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Substance use among adolescent and young adult cancer survivors

Substance use among adolescent and young adult cancer survivors Keck School of Medicine, Objective: Health-promoting behaviors are recommended to childhood cancer survivors (CCS) to University of Southern California, reduce late effects resulting from cancer treatment. Understanding factors associated with substance 2001 Soto Building, MC9239, use is needed, especially among Hispanic CCS who are underrepresented in previous studies. The Los Angeles, CA, USA. E-mail: milam@usc.edu objective of this study is to examine substance use behaviors of recently treated Hispanic and non- Hispanic CCS. Methods: One hundred ninety-three Los Angeles County CCS who were diagnosed between 2000 and 2007 (54% Hispanic; mean age 19.9 years, SD = 2.8; mean age at diagnosis = 12.1, SD = 3.0; mean years since diagnosis = 7.8, SD = 2.0) provided self-reported information on substance use, demo- graphics, clinical factors, religiosity, and depressive symptoms. Risk and protective factors for substance use were examined using multivariable logistic regression. Results: Prevalence of 30-day substance use was 11%, 25%, and 14% for tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana, respectively. In controlled regression models, age was positively associated with tobacco use, binge drinking, and polysubstance use (use of at least two of the three substances). Male gender, higher depressive symptoms, and higher socioeconomic status were associated with greater marijuana use. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Psycho-Oncology Wiley

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References (39)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
ISSN
1057-9249
eISSN
1099-1611
DOI
10.1002/pon.3958
pmid
26315824
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Keck School of Medicine, Objective: Health-promoting behaviors are recommended to childhood cancer survivors (CCS) to University of Southern California, reduce late effects resulting from cancer treatment. Understanding factors associated with substance 2001 Soto Building, MC9239, use is needed, especially among Hispanic CCS who are underrepresented in previous studies. The Los Angeles, CA, USA. E-mail: milam@usc.edu objective of this study is to examine substance use behaviors of recently treated Hispanic and non- Hispanic CCS. Methods: One hundred ninety-three Los Angeles County CCS who were diagnosed between 2000 and 2007 (54% Hispanic; mean age 19.9 years, SD = 2.8; mean age at diagnosis = 12.1, SD = 3.0; mean years since diagnosis = 7.8, SD = 2.0) provided self-reported information on substance use, demo- graphics, clinical factors, religiosity, and depressive symptoms. Risk and protective factors for substance use were examined using multivariable logistic regression. Results: Prevalence of 30-day substance use was 11%, 25%, and 14% for tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana, respectively. In controlled regression models, age was positively associated with tobacco use, binge drinking, and polysubstance use (use of at least two of the three substances). Male gender, higher depressive symptoms, and higher socioeconomic status were associated with greater marijuana use.

Journal

Psycho-OncologyWiley

Published: Nov 1, 2016

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