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Association of vision impairment with suicide ideation, plans, and attempts among adults in the United States

Association of vision impairment with suicide ideation, plans, and attempts among adults in the... INTRODUCTIONBetween 1999 and 2019, suicide rates increased by 33% in the United States (Hedegaard et al., 2018). According to the three‐step theory (3ST) of suicide, intolerable physical pain and/or inescapable psychological pain must be present for there to be suicide motivation, while suicidal ideation is a function of the combination of inescapable pain (physical or psychological) and hopelessness. Klonsky and May (2015) suggested that an “ideation‐to‐action” link should guide suicide research in its theoretical development and prevention measures, arguing that the conception of suicidal ideation and the progression from ideation to suicide attempt are two distinct processes.Prior work has examined risk factors for individuals known to be at high suicide risk based on age, sex, and mental health diagnoses (Choi et al., 2015; Fässberg et al., 2016). The prevalence of suicide was high among those with major depression and perceived unmet treatment needs while receiving mental health services (Han et al., 2014; Van Orden et al., 2010). It is not until recently that suicide risk for people with disabilities has been examined. Marlow et al. (2021) found that people with various types of functional disabilities had an elevated risk for suicide‐related outcomes, compared with their nondisabled peers.Vision impairment (VI) is one of the top http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Clinical Psychology Wiley

Association of vision impairment with suicide ideation, plans, and attempts among adults in the United States

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References (96)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 2022 Wiley Periodicals LLC.
ISSN
0021-9762
eISSN
1097-4679
DOI
10.1002/jclp.23437
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

INTRODUCTIONBetween 1999 and 2019, suicide rates increased by 33% in the United States (Hedegaard et al., 2018). According to the three‐step theory (3ST) of suicide, intolerable physical pain and/or inescapable psychological pain must be present for there to be suicide motivation, while suicidal ideation is a function of the combination of inescapable pain (physical or psychological) and hopelessness. Klonsky and May (2015) suggested that an “ideation‐to‐action” link should guide suicide research in its theoretical development and prevention measures, arguing that the conception of suicidal ideation and the progression from ideation to suicide attempt are two distinct processes.Prior work has examined risk factors for individuals known to be at high suicide risk based on age, sex, and mental health diagnoses (Choi et al., 2015; Fässberg et al., 2016). The prevalence of suicide was high among those with major depression and perceived unmet treatment needs while receiving mental health services (Han et al., 2014; Van Orden et al., 2010). It is not until recently that suicide risk for people with disabilities has been examined. Marlow et al. (2021) found that people with various types of functional disabilities had an elevated risk for suicide‐related outcomes, compared with their nondisabled peers.Vision impairment (VI) is one of the top

Journal

Journal of Clinical PsychologyWiley

Published: Nov 1, 2022

Keywords: national study; suicide behaviors; suicide ideation; suicide risk; vision impairment

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