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Saturable Absorption in 2D Nanomaterials and Related Photonic Devices

Saturable Absorption in 2D Nanomaterials and Related Photonic Devices Wide‐spectral saturable absorption (SA) has been experimentally demonstrated in two‐dimensional (2D) nanomaterials with outstanding performance, such as low saturation intensity, deep modulation depth, and fast recovery time of excited carriers. Hence, 2D nanomaterials can be utilized as saturable absorbers for mode‐locking or Q‐switching to generate laser pulses with short duration and high repetition rate. Here, the SA properties of graphene, layered transition metal dichalcogenides, Group‐V elements, and other 2D nanomaterials are reviewed by summarizing their slow‐ or fast‐ saturable absorption behavior using the modified Frantz–Nodvik model or the steady‐state solution of Hercher's rate equations. The dependence of SA in 2D nanomaterials on excitation wavelength, linear absorption coefficient, and pulse duration is also explained. Finally, the applications of these 2D nanomaterials in a range of pulsed lasers are summarized. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Laser & Photonics Reviews Wiley

Saturable Absorption in 2D Nanomaterials and Related Photonic Devices

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References (184)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 2019 WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
ISSN
1863-8880
eISSN
1863-8899
DOI
10.1002/lpor.201800282
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Wide‐spectral saturable absorption (SA) has been experimentally demonstrated in two‐dimensional (2D) nanomaterials with outstanding performance, such as low saturation intensity, deep modulation depth, and fast recovery time of excited carriers. Hence, 2D nanomaterials can be utilized as saturable absorbers for mode‐locking or Q‐switching to generate laser pulses with short duration and high repetition rate. Here, the SA properties of graphene, layered transition metal dichalcogenides, Group‐V elements, and other 2D nanomaterials are reviewed by summarizing their slow‐ or fast‐ saturable absorption behavior using the modified Frantz–Nodvik model or the steady‐state solution of Hercher's rate equations. The dependence of SA in 2D nanomaterials on excitation wavelength, linear absorption coefficient, and pulse duration is also explained. Finally, the applications of these 2D nanomaterials in a range of pulsed lasers are summarized.

Journal

Laser & Photonics ReviewsWiley

Published: Jul 1, 2019

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