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Characteristics and quality assurance of a dedicated open 0.23 T MRI for radiation therapy simulation

Characteristics and quality assurance of a dedicated open 0.23 T MRI for radiation therapy... A commercially available open MRI unit is under routine use for radiation therapy simulation. The effects of a gradient distortion correction (GDC) program used to post process the images were assessed by comparison with the known geometry of a phantom. The GDC reduced the magnitude of the distortions at the periphery of the axial images from 12 mm to 2 mm horizontally along the central axis and distortions exceeding 20 mm were reduced to as little as 2 mm at the image periphery. Coronal and sagittal scans produced similar results. Coalescing these data into distortion as a function of radial distance, we found that for radial distances of <10 cm, the distortion after GDC was <2 mm and for radial distances up to 20 cm, the distortion was <5 mm. The dosimetric errors resulting from homogeneous dose calculations with this level of distortion of the external contour is <2%. A set of triangulation lasers has been added to establish a virtual isocenter for convenient setup and marking of patients and phantoms. Repeated measurements of geometric phantoms over several months showed variations in position between the virtual isocenter and the magnetic isocenter were constrained to <2 mm. Additionally, the interscan variations of 12 randomly selected points in space defined by a rectangular grid phantom was found to be within the intraobserver error of ∼1 mm in the coronal, sagittal, and transverse planes. Thus, the open MRI has sufficient geometric accuracy for most radiation therapy planning and is temporally stable. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Medical Physics Wiley

Characteristics and quality assurance of a dedicated open 0.23 T MRI for radiation therapy simulation

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References (26)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© American Association of Physicists in Medicine
ISSN
0094-2405
eISSN
2473-4209
DOI
10.1118/1.1513991
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A commercially available open MRI unit is under routine use for radiation therapy simulation. The effects of a gradient distortion correction (GDC) program used to post process the images were assessed by comparison with the known geometry of a phantom. The GDC reduced the magnitude of the distortions at the periphery of the axial images from 12 mm to 2 mm horizontally along the central axis and distortions exceeding 20 mm were reduced to as little as 2 mm at the image periphery. Coronal and sagittal scans produced similar results. Coalescing these data into distortion as a function of radial distance, we found that for radial distances of <10 cm, the distortion after GDC was <2 mm and for radial distances up to 20 cm, the distortion was <5 mm. The dosimetric errors resulting from homogeneous dose calculations with this level of distortion of the external contour is <2%. A set of triangulation lasers has been added to establish a virtual isocenter for convenient setup and marking of patients and phantoms. Repeated measurements of geometric phantoms over several months showed variations in position between the virtual isocenter and the magnetic isocenter were constrained to <2 mm. Additionally, the interscan variations of 12 randomly selected points in space defined by a rectangular grid phantom was found to be within the intraobserver error of ∼1 mm in the coronal, sagittal, and transverse planes. Thus, the open MRI has sufficient geometric accuracy for most radiation therapy planning and is temporally stable.

Journal

Medical PhysicsWiley

Published: Nov 1, 2002

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