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Nurses experiences of delivering care in acute inpatient mental health settings: A narrative synthesis of the literature

Nurses experiences of delivering care in acute inpatient mental health settings: A narrative... Inpatient psychiatric care requires a balance between working with consumers' priorities and goals, managing expectations of the community, legal, professional and service responsibilities. In order to improve service delivery within acute mental health units, it is important to understand the constraints and facilitating factors for good care. We conducted a systematic narrative synthesis, where findings of qualitative studies are synthesised to generate new insights. 21 articles were identified. Our results show that personal qualities, professional skills as well as environmental factors all influence the ability to provide recovery focused care. Three overarching themes which either facilitated or hindered were identified. These included: (i) Complexity of the nursing role (clinical care; practical and emotional support: advocacy and education; enforcing aspects of the Mental Health Act. and, maintaining ward safety); (ii) Constraining factors (operational barriers; change in patient characteristic; and competing understandings of care); and (iii) Facilitating factors (ward factors; nursing tools; nurse characteristics; approach to people; approach to work and ability to self‐care). We suggest that the therapeutic use of self is central to the provision of recovery oriented care. However person‐centred practice can be fragile and fluid and a compassionate system of support is needed to enable an understanding of context and self. It is critical to have a work environment which fosters hope and optimism and is supportive of autonomy, ensures workload balance, and is safe. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Mental Health Nursing Wiley

Nurses experiences of delivering care in acute inpatient mental health settings: A narrative synthesis of the literature

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References (59)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 2017 Australian College of Mental Health Nurses Inc.
ISSN
1445-8330
eISSN
1447-0349
DOI
10.1111/inm.12315
pmid
28295948
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Inpatient psychiatric care requires a balance between working with consumers' priorities and goals, managing expectations of the community, legal, professional and service responsibilities. In order to improve service delivery within acute mental health units, it is important to understand the constraints and facilitating factors for good care. We conducted a systematic narrative synthesis, where findings of qualitative studies are synthesised to generate new insights. 21 articles were identified. Our results show that personal qualities, professional skills as well as environmental factors all influence the ability to provide recovery focused care. Three overarching themes which either facilitated or hindered were identified. These included: (i) Complexity of the nursing role (clinical care; practical and emotional support: advocacy and education; enforcing aspects of the Mental Health Act. and, maintaining ward safety); (ii) Constraining factors (operational barriers; change in patient characteristic; and competing understandings of care); and (iii) Facilitating factors (ward factors; nursing tools; nurse characteristics; approach to people; approach to work and ability to self‐care). We suggest that the therapeutic use of self is central to the provision of recovery oriented care. However person‐centred practice can be fragile and fluid and a compassionate system of support is needed to enable an understanding of context and self. It is critical to have a work environment which fosters hope and optimism and is supportive of autonomy, ensures workload balance, and is safe.

Journal

International Journal of Mental Health NursingWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2017

Keywords: ; ;

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