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Bulimia in adolescents: Prevalence and psychosocial correlates

Bulimia in adolescents: Prevalence and psychosocial correlates A bulimic episode during adolescence appears to be a risk factor for chronic eating disorders, yet little is known about the prevalence or psychosocial correlates of bulimia in this age group. The prevalence of bulimia was determined in a geographically, racially, and economically diverse sample of 1,373 high school boys and girls. In addition to DSM‐III criteria, a minimum binge‐eating frequency of once per month was employed. For bulimia, with purging, a minimum purging frequency of once per month was employed. Bulimia was identified in 9.6% of girls (with purging, 2.2%; without purging, 7.4%) and in 1.2% of boys (with purging, 0.1%; without purging, 1.1%). The two subtypes of bulimia subjects were demographically and psychologically equivalent. Bulimia subjects (combined) did not differ from normals on race, age, or SES. Bulimics exhibited more negative body image, negative self‐esteem, social anxiety, and depression than normals. In the total sample of students, general eating disorder symptomatology was predicted by measures of body image, depression, and social anxiety in girls and by body image and depression in boys. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Eating Disorders Wiley

Bulimia in adolescents: Prevalence and psychosocial correlates

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References (38)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1988 Wiley Periodicals, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0276-3478
eISSN
1098-108X
DOI
10.1002/1098-108X(198801)7:1<51::AID-EAT2260070106>3.0.CO;2-Q
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A bulimic episode during adolescence appears to be a risk factor for chronic eating disorders, yet little is known about the prevalence or psychosocial correlates of bulimia in this age group. The prevalence of bulimia was determined in a geographically, racially, and economically diverse sample of 1,373 high school boys and girls. In addition to DSM‐III criteria, a minimum binge‐eating frequency of once per month was employed. For bulimia, with purging, a minimum purging frequency of once per month was employed. Bulimia was identified in 9.6% of girls (with purging, 2.2%; without purging, 7.4%) and in 1.2% of boys (with purging, 0.1%; without purging, 1.1%). The two subtypes of bulimia subjects were demographically and psychologically equivalent. Bulimia subjects (combined) did not differ from normals on race, age, or SES. Bulimics exhibited more negative body image, negative self‐esteem, social anxiety, and depression than normals. In the total sample of students, general eating disorder symptomatology was predicted by measures of body image, depression, and social anxiety in girls and by body image and depression in boys.

Journal

International Journal of Eating DisordersWiley

Published: Jan 1, 1988

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