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Oncogenic potential of TAR RNA binding protein TRBP and its regulatory interaction with RNA‐dependent protein kinase PKR

Oncogenic potential of TAR RNA binding protein TRBP and its regulatory interaction with... TAR RNA binding protein (TRBP) belongs to an RNA binding protein family that includes the double‐stranded RNA‐activated protein kinase (PKR), Drosophila Staufen and Xenopus xlrbpa. One member of this family, PKR, is a serine/threonine kinase which has anti‐viral and anti‐proliferative effects. In this study we show that TRBP is a cellular down‐regulator of PKR function. Assaying expression from an infectious HIV‐1 molecular clone, we found that PKR inhibited viral protein synthesis and that over‐expression of TRBP effectively countered this inhibition. In intracellular and in cell‐free assays we show that TRBP directly inhibits PKR autophosphorylation through an RNA binding‐independent pathway. Biologically, TRBP serves a growth‐promoting role; cells that over‐express TRBP exhibit transformed phenotypes. Our results demonstrate the oncogenic potential of TRBP and are consistent with the notion that intracellular PKR function contributes physiologically towards regulating cellular proliferation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The EMBO Journal Wiley

Oncogenic potential of TAR RNA binding protein TRBP and its regulatory interaction with RNA‐dependent protein kinase PKR

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References (120)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc
ISSN
0261-4189
eISSN
1460-2075
DOI
10.1093/emboj/16.3.611
pmid
9034343
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

TAR RNA binding protein (TRBP) belongs to an RNA binding protein family that includes the double‐stranded RNA‐activated protein kinase (PKR), Drosophila Staufen and Xenopus xlrbpa. One member of this family, PKR, is a serine/threonine kinase which has anti‐viral and anti‐proliferative effects. In this study we show that TRBP is a cellular down‐regulator of PKR function. Assaying expression from an infectious HIV‐1 molecular clone, we found that PKR inhibited viral protein synthesis and that over‐expression of TRBP effectively countered this inhibition. In intracellular and in cell‐free assays we show that TRBP directly inhibits PKR autophosphorylation through an RNA binding‐independent pathway. Biologically, TRBP serves a growth‐promoting role; cells that over‐express TRBP exhibit transformed phenotypes. Our results demonstrate the oncogenic potential of TRBP and are consistent with the notion that intracellular PKR function contributes physiologically towards regulating cellular proliferation.

Journal

The EMBO JournalWiley

Published: Jan 1, 1997

Keywords: ; ; ; ;

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