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Biosynthesis, function and metabolic engineering of plant volatile organic compounds

Biosynthesis, function and metabolic engineering of plant volatile organic compounds Plants synthesize an amazing diversity of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that facilitate interactions with their environment, from attracting pollinators and seed dispersers to protecting themselves from pathogens, parasites and herbivores. Recent progress in ‐omics technologies resulted in the isolation of genes encoding enzymes responsible for the biosynthesis of many volatiles and contributed to our understanding of regulatory mechanisms involved in VOC formation. In this review, we largely focus on the biosynthesis and regulation of plant volatiles, the involvement of floral volatiles in plant reproduction as well as their contribution to plant biodiversity and applications in agriculture via crop–pollinator interactions. In addition, metabolic engineering approaches for both the improvement of plant defense and pollinator attraction are discussed in light of methodological constraints and ecological complications that limit the transition of crops with modified volatile profiles from research laboratories to real‐world implementation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png New Phytologist Wiley

Biosynthesis, function and metabolic engineering of plant volatile organic compounds

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References (199)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 New Phytologist Trust
ISSN
0028-646X
eISSN
1469-8137
DOI
10.1111/nph.12145
pmid
23383981
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Plants synthesize an amazing diversity of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that facilitate interactions with their environment, from attracting pollinators and seed dispersers to protecting themselves from pathogens, parasites and herbivores. Recent progress in ‐omics technologies resulted in the isolation of genes encoding enzymes responsible for the biosynthesis of many volatiles and contributed to our understanding of regulatory mechanisms involved in VOC formation. In this review, we largely focus on the biosynthesis and regulation of plant volatiles, the involvement of floral volatiles in plant reproduction as well as their contribution to plant biodiversity and applications in agriculture via crop–pollinator interactions. In addition, metabolic engineering approaches for both the improvement of plant defense and pollinator attraction are discussed in light of methodological constraints and ecological complications that limit the transition of crops with modified volatile profiles from research laboratories to real‐world implementation.

Journal

New PhytologistWiley

Published: Apr 1, 2013

Keywords: ; ; ; ; ; ;

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