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Effect of practice on standardised learning outcomes in simulation‐based medical education

Effect of practice on standardised learning outcomes in simulation‐based medical education Objectives This report synthesises a subset of 31 journal articles on high‐fidelity simulation‐based medical education containing 32 research studies drawn from a larger qualitative review published previously. These studies were selected because they present adequate data to allow for quantitative synthesis. We hypothesised an association between hours of practice in simulation‐based medical education and standardised learning outcomes measured as weighted effect sizes. Methods Journal articles were screened using 5 exclusion and inclusion criteria. Response data were extracted and 3 judges independently coded each study. Learning outcomes were standardised using a common metric, the average weighted effect size (AWES), due to the heterogeneity of response measures in individual studies. anova was used to evaluate AWES differences due to hours of practice on a high‐fidelity medical simulator cast in 5 categories. The eta squared (η2) statistic was used to assess the association between AWES and simulator practice hours. Results There is a strong association (η2 = 0.46) between hours of practice on high‐fidelity medical simulators and standardised learning outcomes. The association approximates a dose–response relationship. Conclusions Hours of high‐fidelity simulator practice have a positive, functional relationship with standardised learning outcomes in medical education. More rigorous research methods and more stringent journal editorial policies are needed to advance this field of medical education research. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Medical Education Wiley

Effect of practice on standardised learning outcomes in simulation‐based medical education

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References (18)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0308-0110
eISSN
1365-2923
DOI
10.1111/j.1365-2929.2006.02528.x
pmid
16869926
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Objectives This report synthesises a subset of 31 journal articles on high‐fidelity simulation‐based medical education containing 32 research studies drawn from a larger qualitative review published previously. These studies were selected because they present adequate data to allow for quantitative synthesis. We hypothesised an association between hours of practice in simulation‐based medical education and standardised learning outcomes measured as weighted effect sizes. Methods Journal articles were screened using 5 exclusion and inclusion criteria. Response data were extracted and 3 judges independently coded each study. Learning outcomes were standardised using a common metric, the average weighted effect size (AWES), due to the heterogeneity of response measures in individual studies. anova was used to evaluate AWES differences due to hours of practice on a high‐fidelity medical simulator cast in 5 categories. The eta squared (η2) statistic was used to assess the association between AWES and simulator practice hours. Results There is a strong association (η2 = 0.46) between hours of practice on high‐fidelity medical simulators and standardised learning outcomes. The association approximates a dose–response relationship. Conclusions Hours of high‐fidelity simulator practice have a positive, functional relationship with standardised learning outcomes in medical education. More rigorous research methods and more stringent journal editorial policies are needed to advance this field of medical education research.

Journal

Medical EducationWiley

Published: Aug 1, 2006

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