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Regulation of the intracellular distribution, cell surface expression, and protein levels of AMPA receptor GluR2 subunits by the monocarboxylate transporter MCT2 in neuronal cells

Regulation of the intracellular distribution, cell surface expression, and protein levels of AMPA... The neuronal monocarboxylate transporter, MCT2, is not only an energy substrate carrier but it is also purported to be a binding partner for the α‐amino‐3‐hydroxy‐5‐methyl‐4‐isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor GluR2 subunit. To unravel a putative role of MCT2 in the regulation of GluR2 subcellular distribution, Neuro2A cells and primary cultures of mouse cortical neurons were co‐transfected with plasmids containing sequences to express the fluorescent proteins mStrawberry (mStb)‐fused MCT2 and Venus‐fused GluR2. Subsequently, their subcellular distribution was visualized by fluorescence microscopy. GluR2 was led to form perinuclear and dendritic clusters together with MCT2 when co‐transfected in Neuro2A cells or in neurons, following the original distribution of MCT2. MCT2 co‐transfection had no effect on the intracellular distribution of several other post‐synaptic proteins, although it partially affected the intracellular distribution of GluR1 similarly to GluR2. Both cell surface and total protein expression levels of GluR2 were significantly reduced by co‐expression with MCT2. Finally, partial perinuclear and dendritic co‐localization between MCT2 and Rab8, a member of the small GTPase family involved in membrane trafficking of AMPA receptors, was also observed in co‐transfected neurons. These results suggest that MCT2 could influence AMPA receptor trafficking within neurons by modulating GluR2 sorting between different subcellular compartments. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Neurochemistry Wiley

Regulation of the intracellular distribution, cell surface expression, and protein levels of AMPA receptor GluR2 subunits by the monocarboxylate transporter MCT2 in neuronal cells

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References (37)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 Wiley Subscription Services
ISSN
0022-3042
eISSN
1471-4159
DOI
10.1111/j.1471-4159.2009.06100.x
pmid
19457092
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The neuronal monocarboxylate transporter, MCT2, is not only an energy substrate carrier but it is also purported to be a binding partner for the α‐amino‐3‐hydroxy‐5‐methyl‐4‐isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor GluR2 subunit. To unravel a putative role of MCT2 in the regulation of GluR2 subcellular distribution, Neuro2A cells and primary cultures of mouse cortical neurons were co‐transfected with plasmids containing sequences to express the fluorescent proteins mStrawberry (mStb)‐fused MCT2 and Venus‐fused GluR2. Subsequently, their subcellular distribution was visualized by fluorescence microscopy. GluR2 was led to form perinuclear and dendritic clusters together with MCT2 when co‐transfected in Neuro2A cells or in neurons, following the original distribution of MCT2. MCT2 co‐transfection had no effect on the intracellular distribution of several other post‐synaptic proteins, although it partially affected the intracellular distribution of GluR1 similarly to GluR2. Both cell surface and total protein expression levels of GluR2 were significantly reduced by co‐expression with MCT2. Finally, partial perinuclear and dendritic co‐localization between MCT2 and Rab8, a member of the small GTPase family involved in membrane trafficking of AMPA receptors, was also observed in co‐transfected neurons. These results suggest that MCT2 could influence AMPA receptor trafficking within neurons by modulating GluR2 sorting between different subcellular compartments.

Journal

Journal of NeurochemistryWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2009

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