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Adolescent suicide, depression and family dysfunction

Adolescent suicide, depression and family dysfunction This study investigated associations between adolescents' perceptions of their family dynamics (McMaster Family Assessment Device, FAD) and depression, suicide thoughts and attempts. High school students (mean age 15.2 years) completed self‐report questionnaires including the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the FAD, questions about suicidal thoughts, plans and attempts, deliberate self harm, and selected life experiences. Univariate analysis showed that family dysfunction measured on the FAD is associated with thinking and planning suicide, deliberate self harm, suicide attempts, as well as severe depression (BDI ≥ 222). Despite this, stepwise regression indicated that family dysfunction influences suicide behaviors indirectly through other variables such as depression. The FAD is recommended as a useful addition to questionnaires seeking to identify vulnerability to both depression and adolescent attempted suicide in early detection studies. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica Wiley

Adolescent suicide, depression and family dysfunction

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References (72)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1995 Wiley Subscription Services
ISSN
0001-690X
eISSN
1600-0447
DOI
10.1111/j.1600-0447.1995.tb09594.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study investigated associations between adolescents' perceptions of their family dynamics (McMaster Family Assessment Device, FAD) and depression, suicide thoughts and attempts. High school students (mean age 15.2 years) completed self‐report questionnaires including the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the FAD, questions about suicidal thoughts, plans and attempts, deliberate self harm, and selected life experiences. Univariate analysis showed that family dysfunction measured on the FAD is associated with thinking and planning suicide, deliberate self harm, suicide attempts, as well as severe depression (BDI ≥ 222). Despite this, stepwise regression indicated that family dysfunction influences suicide behaviors indirectly through other variables such as depression. The FAD is recommended as a useful addition to questionnaires seeking to identify vulnerability to both depression and adolescent attempted suicide in early detection studies.

Journal

Acta Psychiatrica ScandinavicaWiley

Published: Jan 1, 1995

Keywords: ; ; ;

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