepal. Vol. 2. London: British Natural Histroy Museum. 207 pp. Hooker, J.D. 1872-97. The Flora of British India. Vols I-VII. London: L. Literature Cited Reeve and Co. Anonymous, 2012. Digest of Statistics. Directorate of Economics & Kapur, S.K. and Y.K. Sarin. 1990. Flora of Trikuta Hills (Shri Vaishno Devi Statistics, Planning and Development Department, Govt. of J & K, Shrine). Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India. 267 pp. India. Khuroo, A.A., G.H. Dar, Z.S. Khan and A.H. Malik. 2007. Exploring an Bhellum, B. L. and R. Magotra. 2012. A Catalogue of Flowering Plants of inherent interface between taxonomy and biodiversity: Current Doda, Kishtwar and Ramban Districts (Kashmir Himalayas). Bishen problems and future challenges. Journal for Nature Conservation 15: Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India, 286 pp. 256–261. 327 Dar et al. | Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts, India Kirn, H. S. 1992. Pir Panjal Range, a paradise of medicinal plants; pp. 63– Singh, G. and H.S. Kirn. 1981. Alpine plants of Poonch-Kashmir; pp. 161– 65, in: M. P. Sharma (ed.). Bahar-e-Rajouri-92. Nehru Yuva Kendra, 179, in: B.M. Sharma and P. Kachroo, Flora of Jammu and Plants of Rajouri. Neighbourhood. Vol. I. Dehra Dun: Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. Naqshi, A.R., G.H. Dar, G.N. Javeid and P. Kachroo. 1988. Malvaceae of Singh, H. 1992. Wild flowers of Rajouri mountains; pp. 60–62, in: M.P. Jammu and Kashmir State, India. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Sharma (ed.), Bahar-e-Rajouri-92. Nehru Yuva Kendra, Rajouri, Garden 75 (4): 1499–1524. Stewart, R. R. 1972. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Malik, A.H., A.A. Khuroo, G.H. Dar and Z.S. Khan. 2010. The woody flora Pakistan and Kashmir; p. 1028 In: E. Nasir and S. I. Ali (eds.), Flora of of Jammu and Kashmir State, India: an updated checklist. Journal of West Pakistan. Fakhri Press, Karachi. Economic and Taxonomic Botany 34 (2): 274–297. Swami, A. and B.K. Gupta. 1998. Flora of Udhampur. Bishen Singh Mittermeier R.A., P.R. Gil, M. Hoffmann, J. Pilgrim, T. Brooks, C.G. Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India. 455 pp. Mittermeier, J. Lamoreux and G.A.B. Da Fonseca. 2005. Hotspots Vir Jee, G.H. Dar, P. Kachroo and G.M. Bhat. 1984. Taxo-ethnobotanical Revised: Earth’s Biologically Richest and most Threatened Terrestrial studies of the rural areas in district Rajouri (Jammu). Journal of Ecoregions. Conservation International. Accessible at http://www. Economic and Taxonomic Botany 5 (4): 831–838. biodiversityhotspots.org. Captured on 15 November 2012. Seth, C.M. 1992. Forgotten lakes of Pir Panjal; pp. 31–36, in: M. P. Sharma (ed.), Bahar-e Rajouri-92. Rajouri: Nehru Yuva Kendra. Received: December 2012 Sharma, B.M. and P. Kachroo. 1981-82. Flora of Jammu and Plants of Accepted : March 2014 Neighbourhood. Vols. I-II. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Published online : May 2014 Dun, India. Editorial responsibility : Paul A. Egan

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