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Hyperbaric oxygen and photodynamic therapy in the treatment of advanced carcinoma of the cardia and the esophagus

Hyperbaric oxygen and photodynamic therapy in the treatment of advanced carcinoma of the cardia... Background and Objective The photochemical reaction of photodynamic therapy (PDT) depends on the presence of molecular oxygen. Because of anoxic regions in tumor tissue and vascular shutdown during PDT, the efficiency is limited. Therefore, the use of hyperbaric oxygen, which increases the oxygen in tumor tissue, as well as the amount of singlet oxygen, may enhance the efficiency of PDT. Study Design/Materials and Methods After diagnostic work‐up, photosensitization was carried out with a hematoporphyrin‐derivate 2 mg/kg body weight 48 hours before PDT. The light dose was calculated as 300 J/cm of fiber tip. Twenty‐three patients were treated by PDT alone and 29 patients received PDT under hyperbaric oxygen at a level of two absolute atmospheric pressures. Results Improvement regarding dysphagia and stenosis‐diameter could be obtained in both treatment arms with no significant difference (P = 0.43 and P = 0.065, respectively). The tumor length also decreased in both groups and showed a significant difference in favour of the PDT/HBO group (P = 0.002). The mean overall survival was 11.3 months. The mean survival time for the PDT group was 8.7 months and for the PDT/HBO group 13.8 months (P = 0.021). Conclusion According to this pilot study, combined PDT/HBO represents a new approach in the treatment of esophageal and cardia cancer, which appears to have enhanced the efficiency of PDT. Lasers Surg. Med. 26:308–315, 2000. © 2000 Wiley‐Liss, Inc. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Lasers in Surgery and Medicine Wiley

Hyperbaric oxygen and photodynamic therapy in the treatment of advanced carcinoma of the cardia and the esophagus

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References (30)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2000 Wiley Subscription Services
ISSN
0196-8092
eISSN
1096-9101
DOI
10.1002/(SICI)1096-9101(2000)26:3<308::AID-LSM9>3.0.CO;2-B
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background and Objective The photochemical reaction of photodynamic therapy (PDT) depends on the presence of molecular oxygen. Because of anoxic regions in tumor tissue and vascular shutdown during PDT, the efficiency is limited. Therefore, the use of hyperbaric oxygen, which increases the oxygen in tumor tissue, as well as the amount of singlet oxygen, may enhance the efficiency of PDT. Study Design/Materials and Methods After diagnostic work‐up, photosensitization was carried out with a hematoporphyrin‐derivate 2 mg/kg body weight 48 hours before PDT. The light dose was calculated as 300 J/cm of fiber tip. Twenty‐three patients were treated by PDT alone and 29 patients received PDT under hyperbaric oxygen at a level of two absolute atmospheric pressures. Results Improvement regarding dysphagia and stenosis‐diameter could be obtained in both treatment arms with no significant difference (P = 0.43 and P = 0.065, respectively). The tumor length also decreased in both groups and showed a significant difference in favour of the PDT/HBO group (P = 0.002). The mean overall survival was 11.3 months. The mean survival time for the PDT group was 8.7 months and for the PDT/HBO group 13.8 months (P = 0.021). Conclusion According to this pilot study, combined PDT/HBO represents a new approach in the treatment of esophageal and cardia cancer, which appears to have enhanced the efficiency of PDT. Lasers Surg. Med. 26:308–315, 2000. © 2000 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Journal

Lasers in Surgery and MedicineWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2000

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