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Effects of 25 pharmaceutical compounds to Lemna gibba using a seven‐day static‐renewal test

Effects of 25 pharmaceutical compounds to Lemna gibba using a seven‐day static‐renewal test Antibiotics are known to have antichloroplastic properties, but their effects on aquatic higher plants are virtually unknown. In order to address this issue, 25 pharmaceuticals, including 22 antibiotics, were assessed for phytotoxicity to the aquatic higher plant Lemna gibba. A 7‐d static‐renewal test was used, and plants were treated with 0, 10, 30, 100, 300, and 1,000 μg/L of pharmaceutical‐containing growth media. Phytotoxicity was assessed using multiple growth and biochemical endpoints. Effective concentration (EC)50, EC25, and EC10 values as well as tests for significant differences between treatments and controls lowest‐observed‐effect concentration (LOECs) were calculated for each endpoint. Twelve different classes of antibiotics were assessed; however, only members of the fluoroquinolone, sulfonamide, and tetracycline classes of antibiotics displayed significant phytotoxicity. The most toxic members of each of these classes tested were lomefloxacin, sulfamethoxazole, and chlortetracycline, with wet weight EC25 values of 38, 37, and 114 μg/L, respectively. Injury symptoms were comparatively uniform and consistent among chemical classes while degree of phytotoxicity varied considerably. Both of these criteria varied markedly between classes. Wet mass was consistently the most sensitive endpoint above 100 μg/L; conversely, frond number was the most sensitive below 100 μg/L. Pigment endpoints were significantly less sensitive than growth endpoints. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry Wiley

Effects of 25 pharmaceutical compounds to Lemna gibba using a seven‐day static‐renewal test

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References (47)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 SETAC
ISSN
0730-7268
eISSN
1552-8618
DOI
10.1897/02-576
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Antibiotics are known to have antichloroplastic properties, but their effects on aquatic higher plants are virtually unknown. In order to address this issue, 25 pharmaceuticals, including 22 antibiotics, were assessed for phytotoxicity to the aquatic higher plant Lemna gibba. A 7‐d static‐renewal test was used, and plants were treated with 0, 10, 30, 100, 300, and 1,000 μg/L of pharmaceutical‐containing growth media. Phytotoxicity was assessed using multiple growth and biochemical endpoints. Effective concentration (EC)50, EC25, and EC10 values as well as tests for significant differences between treatments and controls lowest‐observed‐effect concentration (LOECs) were calculated for each endpoint. Twelve different classes of antibiotics were assessed; however, only members of the fluoroquinolone, sulfonamide, and tetracycline classes of antibiotics displayed significant phytotoxicity. The most toxic members of each of these classes tested were lomefloxacin, sulfamethoxazole, and chlortetracycline, with wet weight EC25 values of 38, 37, and 114 μg/L, respectively. Injury symptoms were comparatively uniform and consistent among chemical classes while degree of phytotoxicity varied considerably. Both of these criteria varied markedly between classes. Wet mass was consistently the most sensitive endpoint above 100 μg/L; conversely, frond number was the most sensitive below 100 μg/L. Pigment endpoints were significantly less sensitive than growth endpoints.

Journal

Environmental Toxicology & ChemistryWiley

Published: Feb 1, 2004

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