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Gender Differences in Entrepreneurial Propensity *

Gender Differences in Entrepreneurial Propensity * Using data from representative population surveys in 17 countries, we find that the lower rate of female business ownership is primarily due to women's lower propensity to start businesses rather than to differences in survival rates across genders. We show that women are less confident in their entrepreneurial skills, have different social networks and exhibit higher fear of failure than men. After controlling for endogeneity, we find that these variables explain a substantial part of the gender gap in entrepreneurial activity. Although, of course, their relative importance varies significantly across countries, these factors appear to have a universal effect. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Oxford Bulletin of Economics & Statistics Wiley

Gender Differences in Entrepreneurial Propensity *

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References (70)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© Blackwell Publishing Ltd and the Department of Economics, University of Oxford 2011
ISSN
0305-9049
eISSN
1468-0084
DOI
10.1111/j.1468-0084.2011.00689.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Using data from representative population surveys in 17 countries, we find that the lower rate of female business ownership is primarily due to women's lower propensity to start businesses rather than to differences in survival rates across genders. We show that women are less confident in their entrepreneurial skills, have different social networks and exhibit higher fear of failure than men. After controlling for endogeneity, we find that these variables explain a substantial part of the gender gap in entrepreneurial activity. Although, of course, their relative importance varies significantly across countries, these factors appear to have a universal effect.

Journal

Oxford Bulletin of Economics & StatisticsWiley

Published: Apr 1, 2013

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