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Additional Genetic High-Risk Features Such As 11q Deletion, 17p Deletion, and V3-21 Usage Characterize Discordance of ZAP-70 and VH Mutation Status in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Additional Genetic High-Risk Features Such As 11q Deletion, 17p Deletion, and V3-21 Usage... Purpose: Immunoglobulin heavy chain variable-region (VH) gene mutation status and zeta-associated protein 70 (ZAP-70) expression are correlated in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), but their concordance is variable. The goal of this study was to elucidate additional factors potentially characterizing their discordance. Patients and Methods: We evaluated ZAP-70 expression by flow cytometry, VH status by DNA sequencing, and genomic aberrations by fluorescence in situ hybridization in 148 CLL patients. The parameters were analyzed for their associations and their individual prognostic impact. Results: ZAP-70 expression and VH mutation status were strongly associated in CLL without additional genetic high-risk-features as defined by the absence of 11q or 17p deletion and V3-21 usage (concordance 84%). In contrast, the proportion of discordant cases was significantly higher (39%), if such additional genetic high-risk features were present. Discordant cases with V3-21 usage were almost exclusively ZAP-70 positive and VH mutated (89%), whereas all but one of the discordant cases with high-risk aberrations were ZAP-70 negative and VH unmutated (92%). By multivariate regression analysis, two models were developed, which both include high-risk genomic aberrations and, alternatively, VH mutation status and V3-21 usage or ZAP-70 expression as independent outcome predictors. Conclusion: There were characteristic modes of discordance between ZAP-70 and VH mutation status depending on the presence or absence of additional genetic high-risk features such as 11q and 17p deletion or V3-21 usage. Although the biologic background for these findings is yet to be determined, these data have biologic and clinical implications regarding ZAP-70 as a pathogenic factor and outcome predictor, respectively. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Clinical Oncology Wolters Kluwer Health

Additional Genetic High-Risk Features Such As 11q Deletion, 17p Deletion, and V3-21 Usage Characterize Discordance of ZAP-70 and VH Mutation Status in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

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Publisher
Wolters Kluwer Health
Copyright
(C) 2006 American Society of Clinical Oncology
ISSN
0732-183X
eISSN
1527-7755
DOI
10.1200/JCO.2005.03.7184
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose: Immunoglobulin heavy chain variable-region (VH) gene mutation status and zeta-associated protein 70 (ZAP-70) expression are correlated in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), but their concordance is variable. The goal of this study was to elucidate additional factors potentially characterizing their discordance. Patients and Methods: We evaluated ZAP-70 expression by flow cytometry, VH status by DNA sequencing, and genomic aberrations by fluorescence in situ hybridization in 148 CLL patients. The parameters were analyzed for their associations and their individual prognostic impact. Results: ZAP-70 expression and VH mutation status were strongly associated in CLL without additional genetic high-risk-features as defined by the absence of 11q or 17p deletion and V3-21 usage (concordance 84%). In contrast, the proportion of discordant cases was significantly higher (39%), if such additional genetic high-risk features were present. Discordant cases with V3-21 usage were almost exclusively ZAP-70 positive and VH mutated (89%), whereas all but one of the discordant cases with high-risk aberrations were ZAP-70 negative and VH unmutated (92%). By multivariate regression analysis, two models were developed, which both include high-risk genomic aberrations and, alternatively, VH mutation status and V3-21 usage or ZAP-70 expression as independent outcome predictors. Conclusion: There were characteristic modes of discordance between ZAP-70 and VH mutation status depending on the presence or absence of additional genetic high-risk features such as 11q and 17p deletion or V3-21 usage. Although the biologic background for these findings is yet to be determined, these data have biologic and clinical implications regarding ZAP-70 as a pathogenic factor and outcome predictor, respectively.

Journal

Journal of Clinical OncologyWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Feb 20, 2006

References