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Hyperbaric oxygen does not accelerate latent in vivo prostate cancer: implications for the treatment of radiation‐induced haemorrhagic cystitis

Hyperbaric oxygen does not accelerate latent in vivo prostate cancer: implications for the... OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2; often used to treat haemorrhagic cystitis, a known side‐effect after radiation therapy for prostate cancer and with the potential to induce tumour angiogenesis and stimulate latent recurrence) on indolent in vivo prostate cancer in a murine model. MATERIALS AND METHODS Human prostate LNCaP cells were injected into 60 severe combined‐immunodeficient mice; of these 24 (40%) did not develop palpable tumours after 6 weeks. They were randomized to undergo 20 sessions of either HBO2 or normobaric air in standardized conditions, and observed for another 4 weeks before the histological assessment of any palpable tumours that developed. Analysis of developed LNCaP tumours included tumour volume, microvessel density, MIB‐1, p53, p27 and racemase staining intensity. RESULTS HBO2 was associated with less prostate tumour progression than normobaric air (P = 0.26). During HBO2 therapy, 10 mice remained free of palpable tumours, compared with seven controls (P = 0.30). On evaluation during the 4 weeks after therapy, six mice treated with HBO2 remained free of palpable tumours, vs eight of the controls (P = 0.17). There was tumour invasion and necrosis in a two of six and four of the HBO2 group during and after therapy, respectively, vs five and seven of the controls. Tumour microvessel density, proliferative index, differentiation and apoptosis markers were similar in both groups. CONCLUSIONS HBO2 does not accelerate the growth of indolent prostate cancer in a murine model, suggesting that it does not increase the risk of residual prostate cancer reactivation when it is used to manage radiation‐induced haemorrhagic cystitis in patients treated by pelvic radiotherapy for prostate cancer. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png BJU International Wiley

Hyperbaric oxygen does not accelerate latent in vivo prostate cancer: implications for the treatment of radiation‐induced haemorrhagic cystitis

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References (26)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
1464-4096
eISSN
1464-410X
DOI
10.1111/j.1464-410X.2004.05156.x
pmid
15610104
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2; often used to treat haemorrhagic cystitis, a known side‐effect after radiation therapy for prostate cancer and with the potential to induce tumour angiogenesis and stimulate latent recurrence) on indolent in vivo prostate cancer in a murine model. MATERIALS AND METHODS Human prostate LNCaP cells were injected into 60 severe combined‐immunodeficient mice; of these 24 (40%) did not develop palpable tumours after 6 weeks. They were randomized to undergo 20 sessions of either HBO2 or normobaric air in standardized conditions, and observed for another 4 weeks before the histological assessment of any palpable tumours that developed. Analysis of developed LNCaP tumours included tumour volume, microvessel density, MIB‐1, p53, p27 and racemase staining intensity. RESULTS HBO2 was associated with less prostate tumour progression than normobaric air (P = 0.26). During HBO2 therapy, 10 mice remained free of palpable tumours, compared with seven controls (P = 0.30). On evaluation during the 4 weeks after therapy, six mice treated with HBO2 remained free of palpable tumours, vs eight of the controls (P = 0.17). There was tumour invasion and necrosis in a two of six and four of the HBO2 group during and after therapy, respectively, vs five and seven of the controls. Tumour microvessel density, proliferative index, differentiation and apoptosis markers were similar in both groups. CONCLUSIONS HBO2 does not accelerate the growth of indolent prostate cancer in a murine model, suggesting that it does not increase the risk of residual prostate cancer reactivation when it is used to manage radiation‐induced haemorrhagic cystitis in patients treated by pelvic radiotherapy for prostate cancer.

Journal

BJU InternationalWiley

Published: Dec 1, 2004

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