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Risk Management: History, Definition, and Critique

Risk Management: History, Definition, and Critique The study of risk management began after World War II. Risk management has long been associated with the use of market insurance to protect individuals and companies from various losses associated with accidents. Other forms of risk management, alternatives to market insurance, surfaced during the 1950s when market insurance was perceived as very costly and incomplete for protection against pure risk. The use of derivatives as risk management instruments arose during the 1970s, and expanded rapidly during the 1980s, as companies intensified their financial risk management. International risk regulation began in the 1980s, and financial firms developed internal risk management models and capital calculation formulas to hedge against unanticipated risks and reduce regulatory capital. Concomitantly, governance of risk management became essential, integrated risk management was introduced, and the chief risk officer positions were created. Nonetheless, these regulations, governance rules, and risk management methods failed to prevent the financial crisis that began in 2007. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Risk Management and Insurance Review Wiley

Risk Management: History, Definition, and Critique

Risk Management and Insurance Review , Volume 16 (2) – Sep 1, 2013

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References (35)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 2013 The American Risk and Insurance Association
ISSN
1098-1616
eISSN
1540-6296
DOI
10.1111/rmir.12016
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The study of risk management began after World War II. Risk management has long been associated with the use of market insurance to protect individuals and companies from various losses associated with accidents. Other forms of risk management, alternatives to market insurance, surfaced during the 1950s when market insurance was perceived as very costly and incomplete for protection against pure risk. The use of derivatives as risk management instruments arose during the 1970s, and expanded rapidly during the 1980s, as companies intensified their financial risk management. International risk regulation began in the 1980s, and financial firms developed internal risk management models and capital calculation formulas to hedge against unanticipated risks and reduce regulatory capital. Concomitantly, governance of risk management became essential, integrated risk management was introduced, and the chief risk officer positions were created. Nonetheless, these regulations, governance rules, and risk management methods failed to prevent the financial crisis that began in 2007.

Journal

Risk Management and Insurance ReviewWiley

Published: Sep 1, 2013

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