Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Subscribe now for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

BET inhibitors reduce cell size and induce reversible cell cycle arrest in AML

BET inhibitors reduce cell size and induce reversible cell cycle arrest in AML Inhibitors of the bromodomain and extraterminal domain family (BETi) offer a new approach to treat hematological malignancies, with leukemias containing mixed lineage leukemia rearrangements being especially sensitive due to a reliance on the regulation of transcription elongation. We explored the mechanism of action of BETi in cells expressing the t(8;21), and show that these compounds reduced the size of acute myeloid leukemia cells, triggered a rapid but reversible G0/G1 arrest, and with time, cause cell death. Meta‐analysis of PRO‐seq data identified ribosomal genes, which are regulated by MYC, were downregulated within 3 hours of addition of the BETi. This reduction of MYC regulated metabolic genes coincided with the loss of mitochondrial respiration and large reductions in the glycolytic rate. In addition, gene expression analysis showed that transcription of BCL2 was rapidly affected by BETi but this did not cause dramatic increases in cell death. Cell cycle arrest, lowered metabolic activity, and reduced BCL2 levels suggested that a second compound was needed to push these cells over the apoptotic threshold. Indeed, low doses of the BCL2 inhibitor, venetoclax, in combination with the BETi was a potent combination in t(8;21) containing cells. Thus, BET inhibitors that affect MYC and BCL2 expression should be considered for combination therapy with venetoclax. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Cellular Biochemistry Wiley

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/bet-inhibitors-reduce-cell-size-and-induce-reversible-cell-cycle-VY0AUGMc5X

References (57)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ISSN
0730-2312
eISSN
1097-4644
DOI
10.1002/jcb.28005
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Inhibitors of the bromodomain and extraterminal domain family (BETi) offer a new approach to treat hematological malignancies, with leukemias containing mixed lineage leukemia rearrangements being especially sensitive due to a reliance on the regulation of transcription elongation. We explored the mechanism of action of BETi in cells expressing the t(8;21), and show that these compounds reduced the size of acute myeloid leukemia cells, triggered a rapid but reversible G0/G1 arrest, and with time, cause cell death. Meta‐analysis of PRO‐seq data identified ribosomal genes, which are regulated by MYC, were downregulated within 3 hours of addition of the BETi. This reduction of MYC regulated metabolic genes coincided with the loss of mitochondrial respiration and large reductions in the glycolytic rate. In addition, gene expression analysis showed that transcription of BCL2 was rapidly affected by BETi but this did not cause dramatic increases in cell death. Cell cycle arrest, lowered metabolic activity, and reduced BCL2 levels suggested that a second compound was needed to push these cells over the apoptotic threshold. Indeed, low doses of the BCL2 inhibitor, venetoclax, in combination with the BETi was a potent combination in t(8;21) containing cells. Thus, BET inhibitors that affect MYC and BCL2 expression should be considered for combination therapy with venetoclax.

Journal

Journal of Cellular BiochemistryWiley

Published: May 1, 2019

Keywords: ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

There are no references for this article.