Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

ADAM10 is the physiologically relevant, constitutive α‐secretase of the amyloid precursor protein in primary neurons

ADAM10 is the physiologically relevant, constitutive α‐secretase of the amyloid precursor protein... The amyloid precursor protein (APP) undergoes constitutive shedding by a protease activity called α‐secretase. This is considered an important mechanism preventing the generation of the Alzheimer's disease amyloid‐β peptide (Aβ). α‐Secretase appears to be a metalloprotease of the ADAM family, but its identity remains to be established. Using a novel α‐secretase‐cleavage site‐specific antibody, we found that RNAi‐mediated knockdown of ADAM10, but surprisingly not of ADAM9 or 17, completely suppressed APP α‐secretase cleavage in different cell lines and in primary murine neurons. Other proteases were not able to compensate for this loss of α‐cleavage. This finding was further confirmed by mass‐spectrometric detection of APP‐cleavage fragments. Surprisingly, in different cell lines, the reduction of α‐secretase cleavage was not paralleled by a corresponding increase in the Aβ‐generating β‐secretase cleavage, revealing that both proteases do not always compete for APP as a substrate. Instead, our data suggest a novel pathway for APP processing, in which ADAM10 can partially compete with γ‐secretase for the cleavage of a C‐terminal APP fragment generated by β‐secretase. We conclude that ADAM10 is the physiologically relevant, constitutive α‐secretase of APP. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The EMBO Journal Wiley

ADAM10 is the physiologically relevant, constitutive α‐secretase of the amyloid precursor protein in primary neurons

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/adam10-is-the-physiologically-relevant-constitutive-secretase-of-the-bfRMGWxV0z

References (66)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc
ISSN
0261-4189
eISSN
1460-2075
DOI
10.1038/emboj.2010.167
pmid
20676056
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The amyloid precursor protein (APP) undergoes constitutive shedding by a protease activity called α‐secretase. This is considered an important mechanism preventing the generation of the Alzheimer's disease amyloid‐β peptide (Aβ). α‐Secretase appears to be a metalloprotease of the ADAM family, but its identity remains to be established. Using a novel α‐secretase‐cleavage site‐specific antibody, we found that RNAi‐mediated knockdown of ADAM10, but surprisingly not of ADAM9 or 17, completely suppressed APP α‐secretase cleavage in different cell lines and in primary murine neurons. Other proteases were not able to compensate for this loss of α‐cleavage. This finding was further confirmed by mass‐spectrometric detection of APP‐cleavage fragments. Surprisingly, in different cell lines, the reduction of α‐secretase cleavage was not paralleled by a corresponding increase in the Aβ‐generating β‐secretase cleavage, revealing that both proteases do not always compete for APP as a substrate. Instead, our data suggest a novel pathway for APP processing, in which ADAM10 can partially compete with γ‐secretase for the cleavage of a C‐terminal APP fragment generated by β‐secretase. We conclude that ADAM10 is the physiologically relevant, constitutive α‐secretase of APP.

Journal

The EMBO JournalWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2010

Keywords: ; ; ; ;

There are no references for this article.