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SUICIDES IN A GROUP OF PATIENTS WHO HAD PREVIOUSLY ATTEMPTED SUICIDE

SUICIDES IN A GROUP OF PATIENTS WHO HAD PREVIOUSLY ATTEMPTED SUICIDE INTRODUCTION In the abundant literature on suicidal acts the authors have usually started out from the conception that suicide ( = s.) and attempted suicide ( = a. s.) are in principle the same phenomenon and differ only inasmuch as suicide ends in death. It was u. Andics (1938) who first drew attention to the fact that, from a phenomenological point of view, perhaps they represented different actions. Subsequently, Stengel ( 1952) has convincingly shown that attempted suicide frequently, but not always is planned precisely as an attempt. Shneidman & Farberow (1961) have pointed out that a. s.-patients and s.-patients differ with regard to a number of statistical background-factors, e. g. sex and age distribution, and methods. I t is noteworthy that the literature on the prognosis quoad vitam and quoad suicidium after a. s. is so scanty. The most important works have been tabulated. TABLE 1 Authors No. of patienta Observation period suicides Dahlgren (1945) ................ 230 12years 500 2-3years Hove (1953) ................... %-~VP years Ringel (1953) .................. 2879 40 (>60 years) 2yean Batchelor & Napier (1953) ...... Batchelor & Napier (1954) ...... 200 1 year Schmidt, O'Neal & Robins (1954) . 109 8months ONeal, Robins & http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica Wiley

SUICIDES IN A GROUP OF PATIENTS WHO HAD PREVIOUSLY ATTEMPTED SUICIDE

Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica , Volume 40 (4) – Dec 1, 1964

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References (33)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1964 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0001-690X
eISSN
1600-0447
DOI
10.1111/j.1600-0447.1964.tb07490.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

INTRODUCTION In the abundant literature on suicidal acts the authors have usually started out from the conception that suicide ( = s.) and attempted suicide ( = a. s.) are in principle the same phenomenon and differ only inasmuch as suicide ends in death. It was u. Andics (1938) who first drew attention to the fact that, from a phenomenological point of view, perhaps they represented different actions. Subsequently, Stengel ( 1952) has convincingly shown that attempted suicide frequently, but not always is planned precisely as an attempt. Shneidman & Farberow (1961) have pointed out that a. s.-patients and s.-patients differ with regard to a number of statistical background-factors, e. g. sex and age distribution, and methods. I t is noteworthy that the literature on the prognosis quoad vitam and quoad suicidium after a. s. is so scanty. The most important works have been tabulated. TABLE 1 Authors No. of patienta Observation period suicides Dahlgren (1945) ................ 230 12years 500 2-3years Hove (1953) ................... %-~VP years Ringel (1953) .................. 2879 40 (>60 years) 2yean Batchelor & Napier (1953) ...... Batchelor & Napier (1954) ...... 200 1 year Schmidt, O'Neal & Robins (1954) . 109 8months ONeal, Robins &

Journal

Acta Psychiatrica ScandinavicaWiley

Published: Dec 1, 1964

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