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Executive Functioning Among Finnish Adolescents With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Executive Functioning Among Finnish Adolescents With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder SPECIAL S ECTION Executive Functioning Among Finnish Adolescents With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder SANDRA K. LOO, PH.D., LORIE A. HUMPHREY, PH.D., TERTTU TAPIO, M.A., IRMA K. MOILANEN, M.D., PH.D., JAMES J. McGOUGH, M.D., JAMES T. McCRACKEN, M.D., MAY H. YANG, M.A., JEFF DANG, M.P.H., ANJA TAANILA, PH.D., HANNA EBELING, M.D., PH.D., MARJO-RIITTA JARVELIN, M.D., PH.D., AND SUSAN L. SMALLEY, PH.D. ABSTRACT Objective: The present study examined cognitive functioning in a population sample of adolescents with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986. Method: The sample consisted of 457 adolescents ages 16 to 18 who were assessed using a battery of cognitive tasks. Performance accord- ing to diagnostic group (control, behavior disorder, and ADHD) and sex was compared. Then, the effect of executive function deficit (EFD) was assessed by diagnostic group status on behavioral and cognitive measures. Results: When compared to non-ADHD groups, adolescents with ADHD exhibited deficits on almost all of the cognitive measures. The behavior disorder group obtained scores that were generally intermediate between the ADHD and control groups, but exhibited deficits in intelligence and executive function similar to the ADHD group. Approximately half the ADHD sam- ple had EFD; however, the type and presence http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Wolters Kluwer Health

Executive Functioning Among Finnish Adolescents With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

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ISSN
0890-8567
DOI
10.1097/chi.0b013e3181575014
pmid
18030081
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

SPECIAL S ECTION Executive Functioning Among Finnish Adolescents With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder SANDRA K. LOO, PH.D., LORIE A. HUMPHREY, PH.D., TERTTU TAPIO, M.A., IRMA K. MOILANEN, M.D., PH.D., JAMES J. McGOUGH, M.D., JAMES T. McCRACKEN, M.D., MAY H. YANG, M.A., JEFF DANG, M.P.H., ANJA TAANILA, PH.D., HANNA EBELING, M.D., PH.D., MARJO-RIITTA JARVELIN, M.D., PH.D., AND SUSAN L. SMALLEY, PH.D. ABSTRACT Objective: The present study examined cognitive functioning in a population sample of adolescents with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986. Method: The sample consisted of 457 adolescents ages 16 to 18 who were assessed using a battery of cognitive tasks. Performance accord- ing to diagnostic group (control, behavior disorder, and ADHD) and sex was compared. Then, the effect of executive function deficit (EFD) was assessed by diagnostic group status on behavioral and cognitive measures. Results: When compared to non-ADHD groups, adolescents with ADHD exhibited deficits on almost all of the cognitive measures. The behavior disorder group obtained scores that were generally intermediate between the ADHD and control groups, but exhibited deficits in intelligence and executive function similar to the ADHD group. Approximately half the ADHD sam- ple had EFD; however, the type and presence

Journal

Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent PsychiatryWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Dec 1, 2007

References