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TRPC‐like conductance mediates restoration of intracellular Ca 2+ in cochlear outer hair cells in the guinea pig and rat

TRPC‐like conductance mediates restoration of intracellular Ca 2+ in cochlear outer hair cells in... Ca2+ signalling is central to cochlear sensory hair cell physiology through its influence on sound transduction, membrane filter properties and neurotransmission. However, the mechanism for establishing Ca2+ homeostasis in these cells remains unresolved. Canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) Ca2+ entry channels provide an important pathway for maintaining intracellular Ca2+ levels. TRPC3 subunit expression was detected in guinea pig and rat organ of Corti by RT‐PCR, and localized to the sensory and neural poles of the inner and outer hair cells (OHCs) by confocal immunofluorescence imaging. A cation entry current with a TRPC‐like phenotype was identified in guinea pig and rat OHCs by whole‐cell voltage clamp. This slowly activating current was induced by the lowering of cytosolic Ca2+ levels ((Ca2+)i) following a period in nominally Ca2+‐free solution. Activation was dependent upon the (Ca2+)o and was sustained until (Ca2+)i was restored. Ca2+ entry was confirmed by confocal fluorescence imaging, and rapidly recruited secondary charybdotoxin‐ and apamin‐sensitive KCa currents. Dual activation by the G protein‐coupled receptor (GPCR)–phospholipase C–diacylglycerol (DAG) second messenger pathway was confirmed using the analogue 1‐oleoyl‐2‐acetyl‐sn‐glycerol (OAG). Ion substitution experiments showed that the putative TRPC Ca2+ entry current was selective for Na+ > K+ with a ratio of 1: 0.6. The Ca2+ entry current was inhibited by the TRPC channel blocker 2‐aminoethyl diphenylborate (2APB) and the tyrosine kinase inhibitor, erbstatin analogue. We conclude that TRPC Ca2+ entry channels, most likely incorporating TRPC3 subunits, support cochlear hair cell Ca2+ homeostasis and GPCR signalling. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Physiology Wiley

TRPC‐like conductance mediates restoration of intracellular Ca 2+ in cochlear outer hair cells in the guinea pig and rat

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References (67)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 2007 The Journal of Physiology © 2007 The Physiological Society
ISSN
0022-3751
eISSN
1469-7793
DOI
10.1113/jphysiol.2006.122929
pmid
17158171
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Ca2+ signalling is central to cochlear sensory hair cell physiology through its influence on sound transduction, membrane filter properties and neurotransmission. However, the mechanism for establishing Ca2+ homeostasis in these cells remains unresolved. Canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) Ca2+ entry channels provide an important pathway for maintaining intracellular Ca2+ levels. TRPC3 subunit expression was detected in guinea pig and rat organ of Corti by RT‐PCR, and localized to the sensory and neural poles of the inner and outer hair cells (OHCs) by confocal immunofluorescence imaging. A cation entry current with a TRPC‐like phenotype was identified in guinea pig and rat OHCs by whole‐cell voltage clamp. This slowly activating current was induced by the lowering of cytosolic Ca2+ levels ((Ca2+)i) following a period in nominally Ca2+‐free solution. Activation was dependent upon the (Ca2+)o and was sustained until (Ca2+)i was restored. Ca2+ entry was confirmed by confocal fluorescence imaging, and rapidly recruited secondary charybdotoxin‐ and apamin‐sensitive KCa currents. Dual activation by the G protein‐coupled receptor (GPCR)–phospholipase C–diacylglycerol (DAG) second messenger pathway was confirmed using the analogue 1‐oleoyl‐2‐acetyl‐sn‐glycerol (OAG). Ion substitution experiments showed that the putative TRPC Ca2+ entry current was selective for Na+ > K+ with a ratio of 1: 0.6. The Ca2+ entry current was inhibited by the TRPC channel blocker 2‐aminoethyl diphenylborate (2APB) and the tyrosine kinase inhibitor, erbstatin analogue. We conclude that TRPC Ca2+ entry channels, most likely incorporating TRPC3 subunits, support cochlear hair cell Ca2+ homeostasis and GPCR signalling.

Journal

The Journal of PhysiologyWiley

Published: Feb 15, 2007

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